This book is the first inter-disciplinary engagement with the work of Maqbool Fida Husain, arguably India’s most iconic contemporary artist today, whose life and work are intimately entangled with the career of independent India as a democratic, secular and multi-ethnic nation. For more than half a century, and across thousands of canvases, Husain has painted individuals and objects, events and incidents that offer an astonishing visual chronicle of India through the ages.
The 13 articles in this volume – written by distinguished artists, curators, anthropologists, historians, art historians and critics, sociologists and scholars of post-colonial literature and religion – critically examine the artistic statement that Husain has presented on the self, community and nation through his oeuvre. It engages with the controversies that have erupted around and about Husain’s work, and situates them in debates around the freedom of the artist versus the sentiments of the community, between ‘virtue’ and ‘obscenity’, between an ‘elite’ of intellectuals and the ‘common man’, and between a ‘work of art’ and a ‘religious icon’. Correspondingly it considers how India has responded to Husain: with affection, admiration and adulation on the one hand, and hostility and rejection on the other.
This book is more relevant than ever before in light of the debates that have arisen over Husain’s self-imposed exile for the last few years following a spate of violent attacks on his home and exhibitions in India, and his recent decision to forfeit his Indian citizenship.
It will be of interest to those studying art history, sociology, anthropology, cultural studies, and politics, as well as to a wide spectrum of readers interested in contemporary issues of identity and nationhood.
List of Illustrations Foreword Monica Juneja Acknowledgements 1. Introduction: Barefoot across India: An Artist and his Country Sumathi Ramaswamy 2. Modernist Myths and the Exile of Maqbool Fida Husain Geeta Kapur 3. Art on Trial: Civilization and Religion in the Persona and Painting of M. F. Husain David Gilmartin and Barbara D. Metcalf 4. Mapping India after Husain Sumathi Ramaswamy 5. Secret Histories of Indian Modernism: M. F. Husain as Indian Muslim Artist Ananya Jahanara Kabir 6. Of M. F. Husain and an Impossible Love Veena Das 7. ‘I am an Indian and a painter, that is all’: Intention and the Secular Subject in Contemporary India Karin Zitzewitz 8. Defending Husain in the Public Sphere: The SAHMAT Experience Ram Rahman 9. Fault-lines in a National Edifice: On the Rights and Offences of Contemporary Indian Art Tapati Guha-Thakurta 10. Taking and Making Offence: Husain and the Politics of Desecration Kajri Jain 11. The Bliss of Madhuri: Husain and his Muse Patricia Uberoi 12. Viewed from Across the Globe: The Art of M. F. Husain Susan S. Bean 13. A Metaphysical Secularist? Decoding M.F. Husain as a Muslim Painter in Exile Bruce B. Lawrence. Notes on Contributors. Index
This series takes as its starting point notions of the visual, and of vision, as central in producing meanings, maintaining aesthetic values, and relations of power. Through individual studies, it hopes to chart the trajectories of the visual as an activating principle of history. An important premise here is the conviction that the making, theorising, and historicising of images do not exist in exclusive distinction of one another.
Opening up the field of vision as an arena in which meanings get constituted simultaneously anchors vision to other media such as audio, spatial, and the dynamics of spectatorship. It calls for closer attention to inter-textual and inter-pictorial relationships through which ever-accruing layers of readings and responses are brought alive.
Through its regional focus on South Asia the series locates itself within a prolific field of writing on non-Western cultures, which have opened the way to pluralise iconographies, and to perceive temporalities as scrambled and palimpsestic. These studies, it is hoped, will continue to reframe debates and conceptual categories in visual histories. The importance attached here to investigating the historical dimensions of visual practice implies close attention to specific local contexts which intersect and negotiate with the global, and can re-constitute it. Examining the ways in which different media are to be read into and through one another would extend the thematic range of the subjects to be addressed by the series to include those which cross the boundaries that once separated the privileged subjects of art historical scholarship from the popular – sculpture, painting, and monumental architecture – from other media: studies of film, photography, and prints, on the one hand; advertising, television, posters, calendars, comics, buildings, and cityscapes on the other.