1st Edition

Banditry and Security Crisis in Nigeria

Edited By Al Chukwuma Okoli, Saliou Ngom Copyright 2023
    306 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book examines the growing phenomenon of armed banditry in Nigeria and its implication for national security.

    Nigeria’s banditry crisis and deepening security challenges are fuelled by the existence of vast un(der)governed hinterland and trans-border spaces where various non-state armed groups operate unhindered and outside of the law, engaging in various forms of transnational crime. This book explores the activities of these groups to assess the nature and significance of banditry as a complex threat to security. It does so against the backdrop of reports of increased bandit attacks on farms, markets, mining sites, villages and rural communities, and the rising tide of violent crimes in Nigeria, especially the northern region. This book analyses the factors that are responsible for the emergence of banditry as a recent national and transnational security threat and outlines the contemporary dynamics of Nigeria’s banditry crisis and how it can be mitigated.

    This book will be of interest to researchers and students in the field of African Studies, International Relations, Security and Strategic Studies, Political Studies, Peace and Conflict Studies, as well as policymakers and practitioners interested in complex security threats and their implications in Nigeria and beyond.


    Chapter 1: Introduction: Situating Banditry and Security Crisis in Nigeria

    Al Chukwuma Okoli & Saliou Ngom

    Chapter 2: Pastoralism, Farmer-Herder Conflicts and Banditry in the Western Sahel

    Peter Echewija Sule

    Chapter 3: Climate Change versus Rural Violence in Northern Nigeria: A Discursive Reflection

    Al Chukwuma Okoli, Nsemba Edward Lenshie & Musa Aishat Suleiman

    Chapter 4: Governance Failure and Armed Banditry in Nigeria’s North West: Some Contextual Insights

    Tosin Osasona

    Chapter 5: Nigeria’s North West Bandits and their Strategic Logic

    Solomon Timothy Anjide Ph.D

    Chapter 6: Banditry in Northwestern Nigeria: Complex Issues, Emerging Realities

    Noah Echa Attah & Babayo Sule


    Chapter 7: Herding Scapegoats, Framing Fulani: The Entanglements of Ethnic Conflict, Banditry, and Violent Extremism

    Ian Edgerly & Scott Edmondson

    Chapter 8: Manifestations of Banditry in Safana Area of Katsina State, North West Nigeria

    Suleiman Iguda Ladan

    Chapter 9: Armed Banditry and Humanitarian Crisis in Northern Nigeria

    Dare Leke Idowu & Oladiran Afolabi

    Chapter 10: Exploring Farmer-herder Conflict and the Banditry Crisis in North-Central Nigeria

    Plangshak Musa Suchi & Sallek Yak Musa

    Chapter 11: Banditry and Gendered Victimhood in Northern Nigeria: Women as Objects and Victims

    Damilola Taiye Agbalajobi & Saliou Ngom


    Chapter 12: Nigerian Government’s Counter-banditry Efforts in the North West: How Effective?

    Usman Sambo & Babayo Sule

    Chapter 13: Curbing Armed Banditry in Nigeria: The Imperative for Community Policing

    Bose Ibukunoluwa Olojede & Chigozie Joseph Nebeife

    Chapter 14: Drones and Counter-Banditry Operations in the Western Sahel: Strategic Prospects

    Francis Okpaleke & Al Chukwuma Okoli

    Chapter 15: The State and Counter Banditry in Nigeria: Strategies, Challenges and Prospects

    Ikenna Mike Alumona & Kingsley Maduka Onwuanabile

    Chapter 16: Armed Banditry and the Imperative for Collective Security in the Sahel Savanna: The G5 and MNJTF in Comparative Perspective

    Uchenna Simeon

    Chapter 17: Conclusion: Mitigating Nigeria’s Banditry-Security Conundrum

    Al Chukwuma Okoli & Saliou Ngom


    Al Chukwuma Okoli is a Reader (Associate Professor) in Political Science at The Federal University of Lafia, Nigeria.

    Saliou Ngom is a Researcher in the Department of Human Sciences at the Fundamental Institute of Black Africa (IFAN-CAD) at Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.