1st Edition

Baldwin I of Jerusalem, 1100-1118

By Susan Edgington Copyright 2019
    220 Pages
    by Routledge

    220 Pages
    by Routledge

    Baldwin of Boulogne was born the youngest of three sons and marked out for a clerical career, yet in turn he became a First Crusader, first Latin count of Edessa and the founder of the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem. Nevertheless, remarkably, he has never been the subject of a full-length biography. This study examines in detail the stages of Baldwin’s career, returning to the contemporary evidence to discover the qualities that enabled him not only to succeed his brother as ruler in 1100 but to maintain and expand the new kingdom of Jerusalem through the next eighteen years in the face of aggression from Muslim enemies and rivalry from fellow crusaders.

    List of maps

    List of abbreviations


    Note on translations

    1. First Crusader
      Baldwin the Younger Son
      The First Crusade
      The Journey to Constantinople
      Contacts with Byzantium
      The Oath to Alexios
      The Evidence

    2. Nicaea to Edessa
      The Siege of Nicaea
      The Battle of Dorylaeum
      Cilician Adventure or Cilician Campaign?
      Coming of Age

    3. Count of Edessa
      Why Edessa?
      The Invitation from Edessa
      The Coup
      Ruler of Edessa
      The Armenian Marriage
      Support for the Crusade
      Pilgrimage to Jerusalem

    4. Crisis in Jerusalem, 1100
      Bohemond’s Capture
      Godfrey’s Rule in Jerusalem
      Godfrey’s Title
      Godfrey’s Death
      The Succession Dispute
      Baldwin’s Journey to Jerusalem

    5. King of Jerusalem
      A Royal Progress
      Bohemond’s Captivity and Release
      Raymond of Saint-Gilles
      Daibert of Pisa
      The Failure of the Holy Fire, 1101
      Six Years Later

    6. Ecclesiastical Affairs
      The Patriarchate of Jerusalem
      Daibert of Pisa
      Baldwin’s Accession
      Patriarch Evremar (1102-1108)
      Patriarch Gibelin (1108-1112)
      Patriarch Arnulf (1112-1118)

    7. The Conquest of the Littoral
      The Situation at Baldwin’s Accession
      The Capture of Arsuf, 1101
      The Siege and Capture of Caesarea, 1101
      The Siege and Capture of Acre, 1104
      The Capture of Tripoli (1109) and Beirut (1110)
      The Capture of Sidon, 1110

    8. Fighting the Saracens
      The First Battle of Ramla, 1101
      Arrival of the ‘Crusade of 1101’
      The Second Battle of Ramla, 1102
      A Saracen Ambush, 1103
      The Third Battle of Ramla, 1105
      Ambushes and Raids

    9. The Army, Administration, and Allies
      The Army
      The Crusader States
      Edessa and Antioch
      Attacks by Mawdūd of Mosul, 1110-1113
      The Turkish Invasion of 1115

    10. Last Years and Legacy
      Into Arabia
      The Last Campaign
      The Funeral Procession
      Tomb and Epitaph
      Twelfth-Century Assessments of Baldwin
      William of Tyre
      Baldwin’s Marriages
      The Succession




    Susan B. Edgington is a teaching and research fellow at Queen Mary University of London. She has written extensively on many aspects of the crusades, but it is her close familiarity with the Latin sources for the period in question, 1095-1118, that uniquely qualifies her to write this biography. She is the editor and translator of Albert of Aachen’s Historia Ierosolimitana (Oxford, 2007); translator (with Thomas S. Asbridge) of Walter the Chancellor’s The Antiochene Wars (Aldershot, 1999); (with Carol Sweetenham) of The Chanson d’Antioche (Farnham, 2011); and (with Steven Biddlecombe) of Badric of Bourgueil’s History of the Jerusalemites (Woodbridge, forthcoming). Her critical comparison of the relationship of Bartolf of Nangis’ Gesta Francorum Iherusalem expugnantium with the chronicle of Fulcher of Chartres (Crusades 13, 2014) will lead to a new edition and translation of this important source.

    "Susan Edington has written a tremendously useful and welcome study of Baldwin and the history surrounding his tenure as Count of Edessa and subsequent accession to the royal title. Paying due attention both to the context of Baldwin's leadership and what the sources reveal about his character, Edgington presents new insights into the world of the First Crusade and its aftermath. The complex network of primary sources that describe the progress and memorialisation of the First Crusade and the creation of the Latin states of Outremer are dealt with deftly throughout."

    - Megan Cassidy-Welch, Sehepunkte


    "Edgington presents Baldwin I not as a good man, but rather a man who was good at being a king. Baldwin was the right man at the right time, and was exactly what the Kingdom of Jerusalem needed during its formative years. Similarly, this excellent biography, which brings together and expands upon many of the strands of the current research on Baldwin I, is exactly what scholars of the Latin East have needed."

    - Stephen Donnachie, University of Swansea