The four decades between the two Universal Exhibitions of 1888 and 1929 were formative in the creation of modern Barcelona. Architecture and art blossomed in the work of Antoni Gaudi and many others. At the same time, social unrest tore the city apart. Topics such as art nouveau and anarchism have attracted the attention of numerous historians. Yet the crucial role of science, technology and medicine in the cultural makeup of the city has been largely ignored. The ten articles of this book recover the richness and complexity of the scientific culture of end of the century Barcelona. The authors explore a broad range of topics: zoological gardens, natural history museums, amusement parks, new medical specialities, the scientific practices of anarchists and spiritists, the medical geography of the urban underworld, early mass media, domestic electricity and astronomical observatories. They pay attention to the agenda of the bourgeois elites but also to hitherto neglected actors: users of electric technologies and radio amateurs, patients in clinics and dispensaries, collectors and visitors of museums, working class audiences of public talks and female mediums. Science, technology and medicine served to exert social control but also to voice social critique. Barcelona: An urban history of science and modernity (1888-1929) shows that the city around 1900 was both a creator and facilitator of knowledge but also a space substantially transformed by the appropriation of this knowledge by its unruly citizens.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Oliver Hochadel and Agustí Nieto-Galan. Part I Control - Elite Cultures. Civic nature: The transformation of the Parc de la Ciutadella into a space for popular science, Oliver Hochadel and Laura Valls; Reconstructing the Martorell. Donors and spaces in the quest for hegemony within the natural history museum, Ferran Aragon and José Pardo-Tomás; Laboratory medicine and surgical enterprise in the medical landscape of the Eixample district, Alfons Zarzoso and Àlvar Martínez-Vidal; Technological fun: the politics and geographies of amusement parks, Jaume Sastre-Juan and Jaume Valentines-Álvarez. Part II Resistance - Counter-Hegemonies. The Rose of Fire: Anarchist culture, urban spaces, and management of scientific knowledge in a divided city, Álvaro Girón Sierra and Jorge Molero-Mesa; The city of spirits: Spiritism, feminism and the secularization of urban spaces, Mònica Balltondre and Andrea Graus; Anatomy of the urban underworld: A medical geography of the Barrio Chino, Alfons Zarzoso and José Pardo-Tomás. Part III Networks - Experts and Amateurs. The sky above the city: Observatories, amateurs and urban astronomy, Antoni Roca-Rosell and Pedro Ruiz-Castell; The city in waves: Radio Barcelona and urban everyday life, Carlos Tabernero and Meritxell Guzmán; The city of electric light: Experts and users at the 1929 International Exhibition and beyond, Jordi Ferran and Agustí Nieto-Galan. Index.
Oliver Hochadel is a Tenured Historian of Science at the Institució Milà i Fontanals, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IMF-CSIC), Barcelona. His research focuses on the relationship between science and its publics. Book publications include El mito de Atapuerca. Orígenes, ciencia, divulgación (2013), Playing with Fire. Histories of the Lightning Rod (edited with Peter Heering and David Rhees, 2009) and Öffentliche Wissenschaft. Elektrizität in der deutschen Aufklärung (2003).
Agustí Nieto-Galan is Associate Professor of the History of Science, Director of the Centre d’História de la Ciència (CEHIC) at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and ICREA-Acadèmia fellow (2009). He has written widely on the history of chemistry and natural dyestuffs, and on the history of science popularization (eighteenth to twentieth centuries). He is currently working on several aspects of science popularization and urban history of science in Europe. His book Science in the Public Sphere was published in March 2016.