Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations

1st Edition

By Gennady I. Belchansky

CRC Press

248 pages | 96 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2004-03-29
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Description

Active (imaging radar) and passive (radiometer) microwave systems are increasingly used for Arctic ecological research. Unfortunately, until now ecologists interested in remote sensing often lacked access to the full suite of physical and analytical techniques of microwave systems, data processing, and ecological applications because a suitable reference book did not exist.

Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations answers this demand by summarizing the main microwave satellite applications for Arctic ecological research. This book is invaluable to specialists with a background in microwave techniques, as well as to other ecologists interested in applications of microwave active and passive remote sensing for tundra, boreal forest, and Arctic sea-ice habitat and marine mammal studies.

It presents a brief introduction to Arctic ecological problems, the role of satellite sensing for monitoring Arctic ecosystems, and related data processing applications. The volume then examines results of Arctic sea-ice habitat studies using OKEAN-01 satellite data, then provides a comparative analysis of multisensor satellite monitoring of habitat using OKEAN-01, SSM/I and AVHRR satellite instruments. It also describes the evaluation of relative information content of ALMAZ-1, ERS-1, JERS-1 SAR, and Landsat-TM data for identifying wet tundra habitats. The book concludes with results of sensitive boreal forest type detection to monitor potential impacts of climate change on boreal forest structure.

Reviews

"…offers new light into the types of Russian data not normally available or known about to most western scientists.

Polar Record, 2005

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO ARCTIC ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH AND MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING

Arctic Ecological Problems and Remote Sensing

Elements of Microwave Remote Sensing

Elements of Imaging Radar Satellite Systems

Elements of Passive Microwave Satellite Systems

Elements of Microwave Data Inversion, Classification and Applications

Conclusion

RUSSIAN MICROWAVE SATELLITES: MAIN MISSIONS, CHARACTERISTICS AND APPLICATIONS

A Brief Review of the Main National and International Microwave Satellite

Systems

Evolution of Russian Microwave Satellites

KOSMOS-OKEAN Satellite Series

ALMAZ Satellite Series

Conclusion

ARCTIC MARINE MAMMAL SEA ICE HABITAT STUDIES USING ACTIVE AND PASSIVE MICROWAVE SATELLITE DATA

Introduction

Study Area

Data

Structure of Data Processing System

Estimating Sea Ice Habitat Parameters

Estimating the Sea Ice Habitat's Integrated Information Content

Scheduling of Satellite Image Acquiring

Results

Discussion

INVESTIGATING VARIABILITY IN ARCTIC SEA ICE DISTRIBUTION USING OKEAN AND ALMAZ SAR SATELLITE DATA

Introduction

Study Area

Data

Methods

Results

Conclusion

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF OKEAN-01, SSM/I AND AVHRR SATELLITE DATA FOR MONITORING OF ARCTIC SEA ICE HABITAT

Introduction

Study Area

Data Description

Satellite Data Processing

Results

Conclusion

BOREAL FOREST HABITAT STUDIES USING OKEAN-01 SATELLITE DATA

Introduction

Study Area

Data

Mapping Boreal Forest Vegetation

Some Results

Improvement of Boreal Forest Classification Using a Minimum Loss

Function Criteria

Conclusion

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF ALMAZ-1 SAR, ERS-1 SAR, JERS-1 SAR AND LANDSAT-TM SATELLITE DATA FOR TUNDRA HABITAT STUDIES

Introduction

Study Area

Satellite Data

Ground Data

Satellite-Derived Map

Results

Conclusion

DEPENDENCE BETWEEN SAR DATA FOCUSING PARAMETERS AND EFFICIENCY OF DISCRIMINATING TUNDRA HABITAT

Introduction

Basic Focusing Algorithm

Focusing Algorithm for ALMAZ-1 SAR Data

Focusing Algorithm for ERS-1, JERS-1, RADARSAT SAR Data

Structure of Focusing Software

Assessment of Dependence Between SAR Data Focusing Parameters

and Tundra Habitat Classification

Results

Conclusion

STUDYING REGIONAL ASPECTS OF POLAR BEAR (URSUS MARITIMUS) ECOLOGY IN THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC USING SATELLITE DATA

Introduction

Methodology

Analysis of the Results

Conclusion

DETECTION OF SENSITIVE BOREAL FOREST TYPES TO MONITOR AND ASSESS POTENTIAL IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE

Introduction

Study Area

Field Data

Forest Community Classification

Computer Programs and Databases

Comparative Floristic and Microclimate Analysis to Identify

Sensitive Forest Types

Global Change and Boreal Forest Community Dynamics

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC036000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems