1st Edition

Bacterial Cellulose Production, Scale-up, and Applications

    185 Pages 22 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This reference book provides updated information on the production and industrial significance of bacterial cellulose. Bacterial cellulose is a natural fiber produced by certain microbes, mainly bacteria which belong to the Acetobacter genera. The book discusses its applications in different industrial sectors, such as food, pharmaceutical, energy, and wastewater treatment. It covers the production of cellulose from conventional and renewable feedstock and includes topics such as downstream processing, characterization, and chemical modification of bacterial cellulose.


    • Addresses the challenges of the production technologies of bacterial cellulose up to pilot scale
    • Discusses cost-effective green processes using agri-processing residues and medium formulation
    • Includes efficient preparation of nanocomposites using in vitro and in vivo methods
    • Provides the latest applications of bacterial cellulose in the food and pharmaceuticals fields
    • Reviews the production of bacterial cellulose from conventional feedstock such as sugars and starches

    This book is designed for industry experts and researchers of applied microbiology, bioprocesses, and industrial microbiology.

    1. Bacterial Cellulose—Introduction

    Carlos Ricardo Soccol, Luiz Alberto Junior Letti, Susan Grace Karp, Cristine Rodrigues, Vanete Thomaz-Soccol, Júlio Cesar de Carvalho, Leonardo Wedderhoff Herrmann, Alexander da Silva Vale, and Adenise Lorenci Woiciechowski

    2. Production of Bacterial Cellulose from Conventional Feedstock

    Adenise Lorenci Woiciechowski, Rafaela de Oliviera Penha, Thamarys Scapini, Susan Grace Karp, Cristine Rodrigues, Júlio Cesar de Carvalho, Vanete Thomaz-Soccol, Walter José Martinez-Burgos, and Carlos Ricardo Soccol

    3. Bacterial Cellulose Production from Renewable Feedstock

    Hrudayanath Thatoi and Sandesh Behera

    4. Strategies for Scale-up of Bacterial Cellulose Production

    Anu Radha, Vivek Kumar Ahluwalia, Amit Kumar Rai, Sunita Varjani, Raveendran Sindhu, Parameswaran Binod, Saurabh Saran, Vinod Kumar and Ashok Pandey

    5. Downstream Process for Bacterial Cellulose Production

    Júlio Cesar de Carvalho, Luiz Alberto Junior Letti, Leonardo Wedderhoff Herrmann, Alexander da Silva Vale, Walter José Martínez-Burgos, Rafaela de Oliveira Penha, Thamarys Scapini, and Carlos Ricardo Soccol

    6. Characterization and Storage of Bacterial Cellulose

    Aida Fadakar Sarkandi and Majid Montazer

    7. Chemical Modification of Bacterial Cellulose for Industrial Applications

    Anupreet Kaur Sobti, Vasudha Bansal, and Nitya Sharma

    8. Preparation of Bacterial Cellulose Composite in Situ Processes

    Amitabh Aharwar, Archana Bhaskar, Dharmendra Kumar Parihar, Anil Kumar Patel, and Reeta Rani Singhania

    9. Application of Bacterial Cellulose as Polymer Matrices

    Olga Psaki, Mirva Sarafidou, and Apostolis Koutinas

    10. Application of Bacterial Cellulose in the Food Industry

    Yogita V. Chavan, Parmjit S. Panesar, and Vikas Kumar

    11. Application of Bacterial Cellulose in the Pharmaceuticals Industry

    Farheen Khan, Vartika Srivastava, Bhoomika Varshney, Vinod Pravin Sharma, and Ashok Pandey

    12. Applications of Bacterial Cellulose in Biomedical Sector

    Manoj Kumar, Ashok Pandey, Vinod Kumar, and Saurabh Saran


    Vinod Kumar, PhD, is a Scientist at the Fermentation and Microbial Biotechnology Division, CSIR—Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu, India. He earned a PhD at the University of Delhi. Dr. Kumar was awarded the EPFL Visiting Fellowship in 2016.

    Saurabh Saran, PhD, is a Principal Scientist at the CSIR—Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu, India. He earned a PhD at Delhi University, India. He works on strain engineering, strain development, biotransformation using CYP 450, upstream and downstream processing of different fermentation processes, and applications of these molecules in various industries.

    Ashok Pandey, PhD, is currently a Distinguished Scientist at the Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR—Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India, and Executive Director (Honorary) at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability, India. His major research and technological development interests include industrial and environmental biotechnology, energy biosciences, focusing on biomass to biofuels and chemicals, waste to wealth and energy, and industrial enzymes.

    Carlos Ricardo Soccol, PhD, is the Research Group Leader of the Department of Bioprocesses Engineering and Biotechnology (DEBB) at the Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Brazil. Professor Soccol is an expert in bioprocesses, biological engineering, industrial biotechnology, green fuels technology, applied microbiology, and fermentation technology.