The chapters of this book describe numerous successful examples of automation in microbiology, e.g., radiometric detection of bacteremia, instruments for detection of bacteriuria, machines for organism identification and susceptibility testing, and automated antigen and antibody measurement systems. In addition, there are discussions of exciting but not yet proven methodologies such as chromatography, flow cytometry, and other applications of radiometry. There are also important discussions regarding improved means of data communication and ways to improve the clinician‘s use of test results. Lastly, there are candid assessments of the best and worst aspects of the current spectrum of automated instruments for microbiology. It is hoped that the reader of this volume will be left with a feeling of excitement at the possibilities that lie ahead for application of instrument techniques in the diagnosis of infectious diseases.
1. The Evolving Role of Automation in Clinical Microbiology 2. Instrumented Approaches to Performing Blood Cultures 3. Instrument Methods for Detection of Bacteriuria 4. Radiometric Detection, Identification, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Mycobacteria 5. Overnight Automated Identification Systems 6. Rapid Automated Identification Systems 7. Instrument Systems which Utilize a Conventional Incubation Period 8. Instrument Systems which Provide Rapid Antibiotic Susceptibility Results 9. Automation of Antigen Detection in Infectious Disease Diagnosis 10. Immunoassays for Measurement of Antimicrobial Agents in Body Fluids 11. Instrument-Based Serodiagnostic Methods 12. Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry 13. Use of Laboratory Computer Systems to Facilitate reporting of Instrument-Generated Microbiology Results 14. The Role of Microcomputers for Data Analysis and Storage 15. Accomplishments of Current Automated Microbiology Instruments 16. The Shortcomings of Current Automation in Clinical Microbiology 17. Physician Acceptance and Application of Rapid Microbiology Instrument Test Results 18. Future Development of Automated Instruments for Microbiology