1st Edition

Artificial Intelligence and the City Urbanistic Perspectives on AI

    420 Pages 25 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    420 Pages 25 Color Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book explores in theory and practice how artificial intelligence (AI) intersects with and alters the city. Drawing upon a range of urban disciplines and case studies, the chapters reveal the multitude of repercussions that AI is having on urban society, urban infrastructure, urban governance, urban planning and urban sustainability.

    Contributors also examine how the city, far from being a passive recipient of new technologies, is influencing and reframing AI through subtle processes of co-constitution. The book advances three main contributions and arguments:

    • First, it provides empirical evidence of the emergence of a post-smart trajectory for cities in which new material and decision-making capabilities are being assembled through multiple AIs.

    • Second, it stresses the importance of understanding the mutually constitutive relations between the new experiences enabled by AI technology and the urban context.

    • Third, it engages with the concepts required to clarify the opaque relations that exist between AI and the city, as well as how to make sense of these relations from a theoretical perspective.

    Artificial Intelligence and the City offers a state-of-the-art analysis and review of AI urbanism, from its roots to its global emergence. It cuts across several disciplines and will be a useful resource for undergraduates and postgraduates in the fields of urban studies, urban planning, geography, architecture, urban design, science and technology studies, sociology and politics.

    Chapter 1: Introducing AI into Urban Studies

    Federico Cugurullo, Federico Caprotti, Matthew Cook, Andrew Karvonen, Pauline McGuirk and Simon Marvin


    Section 1 – Autonomous Vehicles and Mobility

    Chapter 2: Reinforcing and Refracting Automobility: Urban Experimentation with Autonomous Vehicles

    Robyn Dowling, Pauline McGuirk and Alistair Sisson

    Chapter 3: Trials and Tribulations: Who Learns What from Urban Experiments with Self-driving Vehicles?

    Jack Stilgoe and Cian O'Donovan

    Chapter 4: Autonomous Lorries, Artificial Intelligence and Urban (Freight) Mobilities

    Debbie Hopkins

    Chapter 5: An Urbanistic Take on Autonomous Vehicles

    Federico Cugurullo and Eva Kassens-Noor

    Chapter 6: A Roadmap for the Sustainable Deployment of Autonomous Vehicles: Superblocks Driving Cars out of Neighbourhoods

    Elisabetta Vitale Brovarone and Luca Staricco

    Section 2 – Urban Robots and Robotic Spaces

    Chapter 7: Regulating and Making Space for the Expanded Field of Urban Robotics

    Aidan While

    Chapter 8: Everyday Droning: Uneven Experiences of Drone-enabled AI Urbanism

    Anna Jackman

    Chapter 9: Exploring Temporal Pleats and Folds: the Role of Urban AI and Robotics in Reinvigorating the Cyborg City

    Miguel Valdez, Matthew Cook and Stephen Potter

    Chapter 10: Robots in AI Urbanism

    Shanti Sumartojo

    Chapter 11: Airport Robots: Automation, Everyday Life and the Futures of Urbanism

    Weiqiang Lin and Sie Je Ivin Yeo


    Section 3 – City Brains and Urban Platforms

    Chapter 12: Ambient Commons? Valuing Urban Public Spaces in an Era of AI-Enabled Ambient Computing

    Sarah Barns

    Chapter 13: Encountering Limits in Cooperative Platforms: the More-Than-Technical Labour of Urban AI

    Adam Moore and David Bissell

    Chapter 14: Performed Imaginaries of the AI-Controlled City: Conducting Urban AI Experimentation in China

    Bei Chen

    Chapter 15: Optimizing the Immeasurable: on the Techno-Ethical Limits of Predictive Policing

    Aaron Shapiro

    Chapter 16: Chinese Artificial Intelligence Governance Platforms 2.0: the Belt and Road Edition

    Alan Smart, Yawei Zhao and Dean Curran

    Section 4 – Urban Software Agents and Algorithms

    Chapter 17: Perceptions of Intelligence in Urban AI and the Contingent Logics of Real Estate Estimate Algorithms

    Casey R. Lynch and Vincent J. Del Casino Jr.

    Chapter 18: Caring is Connecting: AI Digital Assistants and the Surveillance of Elderly and Disabled Family Members in the Home

    Miriam E. Sweeney

    Chapter 19: AI Doctors or AI for Doctors? Augmenting Urban Healthcare Services Through Artificial Intelligence

    Zongtian Guo and Federico Cugurullo

    Chapter 20: Algorithms and Racial Discrimination in the U.S. Housing Market

    Eva Rosen and Philip Garboden

    Chapter 21: Architectural AI: Urban Artificial Intelligence in Architecture and Design

    Davide Pisu and Silvio Carta

    Chapter 22: Conclusions: The Present of Urban AI and the Future of Cities Federico Cugurullo, Federico Caprotti, Matthew Cook, Andrew Karvonen, Pauline McGuirk and Simon Marvin


    Federico Cugurullo is Assistant Professor in Smart and Sustainable Urbanism at Trinity College Dublin.

    Federico Caprotti is Professor of Human Geography at the University of Exeter, UK..

    Matthew Cook is Professor of Innovation at the Open University, UK.

    Andrew Karvonenis Professor of Urban Design and Planning at Lund University, Sweden.

    Pauline McGuirk is Senior Professor in Urban Geography at the University of Wollongong, Australia.

    Simon Marvin is Professor of Urban Geography at the University of Sheffield's Urban Institute, UK.

    "One of the great puzzles of modernity involves the way new technologies change the very systems that spawn them. Artificial Intelligence and the City brings together a diverse array of ideas that show how digital developments from autonomous vehicles, drones and robots to platform economies and predictive policing, are changing the way we behave and the regulations we are inventing to contain them. This is the first book to provide an integrated picture of the new landscape of urban artificial intelligences, one that we will all need to navigate on the road to the future. Essential reading for all who are attempting to understand the critical challenges of AI."

    Michael Batty, Bartlett Professor of Planning, University College London

    "The advent of generative AI and deep learning algorithms has undercut and transcended the concept and technical practice of the so-called smart city. With Artificial Intelligence and the City the shift from smart ontologies to AI logics of the urban is explored across multiple case studies, from urban drones to autonomous vehicles in the city. A timely and important intervention."

    Louise Amoore, Professor of Political Geography, Durham University.

    "Artificial intelligence is transforming the socio-technical characteristics of cities under late modernity. This vital collection of essays presents multiple vantage points from which to reflect on emerging articulations between AI and urban space."

    Matthew Gandy, Professor of Geography, University of Cambridge.

    "By departing from the polemic that typifies explorations of artificial intelligences, this book is a well-structured and thoughtfully curated volume on the interrelationships between AI and cities. This welcome departure from smart urbanism explores the textures of urban AI at varying scales and geographic contexts, and offers the reader many stories of caution and hope by exploring, not only how the city is influenced by autonomous vehicles, robotics, platforms and algorithms, but also how it reframes and reorders these socio-technical relations."

    Nancy Odendaal, Professor in City Planning, University of Cape Town

    "This timely book provides a comprehensive and thought-provoking analysis of urban AI, examining in detail the workings and implications of autonomous vehicles, robotics, and AI-enabled platforms and services for city life. Richly illustrated with case studies, it is an essential guide to our emerging sentient cities."

    Rob Kitchin, Professor of Human Geography, Maynooth University

    "In this fantastic contribution to the field of Urban AI, the authors outline the plethora of issues pertaining to the era of urban artificial intelligence that is now upon us. They present the many ways in which AI and robotics have entered into urban spaces while reminding the reader that such techno-urban symbiosis is not new, and thus deserves careful consideration for the short and long term implications on the fabric of the city. For any reader interested in (sustainable) AI and the future of cities, this book is sure to open one's eyes to the many ways in which cities have become experimental testing sites for AI with implications for those living in cities, for the structure of the city, and for the future of AI."

    Aimee van Wynsberghe, Alexander von Humboldt Professor of Applied Ethics for AI, University of Bonn