Baal and the Politics of Poetry provides a thoroughly new interpretation of the Ugaritic Baal Cycle that simultaneously inaugurates an innovative approach to studying ancient Near Eastern literature within the political context of its production. The book argues that the poem, written in the last decades of the Bronze Age, takes aim at the reigning political-theological norms of its day and uses the depiction of a divine world to educate its audience about the nature of human politics. By attuning ourselves to the specific historical context of this one poem, we can develop more nuanced appreciation of how poetry, politics, and religion have interacted—in antiquity, and beyond.
"Aaron Tugendhaft's book comes as a very welcome contribution. For he means to overturn the standard interpretation of the well-known ancient Ugaritic poem about the god Ba'al, which sees it as a myth establishing the kingship of Ba'al in heaven, bringing cosmic order by defeating the enemy deities who would disrupt it. For Tugendhaft, rather, the poem is a meditation on kingship, divine as well as human, and its limitations; it has an open ending, leaving the establishment of a firm sovereignty, whether of Ba'al or another deity, up in the air. Tugendhaft makes a compelling case, which should provoke serious discussion. Based on an insightful scrutiny of the ancient evidence, it is a case that, as he shows, is relevant on a much wider scale as well: indeed, for the very nature of myth in modern as well as ancient culture."
- Peter Machinist, Harvard University, USA
"[a] fascinating book"
- Eric Schliesser, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, Digressions & Impressions blog: http://digressionsnimpressions.typepad.com/digressionsimpressions/2017/11/on-the-first-political-philosopher-ilimilku-of-ugarit.html
"Not only learned but incredibly well-written"
- Christopher B. Hays, Fuller Theological Seminary, USA
"Baal and the Politics of Poetry offers a persuasive and nuanced interpretation of the Baal Cycle. Tugendhaft does an excellent job of re-embedding the Baal Cycle in its historical context with his frequent and illuminating references to administrative and diplomatic texts from the Late Bronze Age … Tugendhaft is to be congratulated for significantly advancing the scholarship on the Baal Cycle."
- Aren M. Wilson-Wright, Universität Zürich, Switzerland, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2018
Chapter 1: Baal and the Modern Study of Myth
Chapter 2: The Baal Cycle and Bronze Age Politics
Chapter 3: Divine Combat as Political Discourse at Mari
Chapter 4: The Politics of Time
Chapter 5: Unsettling Sovereignty
Chapter 6: Kinship Contested
Appendix: The Envoy Scene (Ktu 1.2 I)
The Ancient Word is dedicated to publishing exciting, broadly relevant new research in ancient Near Eastern and biblical studies. Each book represents an advance both philologically, in our understanding of ancient sources, and intellectually, in providing fresh ways to think about what the remote past means. Herder once imagined an "archive of paradise" containing the first writing in the world from its oldest civilization: primordial texts holding the keys to understanding our formation. In unearthing the remains of the ancient Near East, we have something like this archive - but it remains mostly unread. Herder's bold search has been replaced with safer techniques, from sweeping theories of oral vs. literate societies to reductive legitimation theories that boil culture down to power. This series showcases fresh work that helps unlock this archive's potential.