Atlantic Crossroads : Webs of Migration, Culture and Politics between Europe, Africa and the Americas, 1800–2020 book cover
1st Edition

Atlantic Crossroads
Webs of Migration, Culture and Politics between Europe, Africa and the Americas, 1800–2020

Edited By

José Moya

ISBN 9780367699871
Published May 11, 2021 by Routledge
388 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Unlike most books on the Atlantic that associate its history with European colonialism and thus end in 1800, this volume demonstrates that the Atlantic connections not only outlasted colonialism, they also reached unprecedented levels in postcolonial times, when the Atlantic truly became the world’s major crossroads and dominant economy. Twice as many Europeans entered New York, Buenos Aires, and São Paulo in 3 years on the eve of WWI as had arrived in all the New World during 300 years of colonial rule. Transatlantic ties surged again with mass movements from the West Indies, Latin America, and Africa to North America and Western Europe from the 1960s to the present. 

As befits a transnational subject, the 24 contributors in this volume come from 14 different countries. Over half of the chapters are co-authored, an exceptional level of scholarly collaboration, and all but two are explicitly comparative. Comparisons include Congo and Yoruba slaves in Brazil, Irish and Italian mercenaries and adventurers in the New World, German Lutherans in Canada and Argentina, Spanish laborers in Algeria and Cuba, the diasporic nationalism of ethnic groups without nation states, and the transatlantic politics of fascism and anti-fascism in the interwar. Overall, the volume shows the Atlantic World’s distinctiveness rested not on the level or persistence of colonial control but on the density and longevity of human migrations and the resulting high levels of social and cultural contact, circulation, connection, and mixing.  

This title will appeal to students and researchers in the fields of Atantic and global history, migration, diaspora, slavery, ethnicity, nationalism, citizenship, politics, anthropology, and area studies.

Table of Contents

Part 1: The Longue Durée

1 The Making and Remaking of the Atlantic World, 1400-2020

José C. Moya

Part 2: Mass Crossings, 1800-1930

2 The African Presence in Brazil

João José Reis and Roquinaldo Ferreira

3 Fighting Someone Else’s Wars? Italian and Irish Soldiers, Adventurers and Mercenaries in the New World, 1776-1876

Carmine Pinto and José Brownrigg-Gleeson Mártinez

4 Polish and Ukrainian Transatlantic Nationalisms, 1860-1940

Adam Walaszek and Serge Cipko

5 Forging Basque and Catalan Nationalism in the New World

Oscar Álvarez Gila and Alejandro Fernández

6 Transatlantic Religion: German Lutheran Missionaries in Canada and Argentina, 1880-1930

Benjamin Bryce

7 Migrants between Two Empires: Spanish day laborers in Cuba and Algeria, 1890-1900

Jeanne Moisand

Part 3: Transatlantic Politics, 1920s-1940s

8 Fascism and Anti-Fascism among Italians in Argentina and the US

Fraser Ottanelli and Michael Goebel

9 Salazarism and Anti-Salazarism among Portuguese Immigrants in Brazil & the US, 1930-1950

Alberto Pena Rodríguez and Heloisa Paulo

10 The Spanish Falange in Mexico, 1937-1942

Ricardo Pérez Montfort

11 For a New Cuba and a New Spain: Popular Cuban Antifascism and the Spanish Civil War

Ariel Mae Lambe

Part 4: The Revival of Mass Crossings, 1950-2020

12 Colonial and Postcolonial Transatlantic Migrations in the British, Dutch, and French Caribbean

Marlou Schrover

13 Transatlantic Loyalties towards the Family through Labor, Care and the Nation: A Cape Verdean Perspective

Heike Drotbohm

14 Chilean and Sahrawi Exiles: Contesting Colonial Legacies and Constructing Political Projects in Cold War and Post-Colonial Worlds

Tara Deubel and Jadwiga E. Pieper Mooney

15 From Receiver to Sender: The Argentine Diaspora in Europe and the Americas

Elda González Martínez, Asunción Merino Hernando, and Pablo Yankelevich

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José C. Moya is a professor of history at Barnard College, Columbia University, and Emeritus Professor at UCLA. He has taught or lectured in a score of universities worldwide and authored over fifty publications on migrations, labor, anarchism, and global history, translated into eight languages.