The crisis in Europe is often discussed as a crisis of European integration or a crisis of national economies within Europe. Both the ‘methodological Europeanism’ and ‘methodological nationalism’ miss out the important links between economic and political processes at different spatial scales within Europe, and therefore, asymmetries and phenomena of uneven development. In addition, a discussion of possible scenarios which systematically addresses the implications of anti-crisis policies is missing.
This volume seeks to close this gap by systematically integrating the analysis of economic policy or ‘technical’ solutions to the crisis within a broader framework of political economy. It argues that combining critical political economy approaches and post-Keynesian perspectives allows for a systematic understanding of the economic and political dimensions of the crisis. Although both approaches have the capacity to deal with asymmetries and uneven development, the heterogeneity in Europe has been an often largely neglected dimension of analysis. However, this recent crisis has shown that this is an essential dimension which has to be addressed in order to better understand the dynamics of European development and integration. Hence, this book aims to deal with asymmetries in Europe and to bridge the gap between the two perspectives.
This work will initiate an integrative debate that is crucial for a deeper understanding of the current crisis and is an important resource for all students and scholars of IPE, European political economy and European politics.
Introduction: Debating the future of Europe: Critical Political Economy and Post-Keynesian Perspectives, Johannes Jäger and Elisabeth Springler Part I: The European crisis in a global perspective Chapter 1: The Crisis of European Integration and Economic Reason: Orthodoxy versus Heterodoxy Magnus Ryner Chapter 2: Linking a Post-Keynesian approach to Critical Political Economy: Debt-driven growth, export-driven growth and the crisis in Europe, Engelbert Stockhammer and Karsten Köhler Chapter 3: Banking or Macroeconomic Regulation? Cross-border issues in the EU crisis, Jan Toporowski Part II: The uneven nature of European Integration, European crisis, and crisis management, Chapter 4: The European Crisis and the Rise of German Power Alan Cafruny, Chapter 5: Uneven and dependent development in Europe: The crisis and its implications Joachim Becker, Johannes Jäger and Rudy Weissenbacher Chapter 6: Uneven development and ‘European crisis constitutionalism’, or: the reasons for and conditions of a ‘passive revolution in trouble’ Hans-Jürgen Bieling Chapter 7: Enhancing ‘Competitiveness’ in Response to the European Crisis: A Wrong and Dangerous Obsession, Angela Wigger Chapter 8: Confronting the failure of the European Monetary Union, Heiner Flassbeck and Costas Lapavitsas Part III: Possible futures Chapter 9: Which future for Europe? A Scenario Analysis of European Integration,Torsten Niechoj Chapter 10: Social Europe and the Crisis of the European Union, John Grahl Chapter 11: From New Constitutionalism to Authoritarian Constitutionalism: New Economic Governance and the State of European Democracy, Lukas Oberndorfer Chapter 12: Labour and the crisis in Europe, Mònica Clua-Losada and Laura Horn Conclusion
'The crisis in the Eurozone lays bare a range of problems that go way beyond the issues of Greek debt or political paralysis at the European level. This extremely timely collection of contributions from post-Keynesian and more radical perspectives offers an excellent overview of the main issues at stake and of the factors making the future of the European integration project such a black hole of uncertainty. A must-read for anyone concerned with the social and political fall-out of the desperate attempt to salvage the neo/ordo-liberal Euro project.' - Emeritus Professor Henk Overbeek, VU University Amsterdam
'This is a most welcome book placing the unfolding of the sovereign debt crisis and the crisis of the Euro-zone within the context of the structural imbalances characterising the EMU from the onset. It is argued that the crisis was the catalyst of the structural differences of the different Euro-area members States, ensuing from their asymmetries and uneven development. These were exacerbated by the neo-liberal nature of the process of European integration and by the way in which the Economic and Monetary Union was originally devised and implemented. The crisis cannot therefore be imputed solely to the inadequacy of national economic and fiscal policies. If anything, it confirmed the lack of sustainability of a structurally asymmetric monetary union in the wake of an extremely serious economic shock. This book addresses the above issues in a convincing and critical way, featuring an impressive list of very established contributors and providing for a new understanding of the recent events of the Euro-area.' - Professor Leila Simona Talani, King's College London, UK
'This is a book of readings that is of great value to the students of both political economy and of economics. It attempts to build bridges across different theoretical approaches that share common philosophical foundations in the heterodoxy of the social sciences. In particular, the roots, dynamics and prospects of critical political economy approaches, on the one hand, and of post-Keynesian perspectives, on the other, are discussed and applied in the case of the EU and the crisis triggered by finance in 2007/2008, which acquired a morphosis of its own in the European context. Special attention is given to the asymmetries of the European construction or economic imbalances, as they might also be construed. Overall, this is a book that provides a much needed synthetic view of developments in Europe not only across the economic, social and political spectrum, but also across different albeit symbiotic theoretical perspectives.' - Marcia Frangakis, economist, member of the Board of the Nicos Poulantzas Institute