1st Edition

Arguing About Bioethics

Edited By

Stephen Holland




ISBN 9780415476331
Published April 5, 2012 by Routledge
624 Pages

USD $66.95

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Book Description

Arguing About Bioethics is a fresh and exciting collection of essential readings in bioethics, offering a comprehensive introduction to and overview of the field. Influential contributions from established philosophers and bioethicists, such as Peter Singer, Thomas Nagel, Judith Jarvis Thomson and Michael Sandel, are combined with the best recent work in the subject.

Organised into clear sections, readings have been chosen that engage with one another, and often take opposing views on the same question, helping students get to grips with the key areas of debate. All the core issues in bioethics are covered, alongside new controversies that are emerging in the field, including:

  • embryo research
  • selecting children and enhancing humans
  • human cloning
  • using animals for medical purposes
  • organ donation
  • consent and autonomy
  • public health ethics
  • resource allocation
  • developing world bioethics
  • assisted suicide.

Each extract selected is clear, stimulating and free from unnecessary jargon. The editor’s accessible and engaging section introductions make Arguing About Bioethics ideal for those studying bioethics for the first time, while more advanced readers will be challenged by the rigorous and thought-provoking arguments presented in the readings.

Table of Contents

Introduction  Part 1: Is it Wrong to do Research on Human Embryos?  1. The Metaphysical Status of the Embryo: Some Arguments Revisited D. Oderberg  2. Potentiality and Human Embryos J. Lizza  3. The Argument From Potential: A Reappraisal M. Reichlin  4. Stem Cells, Sex, and Procreation J. Harris  Part 2: On What Grounds Should we Select and Enhance our Offspring?  5. The Disability Rights Critique of Prenatal Testing: Reflections and Recommendations E. Parens & A. Asch  6. Procreative Beneficence: Why we Should Select the Best Children J. Savulescu  7. Preconception Gender Selection J. A. Robertson  8. The Case Against Perfection M. J. Sandel  9. Human Genetic Enhancements: A Transhumanist Perspective N. Bostrom  Part 3: Is it Wrong to Clone Human Beings?  10. Cloning R. Chadwick  11. The Wisdom of Repugnance L.R. Kass  12. Uniqueness, Individuality, and Human Cloning D. Elliott  13. Cloning, Parenthood, and Genetic Relatedness R. Sparrow  14. Slippery Slopes to Slippery Slopes: Therapeutic Cloning and the Criminal Law R. Blackford  Part 4: What Uses of Animals for Biomedical Purposes are Permissible?  15. Animal Liberation at 30 P. Singer  16. Do Animals Feel Pain? P. Harrison  17. The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research C. Cohen  18. Is Xenografting Morally Wrong? A. Caplan  19. Moral Sensibilities and Moral Standing: Caplan on Xenograft ‘Donors’ J. Nelson  Part 5: How Should More Human Transplant Organs be Acquired?  20. Organs for Sale? Propriety, Property, and the Price of Progress L.R. Kass  21. The Case for Allowing Kidney Sales J. Radcliffe-Richards,  A. S. Daar, R. D. Guttmann, R. Hoffenberg, I. Kennedy,  M. Lock, R. A. Sells, & N. Tilney  22. The Case for Presumed Consent to Transplant Human Organs After Death C. Cohen  23. The Myth of Presumed Consent: Ethical Problems in New Organ Procurement Strategies R. M. Veatch & J. B. Pitt  24. Mandated Choice for Organ Donation: Time to Give it a Try A. Spital  25. Donors and Relatives Must Place no Conditions on Organ Use L. Beecham  26. What’s Not Wrong With Conditional Organ Donation? T. M. Wilkinson  27. Point: Are Donors After Circulatory Death Really Dead, and Does it Matter? Yes and Yes J. L. Bernat  28. Counterpoint: Are Donors After Circulatory Death Really Dead, and Does it Matter? No and Not Really R. D. Truog & F. G. Miller  29. Rebuttal J.L. Bernat  Part 6: What Sort of Consent Does Respect for Autonomy Imply?  30. Barriers to Informed Consent C. W. Lidz, A. Meise, M. Osterweis, J. L. Holden, J. H. Marx, & M. R. Munetz  31. The Place of Autonomy in Bioethics J.F. Childress  32. Abandoning Informed Consent R. M. Veatch  33. Should Informed Consent be Based on Rational Beliefs? J. Savulescu & R. W. Momeyer  34. Some Limits of Informed Consent O. O’Neill  35. A New Model of Medical Decisions: Exploring the Limits of Shared Decision Making S. N. Whitney  Part 7: Is it Permissible to Impose on Individuals for the Sake of the Public’s Health?  36. Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain J.F. Childress, R. R. Faden, R. D. Gaare, L. O. Gostin, J. Kahn, R. J. Bonnie, N. E. Kass, A. C. Mastroianni, J.D. Moreno, & P. Nieburg   37. Public Health Law in an Age of Terrorism: Rethinking Individual Rights and Common Goods L. O. Gostin  38. Libertarian Paternalism R. H. Thaler, C. R. Sunstein  39. Obesity Interventions and Ethics S. Holm  40. Should Routine Childhood Immunizations be Compulsory? D. Isaacs, H. A. Kilham, & H.  Marshall  41. Banning Smoking Outdoors is Seldom Ethically Justifiable S. Chapman  42. Ethics and the Conduct of Public Health Surveillance A. L. Fairchild, & R. Bayer  Part 8: How are Scarce Medical Resources to be Justly Allocated?  43. The Value of QALYs, A. Williams  44. QALYfying the Value of Life J. Harris  45. The Rationing Debate. Rationing Health Care by Age: The Case For, and the Case Against A. Williams & J. Grimley-Evans  46. Rationing and Life-Saving Treatments: Should Identifiable Patients Have Higher Priority? T. Hope  47. Health-Care Needs and Distributive Justice N. Daniels  Part 9: Do Western Principles of Research Ethics Apply in the Developing World?  48. Unethical Trials of Interventions to Reduce Perinatal Transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Developing Countries P. Lurie & S. M. Wolfe  49. The Ethics of Clinical Research in the Third World M. Angell  50. Ethical Complexities of Conducting Research in Developing Countries H. Varmus & D. Satcher  51. The "Best Proven Therapeutic Method" Standard in Clinical Trials in Technologically Developing Countries R. J. Levine  52. Universality and its Limits: When Research Ethics Can Reflect Local Circumstances D. Orentlicher  53. Participants in the 2001 Conference on Ethical Aspects of Research in Developing Countries 2004: Moral Standards for Research in Developing Countries: From ‘Reasonable Availability’ to ‘Fair Benefits’  54. Another Voice: Fair Benefits in International Medical Research J. D. Arras  55. The Declaration of Helsinki: Another Revision R. Macklin  Part 10: Should Doctors be Allowed to Help Patients to Kill Themselves?  56. An Open Letter to All Members of Parliament and of the House of Lords, From Leaders of British Faith Communities of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jews, Muslims and Sikhs, Expressing Grave Concerns at Continuing and Renewed Efforts to Legalise Euthanasia  57. Assisted Suicide: The Philosophers’ Brief R. Dworkin, T. Nagel, R. Nozick, J. Rawls, T. Scanlon, & J. J. Thomson  58. Autonomy and Assisted Suicide: The Execution of Freedom J. P. Safranek  59. Physician-Assisted Suicide: a New Look at the Arguments J.M. Dieterle  60. Physician-Assisted Suicide: Two Moral Arguments J. J. Thomson.  Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Stephen Holland is a Senior Lecturer in the Departments of Philosophy and Health Sciences at the University of York, UK.

Reviews

"An unmatched resource for students and researchers in bioethics. In following arguments about key issues from agenda-setting articles through to the best recent contributions, it takes readers to the heart of contemporary debates." – Justin Oakley, Monash University, Australia

"An excellent entry-point to the field of bioethics. The thought-provoking and accessible readings, and the valuable editor's introductions, make this collection a rich and useful resource for students, teachers, and non-specialist readers." - Gardar Arnason, Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany