To shed light on the global reassertion of authoritarianism in recent years, this volume analyses transnational diffusion and international cooperation among non-democratic regimes. How and with what effect do authoritarian regimes learn from each other? For what purpose and how successfully do they cooperate? The volume highlights that present-day autocrats pursue mainly pragmatic interests, rather than ideological missions. Consequently, the connections among authoritarian regimes have primarily defensive purposes, especially insulation against democracy promotion by the West. As a result, the authors do not foresee a major recession of democracy, as occurred with the rise of fascism during the interwar years.
The chapters in this book were originally published in a special issue of Democratization.
1. Autocratic diffusion and cooperation: the impact of interests vs. ideology
2. Fascism’s missionary ideology and the autocratic wave of the interwar years
3. Hugo Chávez and the diffusion of Bolivarianism
Carlos de la Torre
4. Creating the enemy, constructing the threat: the diffusion of repression against the Muslim Brotherhood in the Middle East
5. Illiberal democracy in Hungary: authoritarian diffusion or domestic causation?
6. The limited reach of authoritarian powers
7. The study of authoritarian diffusion and cooperation: comparative lessons on interests versus ideology, nowadays and in history
The journal, Democratization, emerged in 1994, during ‘the third wave of democracy’, a period which saw democratic transformation of dozens of regimes around the world. Over the last decade or so, the journal has published a number of special issues as books, each of which has focused upon cutting edge issues linked to democratization. Collectively, they underline the capacity of democratization to induce debate, uncertainty, and perhaps progress towards better forms of politics, focused on the achievement of the democratic aspirations of men and women everywhere.