Basic Welsh : A Grammar and Workbook book cover
2nd Edition

Basic Welsh
A Grammar and Workbook

ISBN 9780415857499
Published April 1, 2014 by Routledge
160 Pages

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Book Description

Basic Welsh: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible grammar handbook and related exercises in a single volume.

The book presents forty grammar units, covering the core materials which beginning students would expect to encounter in the course of learning Welsh. User-friendly grammar points are followed by multiple examples and exercises which allow students to reinforce and consolidate their learning.

Key features include:

  • Clear, accessible format
  • Many relevant and useful examples
  • A wide range of challenging exercises to reinforce learning
  • Concise and jargon-free explanations of grammar
  • Full answer key, glossary of technical terms and Welsh-English, English-Welsh glossary at the back of the book

Revised throughout, this updated second edition of Basic Welsh provides the ideal practice book for all beginning students in the language. It is suitable for both class use and independent study.

Table of Contents


1 Identification sentences: question words Pwy?, Beth?; identifiers hwn, hon; hwnna, honna; y rhin, y rheina

2 Nouns and noun plurals

3 The verb ‘to be’: present tense statements (AFF) and questions (INT)

4 The present tense of bod: NEG forms

5 Mutations: Soft Mutation

6 The definite article: ‘the…’

7 The genitive construction: the X of Y’ etc.

8 Adjectives

9 The present tense of verbs

10 Other auxiliaries with the VN; requests

11 The complement marker yn + noun/adjective

12 Personal pronouns; word order; third-person singular rule

13 ‘Want’ and ‘would like’

14 Aspirate and Nasal Mutation

15 Possessive adjectives: ‘his…’, ‘her…’, ‘your…’, etc.

16 Yn and mewn ‘in’

17 The imperfect of bod: ‘I was’, ‘you were’, etc.

18 The future of bod: ‘I will be’, etc.; affirmative markers fe and mi

19 The imperfect and future of other verbs: ‘I was …ing’, ‘I will…’

20 The existential verb: ‘There is/are…’, ‘There was/were…’, etc.

21 Conjugated prepositions

22 More conjugated prepositions

23 Possession

24 Stems; imperatives (command forms)

25 The inflected preterite: completed action in the past

26 General principles with inflected verbs (verbs with endings)

27 Irregular preterites: ‘went’, ‘came’, ‘did’, ‘got’

28 Mo after inflected NEG verbs

29 Present tense ‘is/are’ with question words

30 Numerals 1-12; telling the time

31 More numbers; Faint…/ ‘How much/many…/’; quantity expressions

32 Days, months and years

33 ‘Some’ and ‘any’, ‘no-one’, ‘everyone’; ‘all’

34 Rhaid-type expressions: well, waeth, man a man, hen bryd

36 Derived adverbs in yn; summary of meanings and uses

37 Wedi: ‘perfect’ tense

38 The pluperfect and future perfect

39 Yes/no answers; tags

40 Translating have

Key to exercises

Glossary of technical terms




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Gareth King is UCAS co-ordinator, Oxbridge applications co-ordinator and Latin co-ordinator for a large sixth-form college. He is also the series editor for the Colloquials and the Routledge Welsh Reader.