Beneath the coastal waters of the world lie thousands of artificial reefs. Some are old and retired freighters and ships that once plied the oceans of the world but now serve as habitats for marine life. Others are newer reefs that have been designed and built for specific applications. With the field of aquatic habitat technology continually growing, this book responds to the global need for a compendium of consistent and reliable practices with which to evaluate how well artificial reefs meet their objectives.
Artificial Reef Evaluation With Application to Natural Marine Habitats is a comprehensive guide to the methods used to document the performance of artificial reefs in coastal and oceanic waters. It is the first volume to combine the essential disciplines required for proper evaluation, including engineering, economics, biology, and statistics.
This work covers the design of reef studies, multi-disciplinary methods of investigation, data analysis, and examples of applying the methods to reefs built for different purposes. Further, the methods examined in this book apply to other benthic marine habitats, such as coral reefs or “live bottoms”, thus expanding the book’s relevance to a wider audience and enhancing research efforts in the field of artificial habitat technology.
Purposes and Practices of Artificial Reef Evaluation. Study Design and Data Analysis Issues. Physical Characteristics and Engineering at Reef Sites. Evaluation Methods for Trophic Resource Factors: Nutrients, Primary Production and Associated Assemblages. Fish and Macroinvertebrate Evaluation Methods. Social and Economic Valuation Methods. Integrating Evaluation Into Reef Project Planning. Index.