Through a series of detailed case studies from East Asia, Arup, one of the global leaders in tall building design, presents the latest developments in the field to inspire more innovative and sustainable ideas in tall building design and engineering.
This book exhibits the key design aspects of tall buildings in 20 case studies, from China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Vietnam and Japan. Chapters cover design and construction, safety concerns, sustainability strategies, BIM and optimisation solutions, and include contributions from the actual project engineers. The projects chosen are not the tallest buildings, but all of them have been selected for their significant engineering insights and values. Arup’s engineers explain the design principles, and how they overcame various design constraints and challenges, while exceeding their clients’ expectations.
Unique examples include:
These varied and complex cases studies draw on multi-disciplinary design and engineering challenges which make this book essential reading for architects, structural engineers, project managers and researchers of high-rise buildings. The book also provides a usual reference and link between practitioners in the industry, academia and engineering students.
Overview of the book and Arup’s building design philosophy.
By: Dr Goman Ho (Arup Fellow in Tall Buildings)
Foreword 1 - By: Mr Michael Kwok, Arup East Asia Chairman
Foreword 2 - By: Prof. You-Lin Xu, Dean of Faculty of Construction and Environment
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Tall buildings are viewed as a symbol of a city’s socio-economic power and the source of pride of its people; they are becoming increasingly tall and peculiar in shape. How can we realise height?
Highlight: A patented hybrid outrigger system to achieve 9.4 slenderness ratio in two 350m tall buildings. Also a 280m long seismically isolated glass-clad conservatory floating 265m above the ground.
Highlight: 597m tall building in high seismicity region, supported by four steel mega columns, perimeter cross-bracing and belt truss.
Highlight: Vertical pre-stressing with belt truss and outrigger to realize a reinforced concrete building with an aspect ratio of 12.
Tall buildings, especially those in iconic shape, often suffer from high construction cost. As designers and engineers, what are we doing to facilitate construction, reduce construction time and cost?
Highlight: Joining two 75m long cantilever steelwork from two inclined towers at 162m above ground; wind, temperature, stress built in the two inclined towers all matter.
Highlight: Tallest building in Vietnam upon completion. Difficult ground conditions, large scale of the project, fast-paced programme all pose challenges to the pile design and construction.
Highlight: Soft soil and deep stiff strata resulting a foundation system with 941 nos. hundred meter long 1m diameter fiction piles.
Highlight: The curvatures along this 530m tall building yield to 20 thousands unique irregular façade panels; Arup rationalized them to a thousand.
Today tall buildings are often cities within a city, embracing all major functions of a city – office, hotel, retail, residential etc. But how to make the best use of space and make them all function well together, vertically?
Highlight: Effective vertical transportation strategy to achieve high handling capacity with minimum space.
Highlight: Mixed-use tower has different MEP requirements at different building zones. Optimization is crucial to ensure maximum rentable area.
Many people are afraid of getting trapped in a tall building during a fire / earthquake / super-typhoon / terrorist attack etc. Are our tall buildings designed safe enough?
Highlight: Structural fire engineering explains the possible interaction between different structural members during fire, allowing us to go beyond the prescriptive design codes.
Highlight: An innovative "self-mass damper" system which transfers the floor slabs to mass dampers to ensure no collapse in 1 in a 1000-year earthquake in Tokyo.
By: Ryota Kidokoro (Associate)
Highlight: The first Chinese lift-assisted evacuation strategy reducing the evacuation time by almost 40% in this 101-storey building.
Highlight: Apart from ensuring the tall building is safe in typhoon and earthquake, we also adopted motion simulator to help client determine the comfort criteria.
Tall buildings are a major source of carbon emissions in cities due to energy consumption in their heating, cooling and ventilation systems. They also have adverse effect on the microclimate. How can we minimise their environmental impact and unleash their potential environmental advantages?
Highlight: Strategies to make a 25-years old building save 27% of water and 8% energy consumption.
Highlight: Specific challenges in making a 599m super tall building "green" and Arup’s solutions.
Highlight: A LEED-CS Platinum project not only benefits the building owner and users, but also the community. How?
Latest tools and methods in tall building design.
Highlight: Implementing BIM from very beginning of the design stage for better design coordination and quicker design calculation.
Highlight: Parametric design has enabled automatic design process and optimized structural solutions.
Arup integrated design approach bringing synergy to the tall building.
Highlight:An integrated effort by Arup’s structural and building services engineers, specialists in fire, seismic and wind, and lighting designers has realized the most elegant TV tower in the world.
Highlight: This mega-project took four years to design and construct; without the multi-disciplinary and global Arup team, this is impossible.