When a country emerges from violent conflict, the management of the environment and natural resources has important implications for short-term peacebuilding and long-term stability, particularly if natural resources were a factor in the conflict, play a major role in the national economy, or broadly support livelihoods. Only recently, however, have the assessment, harnessing, and restoration of the natural resource base become essential components of postconflict peacebuilding.
This book, by thirty-five authors, examines the experiences of more than twenty countries and territories in assessing post-conflict environmental damage and natural resource degradation and their implications for human health, livelihoods, and security. The book also illustrates how an understanding of both the risks and opportunities associated with natural resources can help decision makers manage natural resources in ways that create jobs, sustain livelihoods, and contribute to economic recovery and reconciliation, without creating new grievances or significant environmental degradation. Finally, the book offers lessons from the remediation of environmental hot spots, restoration of damaged ecosystems, and reconstruction of the environmental services and infrastructure necessary for a sustainable peace.
Assessing and Restoring Natural Resources in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding is part of a global initiative to identify and analyze lessons in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management. The project has generated six books of case studies and analyses, with contributions by practitioners, policy makers, and researchers. Other books address highvalue resources, land, water, livelihoods, and governance.
Table of Contents
Foreword Klaus Töpfer Placing Environment and Natural Resource Risks, Impacts, and Opportunities on the Post-Conflict Peacebuilding Agenda David Jensen, Steve Lonergan Part 1: Post-Conflict Environmental Assessments Introduction 1. Evaluating the Impact of UNEP’s Post-Conflict Environmental Assessments David Jensen 2. Environment and Peacebuilding in War-torn Societies: Lessons from the UN Environment Programme’s Experience with Post-Conflict Assessment Ken Conca, Jennifer Wallace 3. Medical and Environmental Intelligence in Peace and Crisis-Management Operations Birgitta Liljedahl, Annica Waleij, Björn Sandström, Louise Simonsson 4. Thinking Back-end: Improving Post-Conflict Analysis through Consulting, Adapting to Change, and Scenario Building Alexander Carius, Achim Maas Part 2: Remediation of Environmental Hot Spots Introduction 5. Salting the Earth: Environmental Health Challenges in Post-Conflict Reconstruction Chad Briggs, Inka Weissbecker 6. Remediation of Polluted Sites in the Balkans, Iraq, and Sierra Leone Muralee Thummarukudy, Oli Brown, Hannah Moosa 7. The Risks of Depleted Uranium Contamination in Post-Conflict Countries: Findings and Lessons learned from UNEP Field Assessments Mario Burger 8. Linking Demining to Post-Conflict Peacebuilding: A Case Study of Cambodia Nao Shimoyachi-Yuzawa Part 3: Restoration of Natural Resources and Ecosystems Introduction 9. Restoration of Damaged Land in Societies Recovering from Conflict: The Case of Lebanon Aïda Tamer-Chammas 10. Ecological Restoration and Peacebuilding: The Case of the Iraqi Marshes Steve Lonergan 11. Haiti: Lessons Learned and Way Forward in Natural Resource Management Projects Lucile Gingembre 12. Peacebuilding and Adaptation to Climate Change Richard Matthew, Anne Hammill Part 4: Environmental Dimensions of Infrastructure and Reconstruction Introduction 13. Addressing Infrastructure Needs in Post-Conflict Reconstruction: An Introduction to Alternative Planning Approaches P. B. Anand 14. Mitigating the Environmental Impacts of Post-Conflict Assistance: Assessing USAID's Approach Charles Kelly 15. Challenges and Opportunities for Mainstreaming Environmental Assessment Tools in Post-Conflict Settings George Bouna 16. Environmental Assessment as a Tool for Peacebuilding and Development: Initial Lessons from Capacity Building in Sierra Leone Oli Brown, Morgan Hauptfleisch, Haddijatou Jallow, and Peter Tarr 17. Natural Resources, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, and Regional Integration: Lessons from the Marshall Plan and other Regional Reconstruction Efforts Carl Bruch, Ross Wolfarth, Vladislav Michalcik 18. Making Best use of Domestic Energy Sources: The Priority Production System for Coal Mining and Steel Production in Post–World War II Japan Mikiyasu Nakayama 19. Road Infrastructure Reconstruction as a Peacebuilding Priority in Afghanistan: Negative Implications for Land Rights Jon Unruh, Mourad Shalaby 20. Evaluating Post-Conflict Assistance Suppiramaniam Nanthikesan and Juha I. Uitto Part 5: Lessons Learned 21. Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Restoration, Remediation, and Reconstruction: Lessons and Way Forward David Jensen, Steve Lonergan
David Jensen manages the Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding Programme of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).
Steve Lonergan is a Professor Emeritus of Geography at the University of Victoria and former director of the UNEP Division of Early Warning and Assessment.