First published in 1998. This is the only up to date English language work which seeks to assess the whole of the post war Austrian experience in the light of the latest research, using a multi-disciplinary approach by historians, political scientists, economists, international relations specialists and literary historians. It is addressed not only to specialists in Austrian affairs, but also to studies and scholars concerned with the evaluation of small democracies, their place in an integrated continent and the shape of post-Communist Central Europe.
The formative first few decades of the Second Republic are reassessed in four contributions: analysis of the key actors and events involved in the genesis of post war state; of the activities of Karl Renner’s first coalition government; of how tensions regarding Austrian identity were played out in post-war literature and of the competing domestic and superpower perceptions of Austria’s fledging neutrality.
Part 1: The Genesis of the Second Republic 1. The Origins of the Second Republic: a retrospective view Erika Weinzierl 2. The Renner State Government and Austrian Sovereignty Robert Knight 3. Austrian Identity in the Schizophrenic Age: Hilde Spiel and the Literary Politics of Exile and Reintegration Edward Timms 4. Superpower perceptions of Austrian Neutrality Post-1955 Oliver Rathkolb Part 2: Society and Politics 5. The Development of Austrian National Identity Ernst Bruckmuller 6. Austrian Political Culture: From Subject to Participate Orientation Anton Pelinka 7. From Accommodation to Competition: The ‘Normalization’ of the Second Republic’s Party System? Kurt Richard Luther Part 3: External Relations 8. Austrian Foreign Policy from the State Treaty to European Union Membership (1955-95) Helmut Kramer 9. Austria and its Immediate Neighbours: Hungary Lazlo J. Kiss 10. Austria’s New Neighbours: The Slovenian Perspective Walter Lukan 11. Austria in Search for its Place in a Changing World: From Between the Blocs to Full Western Integration? Hanspeter Neuhold Part 4: Whither Austria? 12. Between Collectivism and Liberalism: The Political Evolution of Austria Since 1945 Peter Pulzer