We are just beginning to discover the importance of vitamin C in the health of natural and man-made ecosystems. Synthesis of ascorbic acid is well understood, but algae as the only source of ascorbate in the aquatic food pyramid has not been explored. There is an expanding field of the culture of aquatic organisms that demand formulated feeds to best meet their requirements for health, growth, and reproduction. With over 100 species now cultured for human consumption, the question arises as to whether we have reliable information for the dietary needs for vitamin C for even a small percentage of these organisms.
A comprehensive approach to the role of vitamin C at the cellular level as well as in the aquatic food chains, this book discusses growth and reproduction, disease resistance, and toxicology of aquatic organisms.
Ascorbic Acid in Aquatic Organisms was written as the offshoot of a special session on aquatic organisms and practical aquaculture at the 1998 World Aquaculture Society (WAS) meeting.
This book reviews the research already available and identifies new directions for research. It is a unique combination of good nutrition research, ecology, and practical aquaculture (for instance brine shrimp enrichment). This interdisciplinary volume will appeal to marine fish culturists, aquatic biologists, comparative and evolutionary cellular physiologists, and environmental toxicologists.
Table of Contents
Preface. Albert Szent-Gyorgyi and the Nature of Life. Glen King and the Henry Loren Family. Analytical Enigmas in Assaying for Vitamers C. Gulonolactone Oxidase Presence in Fishes, Activity and Significance. Critical Review of the Requirements of Ascorbic Acid in Cold and Cool Water Fishes (Salmonoids, Percids, Plecoglossids and Flatfishes). Ascorbic Acid Requirement in Freshwater and Marine Fish. Is There a Difference?
Requirements of L-ascorbic Acid in a Viviparous Marine Teleost, Korean Rockfish. Vitamin C Requirement in Crustaceans. Dietary Requirements for Ascorbic Acid by Warmwater Fish. The Impact of Mironutrients on the Requirement of Ascorbic Acid in Crustaceans and Fish. The Role of Ascorbic Acid and Its Derivates in Resistance to Environmental and Dietary Toxicity of Aquatic Organisms. The Effect of Ascorbic Acid on the Immune Response in Fish. Critical Review of the Concentration, Interactions with Other Nutrients, and Transfer of Ascorbic Acid in Algae, Crustaceans and Fish. Live Food Mediated Vitamin C Transfer in Sea Bass (Dicentrachus Labrax, L.) First Feeding. In Vitro Methods and Results of Ascorbic Acid Absorption in Epithelial Tissues of Fish. Critical Review of the Effects of Ascorbic Acid on Fish Behavior. Past, Present and Future of Ascorbic Acid Research in Aquatic Organisms.