The four decades between the two Universal Exhibitions of 1888 and 1929 were formative in the creation of modern Barcelona. Architecture and art blossomed in the work of Antoni Gaudi and many others. At the same time, social unrest tore the city apart. Topics such as art nouveau and anarchism have attracted the attention of numerous historians. Yet the crucial role of science, technology and medicine in the cultural makeup of the city has been largely ignored. The ten articles of this book recover the richness and complexity of the scientific culture of end of the century Barcelona. The authors explore a broad range of topics: zoological gardens, natural history museums, amusement parks, new medical specialities, the scientific practices of anarchists and spiritists, the medical geography of the urban underworld, early mass media, domestic electricity and astronomical observatories. They pay attention to the agenda of the bourgeois elites but also to hitherto neglected actors: users of electric technologies and radio amateurs, patients in clinics and dispensaries, collectors and visitors of museums, working class audiences of public talks and female mediums. Science, technology and medicine served to exert social control but also to voice social critique. Barcelona: An urban history of science and modernity (1888-1929) shows that the city around 1900 was both a creator and facilitator of knowledge but also a space substantially transformed by the appropriation of this knowledge by its unruly citizens.
Introduction, Oliver Hochadel and Agustí Nieto-Galan. Part I Control - Elite Cultures. Civic nature: The transformation of the Parc de la Ciutadella into a space for popular science, Oliver Hochadel and Laura Valls; Reconstructing the Martorell. Donors and spaces in the quest for hegemony within the natural history museum, Ferran Aragon and José Pardo-Tomás; Laboratory medicine and surgical enterprise in the medical landscape of the Eixample district, Alfons Zarzoso and Àlvar Martínez-Vidal; Technological fun: the politics and geographies of amusement parks, Jaume Sastre-Juan and Jaume Valentines-Álvarez. Part II Resistance - Counter-Hegemonies. The Rose of Fire: Anarchist culture, urban spaces, and management of scientific knowledge in a divided city, Álvaro Girón Sierra and Jorge Molero-Mesa; The city of spirits: Spiritism, feminism and the secularization of urban spaces, Mònica Balltondre and Andrea Graus; Anatomy of the urban underworld: A medical geography of the Barrio Chino, Alfons Zarzoso and José Pardo-Tomás. Part III Networks - Experts and Amateurs. The sky above the city: Observatories, amateurs and urban astronomy, Antoni Roca-Rosell and Pedro Ruiz-Castell; The city in waves: Radio Barcelona and urban everyday life, Carlos Tabernero and Meritxell Guzmán; The city of electric light: Experts and users at the 1929 International Exhibition and beyond, Jordi Ferran and Agustí Nieto-Galan. Index.
Science, Technology and Culture, 1700-1945 focuses on the social, cultural, industrial and economic contexts of science and technology from the ‘scientific revolution’ up to the Second World War. Publishing lively, original, innovative research across a broad spectrum of subjects and genres by an international list of authors, the series has a global compass that concerns the development of modern science in all regions of the world. Subjects may range from close studies of particular sciences and problems to cultural and social histories of science, technology and biomedicine; accounts of scientific travel and exploration; transnational histories of scientific and technological change; monographs examining instruments, their makers and users; the material and visual cultures of science; contextual studies of institutions and of individual scientists, engineers and popularizers of science; and well-edited volumes of essays on themes in the field.