Art and Politics During the Cold War Poland and the Netherlands
Drawing on thousands of historical documents from Polish and Dutch archives, this book explores the Cold War cultural exchange between so-called ‘smaller powers’ of this global conflict, which thus far has been predominately explored from the perspective of the two superpowers or more pivotal countries.
By looking at how cultural, artistic and scholarly relations were developed between Poland and the Netherlands, Michał Wenderski sheds new light on the history of the cultural Cold War that was not always orchestrated solely by its main players. Less pivotal states – for example, Poland and the Netherlands – likewise intentionally created their international cultural policies and shaped their cultural exchange with countries from the other side of the Iron Curtain. This study reconstructs these policies and identifies the varying factors that influenced them – both official and less formal.
The book will be of interest to scholars working in art history, history of the Cold War, postwar European history, international cultural relations, Dutch studies, and Polish studies.
List of Figures
List of Abbreviations
Chapter 1: Uneasy Beginnings (1947-1956)
“Nederland–Polen” as a Front Organisation of the Communist Authorities in Poland
First attempts at exhibition exchange between Poland and the Netherlands
Exhibiting Polish Folk Art in the Netherlands
Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place
Commemorating Mickiewicz in the Netherlands, and Rembrandt in Poland
Informal diplomacy through personal mobility
Other Forms of International Cultural Exchange and Policy
Chapter 2: Towards the Cultural Agreement (1956-1967)
A gradual shift in the Dutch international cultural policy towards Poland
Is it sheer incompetence, or is he maybe a Communist agent?
Polish artistic invasion in the Netherlands
Between Rembrandt and Van Gogh – exhibiting Dutch art in Poland
Other forms of cultural exchange between Poland and the Netherlands
Towards the Cultural Agreement
Chapter 3: Détente, but first the Year of Revolt (1968-1979)
1968 in Poland
The Impact of the 1968 Events on Cultural Relations
Polish Counter Measures
The Delayed Implementation of the Cultural Agreement
Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and its impact on Polish-Dutch cultural relations
Chapter 4: The Last Decade (1979-1989)
Bilateral relations before 13 December 1981
The World and The Hague react to the Polish Crisis
Annex: Cultural Agreement between the Government of the Polish People's Republic and the Government of the Kingdom of The Netherlands