In this first attempt to evaluate Ataturk's overall contribution to the modernization of Turkey, this book examines his impact on Turkey's political culture and civil bureaucracy; his experiments with state intervention in the economy; and his attempts to reform Turkish law, education, and language.
Part 1: Kemalist Ideology 1. The Kemalist Regime and Modernization: Some Comparative and Analytical Remarks 2. Prelude to Reforms: Mustafa Kemal in Libya 3. The Origins of Kemalist Ideology 4. Ataturk's Quest for Modernism Part 2: Political Culture and Bureaucracy 5. The Political Culture of Kemalist Turkey 6. The Impact of Ataturk on Turkey's Political Culture since World War II 7. Ataturk and the Civil Bureaucracy 8. Continuity and Change in Turkish Bureaucracy: The Kemalist Period and after Part 3: Social and Economic Issues 9. Kemalist Views on Social Change 10. The Traditional and the Modern in the Economy of Kemalist Turkey: The Experience of the 1920s 11. Ataturk's Etatism Part 4: Westernism and Culture 12. The Modernization of Education in Kemalist Turkey 13. Ataturk's Language Reform as an Aspect of Modernization in the Republic of Turkey 14. Ataturk and the Arts, with Special Reference to Music and Theater 15. Ataturk's Legacy: Westernism in Contemporary Turkey Part 5: Perceptions of Kemalism 16. The Kemalist Reform of Turkish Law and Its Impact 17. Kemalism as an Ideology of Modernization