The great merchant port of Danzig, now Gdansk, is at the centre of this set of studies by Professor Maria Bogucka. Through it passed the greatest part of the trade that linked the West with Poland and the Baltic; from it the commercial culture of the West spread out into the towns of Poland, and with it new currents in religion and urban life, and from there it began to permeate the whole of Polish society. The studies in this volume examine both the social and economic sides of this process, looking at articles of commerce and trends in urbanization, as well as patterns of poor relief and gender relations. The author's aim is to analyse specific aspects of what happened in Poland, while situating these in the broader context of the development of early modern European society.
'… [Bogucka's] studies offer a wealth of historical information about a country whose language is not widely known abroad.' International Journal of Maritime History
Contents: Preface: Trade, money, credit in the Baltic region: Amsterdam and the Baltic in the first half of the 17th century; The monetary crisis of the XVIIth century and its social and psychological consequences in Poland; Le commerce de Gdansk avec la péninsule Iberique Ã la charnière du XVIe et du XVIIe siècle; The role of the Baltic trade in European development from the XVIth to the XVIIIth centuries; Some aspects of commercial relations within the Baltic Region on the example of Gdansk-Stockholm trade in 1643; Dutch merchants' activities in Gdansk in the first half of the XVIIth century; Towns and Townspeople: Towns in Poland and the Reformation. Analogies and differences with other countries; Les villes et le développement de la culture sur l'exemple de la Pologne aux XVIe-XVIIIe siècles; The towns of East-Central Europe from the 14th to the 17th century; The typology of Polish towns during the XVIth-XVIIIth centuries; Krakau-Warschau-Danzig. Funktionen und Wandel von Metropolen 1450-1650; Economic prosperity or recession and cultural patronage: the case of Gdansk in the XVIth-XVIIIth centuries; Health care and poor relief in Danzig (Gdansk): the 16th and first half of the 17th century; Town hall as symbol of power. Changes in the political and social functions of town hall in Gdansk till the end of the XVIIIth century; Social order, customs, mentality: MentalitÃ¤t der BÃ¼rger von Gdansk im XVI.-XVII. Jahrhundert; Le geste dans la vie de la noblesse polonaise aux XVIe-XVIIIe siècles; Social structures and customs in the early modern Poland; Work, time perception and leisure in an agricultural society: the case of Poland in the 16th and 17th centuries; Gender in the economy of a traditional agrarian society: the case of Poland in the XVIth-XVIIth centuries; The destruction of towns by natural disaster as reported in early modern newspapers; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
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