1st Edition

Art and Architecture of Migration and Discrimination Turkey, Pakistan, and their European Diasporas

Edited By Esra Akcan, Iftikhar Dadi Copyright 2024
    264 Pages 59 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book brings together essays by established and emerging scholars that discuss Pakistan, Turkey, and their diasporas in Europe. Together, the contributions show the scope of diverse artistic media, including architecture, painting, postcards, film, music, and literature, that has responded to the partitions of the twentieth century and the Muslim diasporas in Europe.

    Turkey and Pakistan have been subject to two of the largest compulsory population transfers of the twentieth century. They have also been the sites for large magnitudes of emigration during the second half of the twentieth century, creating influential diasporas in European cities such as London and Berlin. Discrimination has been both the cause and result of migration: while internal problems compelled citizens to emigrate from their countries, blatant discriminatory and ideological constructs shaped their experiences in their countries of arrival. Read together, the Partition emerges from the essays in Part I not as a pathology specific to the Balkans, Middle East, or South Asia, but as a central problematic of the new political realities of decolonization and nation formation. The essays in Part II demonstrate the layered histories and multiple migration paths that have shaped the experiences of Berliners and Londoners.

    This analysis furthers the study of modernism and migration across the borders of, not only the nation-state, but also class, race, and gender. As a result, this book will be of interest to a broad multidisciplinary academic audience including students and faculty, artists, architects and planners, as well as non-specialist general public interested in visual arts, architecture and urban literature.

    Introduction: Migration and Discrimination

    Esra Akcan and Iftikhar Dadi

    Part 1: Two Partitions

    Chapter 1: Partitions and an Anti-Xenophobic Architectural Historiography

    Esra Akcan

    Chapter 2: Living on Another Displacement’s Ruins: Adana’s Döşeme Neighborhood in Turkey

    Aslıhan Günhan

    Chapter 3: September 6–7, 1955–ongoing: Discrimination, Dispossession, and Practices of Memory and Survival

    Lara Fresko Madra

    Chapter 4: Homogenizing the Border: Kars after the Pogrom of 1955

    Ecem Sarıçayır

    Chapter 5: 1960s Tax Law and Non-Muslim Exodus from Istanbul: Turkification of the City

    Ipek Akpınar

    Chapter 6: Art and the 1947 Partition of South Asia

    Iftikhar Dadi

    Chapter 7: Partition Migration and Urbicide in Bapsi Sidhwa’s Ice-Candy Man

    Saba Pirzadeh

    Chapter 8: "He never said that you leave for ever": South Asian Partition and Film Migration to Pakistan

    Salma Siddique

    Chapter 9: The Perpetual Mohajirs: Leon Henrard’s Report on Pakistan’s Future

    Farhan Karim

    Chapter 10: Partition Thinking and the East African Gaze toward Pakistan

    Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi

    Part 2: Two Diasporas

    Chapter 11: Kreuzberg and an Anti-Discriminatory Architectural Historiography

    Esra Akcan

    Chapter 12: Exile, Postcards, and a Return to Cold War Berlin

    Barış Ülker

    Chapter 13: Migrants and Muses: Güney Dal’s First Novel Attracts Little Attention When Published in German Translation

    Leslie A. Adelson

    Chapter 14: Berlin as an Urban Synecdoche for Immigration

    Vinh Phu Pham

    Chapter 15: Conceiving Solidarity Across Borders

    Deniz Göktürk

    Chapter 16: Be/longing Berlin: Remembering Futures in Migration

    Omar Kasmani

    Chapter 17: Pakistani Diaspora Artists in the UK

    Iftikhar Dadi

    Chapter 18: Rasheed Araeen: An Aesthetics of Resistance

    Karen Greenwalt

    Chapter 19: The Cinema of Hanif Kureshi: My Beautiful Laundrette (1985)

    Ayesha Matthan

    Chapter 20: Fun^Da^Mental’s "Jihad Rap"

    Ted Swedenburg



    Esra Akcan is a Professor in the Department of Architecture at Cornell University. She completed her architecture degree at the Middle East Technical University in Turkey, and her Ph.D. and postdoctoral degrees at Columbia University in New York. Akcan received awards and fellowships from the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies at Harvard University, Graham Foundation, Canadian Center for Architecture, American Academy in Berlin, UIC, Institute for Advanced Studies in Berlin, Clark Institute, Getty Research Institute, CAA, Mellon Foundation, DAAD and KRESS/ARIT. She is the author of Landfill Istanbul (2004); Architecture in Translation: Germany, Turkey and the Modern House (2012); Turkey: Modern Architectures in History (with Sibel Bozdoğan) (2012); Open Architecture: Migration, Citizenship and the Urban Renewal of Berlin-Kreuzberg by IBA-1984/87 (2018); and Abolish Human Bans: Intertwined Histories of Architecture (2022).

    Iftikhar Dadi is John H. Burris Professor in History of Art at Cornell University. He researches modern and contemporary art from a transnational perspective, with an emphasis on methodology and intellectual history. Another research interest examines the film, media, and popular cultures of South Asia. He has authored The Lahore Effect: Cinema Between Realism and Fable (2022), Modernism and the Art of Muslim South Asia (2010) and edited The Lahore Biennale Reader (2022) and Anwar Jalal Shemza (2015). He has co-edited Lines of Control: Partition as a Productive Space (2012); Tarjama/Translation (2009); and Unpacking Europe: Towards a Critical Reading (2001). As an artist he collaborates with Elizabeth Dadi. Their work investigates questions of memory and borders in contemporary globalization, and the productive capacities of urban informalities across the Global South.