Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields (BCRRA 2017), June 28-30, 2017, Athens, Greece, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields

Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields (BCRRA 2017), June 28-30, 2017, Athens, Greece, 1st Edition

Edited by Andreas Loizos, Imad Al-Qadi, Tom Scarpas

CRC Press

364 pages

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Hardback: 9781138295957
pub: 2017-06-12
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pub: 2017-07-20
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Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields includes the contributions to the 10th International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields (BCRRA 2017, 28-30 June 2017, Athens, Greece). The papers cover aspects related to materials, laboratory testing, design, construction, maintenance and management systems of transport infrastructure, and focus on roads, railways and airfields. Additional aspects that concern new materials and characterization, alternative rehabilitation techniques, technological advances as well as pavement and railway track substructure sustainability are included. The contributions discuss new concepts and innovative solutions, and are concentrated but not limited on the following topics:

· Unbound aggregate materials and soil properties

· Bound materials characteritics, mechanical properties and testing

· Effect of traffic loading

· In-situ measurements techniques and monitoring

· Structural evaluation

· Pavement serviceability condition

· Rehabilitation and maintenance issues

· Geophysical assessment

· Stabilization and reinforcement

· Performance modeling

· Environmental challenges

· Life cycle assessment and sustainability

Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields is essential reading for academics and professionals involved or interested in transport infrastructure systems, in particular roads, railways and airfields.

Table of Contents

Subgrade soils

Evaluation of a resilient modulus model for unsaturated soil conditions

P. Thirthar Palanivelu & C.E. Zapata

Investigating correlations between stiffness indexes for Brazilian soils

M. dos Reis & R. Moura Fortes

Analysis of compaction and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) test results of a mixture of iron ore tailings with Brazilian tropical soil in different proportions for road construction purposes

A.A.N. Dantas, T.A. Mendes, A.J.A. Posse, L.F.M. Ribeiro & C.M.C. Gurjao

Suitability assessment of soils for pavement subgrade using gyratory compaction and bearing capacity testing

A. Athanasopoulou & G. Kollaros

Experimental and statistical investigation of the mechanical properties of limestone rocks in Lebanon

M. Mrad, G. Saad, G.R. Chehab & R. Mrad

Application of pattern classification techniques for anisotropic characterization of pavement foundations

R.S. Ashtiani & M. Asadi

Plastic strains of a compacted clayey soil under repeated axial loading

Z.-S. Li & J.-M. Fleureau

Estimation of shakedown loads of flexible pavements

A.G. Stathas & K.V. Spiliopoulos

Bearing capacity on stockpiled fly ash

C.A. Lenngren

Tunnels interaction with surrounding alluvial soils

O. Naeemifar & R. Rahbari

Unbound granular materials

Structural characteristics of unbound aggregate materials in conventional flexible pavements

L. Wang & X.G. Xie

Investigation of resilient modulus values for base aggregates

B. Cliatt & A. Loizos

Unsaturated resilient strain behaviours of a granular material

P. Jing, C. Chazallon & H. Nowamooz

Laboratory investigation on unbound materials used in a highway with premature damage

D.M. Barbieri, I. Hoff & H. Mork

An investigation into relevance between fractal dimension and dynamic behavior of pure granular materials

S. Altun, A. Sezer, A.B. Göktepe, T. Günay & P. Ahmedzade

Experimental characterization of unbound granular materials subjected to high harmonic loads

G. Canon Falla, S. Leischner, F. Wellner & T. Spanier

Numerical simulation and laboratory testing of unbound base course materials considering the effect of temperature

J. Patzak & F. Wellner

Some recent research on the hydraulic conductivity of road materials

P.J. Vardanega, S. Feng & C.J. Shepheard

Laboratory investigations of thermal properties of crushed rock materials

K. Rieksts, I. Hoff, E. Kuznetsova & J. Côté

Stiffness and permanent deformation characteristics of open-graded unbound granular materials

M.S. Rahman, S. Erlingsson & F. Hellman

Characterisation of permanent deformation behaviour of unbound granular materials using repeated load triaxial testing

N. Zhalehjoo, A. Tolooiyan, R. Mackay & D. Bodin

Implementation of shakedown and packing theories for unbound granular materials

T.F. Yideti, A. Dawson & B. Birgisson

Asphalt mixes

Experimental study on the effects of angular rate on the torsional shear property of asphalt mixture

Y. Li, Y. Li, G. Wang, S. Zhang, Y. Liu & J. Chen

Comparison of flexural strength and crack propagation test characteristics of SMA mixtures including the ageing impact

P. Vacková, J. Valentin & P. Mondschein

Computational study of the influence of form and angularity of coarse aggregates in the linear viscoelastic properties of asphalt mixtures

D. Castillo & S. Caro

Linear viscoelastic behaviour of bituminous mixtures with multi-Recycled Asphalt Pavement

A. Pedraza, H. Di Benedetto, C. Sauzéat & S. Pouget

Apps for modal analysis to characterize the complex modulus of asphalt concrete

A. Gudmarsson & N. Ryden

An implementation of the Illinois flexibility index testing protocol for balanced asphalt mix designs

M.K. Barry, I.L. Al-Qadi, H. Ozer & F. Safi

Laboratory evaluation of stiffness and fatigue susceptibility of asphalt paving materials incorporating environmental factors

A. Aljuboryl, G.D. Airey & J.R.A. Grenfell

Laboratory test and numerical simulation of microwave heating properties of asphalt mixture

H. Wang, P. Apostolidis, X. Liu, T. Scarpas, J. Yang & L. Xu

Influence of lateral confining pressure on flow number tests

E. Santagata, O. Baglieri, P.P. Riviera, M. Lanotte & M. Alam

Degradation of asphalt mixtures due to impact method of compaction

P. Singh & A.K. Swamy

Evaluation of mixing temperature impact on warm mix asphalt performance

A. Abed, N. Thom & J.R.A. Grenfell

Effect of compaction temperatures on the warm mix asphalt volumetrics and stability

H.I. Ozturk & O.C. Pamuk

Comparison of DSR and BBR tests for determining the Performance Grade (PG) of asphalt binder at low temperature

C. Riccardi, A. Cannone Falchetto, M.P. Wistuba & M. Losa

Aging of bituminous binders in asphalt pavements and laboratory tests

X. Lu, H. Soenen & O.-V. Laukkanen

Effects of mineral fillers and bitumen on ageing of asphalt mastics properties

R. Alfaqawi, G.D. Airey & J.R.A. Grenfell

Development of empirical models for the estimation of the rheological properties of asphalt binders

F. Martinez, M. Cauhape Casaux & S. Angelone

An alternative method for determining thermal stress in asphalt binder based on Laplace transform

A. Cannone Falchetto, C. Riccardi, D. Wang, M.P. Wistuba & K.H. Moon

Laboratory investigation of physical performance and FT-IR analysis of warm mix asphalt binders

J. Chen, W. Wang & B. Xu

Study of asphalt binder diffusion using atomic force microscopy

A. Savarnya, A. Kuity, S. Gupta, A. Chandra & A. Das

Performance of asphalt mixes with additives

Performance properties of asphalt mixture containing Linz-Donawitz (LD) steel slag

J. Groenniger & M.P. Wistuba

Feasibility study on a thermoset polymer-coated emulsified warm-mix asphalt mixture

P.J. Yoo, B.S. Ohm, K.S. Park & I.L. Al-Qadi

Effect of new types of synthetic waxes designed for low-temperature asphalt mixtures

L. Benešová, J. Mastný & J. Valentin

An investigation of the mechanical properties of rubber modified asphalt mixtures using a modified dry process

A. Subhy, G.D. Airey & D. Lo Presti

Rutting performance of bituminous mixtures composed with red mud

M.S.S. Lima, L.P. Thives & V. Haritonovs

An experimental study on waxy bitumens

J. Oner, B. Sengoz & G. Malkoc

Comparative investigation on the reinforcing effects of polymer-based fiber into bituminous mixtures

E. Toraldo, E. Mariani & M. Crispino

Fibre behaviour and influence on the properties of asphalt mortar

M. Mohammed, T. Parry & J. Grenfell

Effect of waste metallic particles on asphalt induction heating

B. Gómez-Meijide, H. Ajam, A. García & H.S. Al Mahely

Improving the raveling resistance of porous asphalt with kraft lignin modified bitumen

N.R.Z. Poeran, B.W. Sluer, M.F.C. van de Ven & W.F. Gard

Usage of ion-irradiated recycled polypropylene as modifier in bituminous binder

P. Ahmedzade, T. Günay, S. Altun, B. Kultayev, A. Fainleib, O. Grigoryeva & O. Starostenko

Chemical and physical properties of an asphalt binder modified by the sap of Euphorbia Tirucalli plant: Application in bituminous prime coat

L.M. Gondim, S.A. Soares, S.H.A. Barroso & C.M.C. Alecrin

Physical properties of sepiolite clay nanofibers modified bitumen

T. Günay, P. Ahmedzade & S. Altun

High temperatures performance investigation of geopolymer modified bitumen binders

S.I.A. Ali, H.A.M. Yahia, A.N.H. Ibrahim & R.A. Al Mansob

Effect of traffic loading

Effects of super heavy trucks on the condition of road infrastructure

P. Kolisoja, T. Saarenketo & P. Varin

Dynamic pavement response coefficient to estimate the impact of variation in dynamic vehicle load

S.-F. Kazemi, P.E. Sebaaly, R.V. Siddharthan, E.Y. Hajj, A.J.T. Hand & Md. Ahsanuzzaman

Dynamic behavior of flexible inelastic pavements under moving loads

N.D. Beskou, A.P. Chassiakos & D.D. Theodorakopoulos

Responses and performance of flexible pavements in cold climate due to heavy vehicle loading

S. Erlingsson & J. Ullberg

Impact of overloaded vehicles on load equivalency factors and service period of flexible pavements

D. Rys, J. Judycki & J. Jaskula

Implications of changing the maximum legal truck load for the pavement service life

C.A. Lenngren & R. Salini

Modeling of dynamic loads in pavement structural response models

J.A. Ramos-García, F. Sánchez-Domínguez & J.M. Sanz-García

Impact of longer and heavier vehicles on the performance of asphalt pavements: A laboratory study

A.W. Ahmed, M.S. Rahman & S. Erlingsson

Investigation of influence of heavy traffic loads on asphalt pavement response by SAFEM

P. Liu, D. Wang & M. Oeser

The increase of pavement cost due to the traffic overloads

J.C. Pais & P. Pereira

Structural design methods

A comparison of mechanistic-empirical pavement design methods for Norwegian conditions

I.E. Trangen & H. Mork

Tool for enhancing the 1993 AASHTO pavement design method to incorporate the dynamic modulus of asphalt mixture

Y.S. Hamdar & G.R. Chehab

Determination of AASHTO 1993 layer coefficients considering time- and temperature-dependency of the asphalt mixture

M. Lanotte & M.E. Kutay

A mechanistic empirical design concept for low volume flexible pavement using unbound granular materials with application of concentration factor in a layered system

P.P. Biswas, M.K. Sahis, G.C. Mandal & D. Majumder

Perpetual flexible pavement design life

G. Kollaros, A. Athanasopoulou & A. Kokkalis

Mechanistic-empirical pavement design for unpaved roads: Development of a damage function for structural rutting

J.-P. Bilodeau, G. Doré, M. Le Vern & P.M. Thiam

Reliability demystified, at last

A.M. Ioannides & D.D. Rodriguez

Effect of treated subgrade layer on mechanistic-empirical pavement design

S. Islam, A. Sufian & M. Hossain

Comparison of practice for aggregate use in road construction—results from an international survey

M. Fladvad, J. Aurstad & B.J. Wigum

In-situ measurements techniques and monitoring

Influences of measurement conditions on structural indicators obtained from FWD data

C. Van Geem

A comparison of TSD and FWD deflections at Norwegian roads with an interpretation of bearing capacity from TSD measurements

V. Antonsen & H. Mork

Assessment of pavement structures at traffic speed

A. Zofka, J. Sudyka & D. Sybilski

Integration of traffic speed deflectometer and ground penetrating radar for network-level roadway structure evaluation

K.R. Maser, A. Carmichael, P. Schmalzer & B. Shaw

Methods for calculating deflections from traffic speed deflectometer data and impacts on pavement design

P. Schmalzer & N. Weitzel

Quality control tool for asphalt emulsion-based chip seal curing times

M.A. Montoya, J.E. Haddock & W.J. Weiss

F/HWD international round robin tests on the STAC’s test facility

M. Broutin & S. Belon

Reproducibility of decisions for rehabilitation of existing roads based on deflection measurements with curviameter or FWD

C. Van Geem

Investigation of sampling strategy on estimating strains in flexible pavements through Response Surface Method (RSM)

R. Aswathy & A.K. Swamy

Effectiveness of Spectral Analysis of Surface Waves (SASW) method for pavement evaluation

A. Loizos, C. Plati, B. Cliatt & K. Gkyrtis

Continuous health monitoring of asphalt concrete pavements using surface-mounted battery-free wireless sensors

H. Hasni, A.H. Alavi, K. Chatti & N. Lajnef

Instrumentation to evaluate the field performance of composite overlays using accelerated pavement testing

H. Rizvi, A. Ali, Y. Mehta, A. Francoise, C. Purdy & A. Nolan

Assessment of the bearing capacity of pavements using fiber optic sensors

V. Papavasiliou & A. Loizos

Subgrade cracking monitoring using distributed optical fiber sensing technique

W. Liu, B. Wang, X. Chen & L. Li

Ensuring reliable robust FWD measurements on the English road network

S. Brittain, A. Wright, D. Gershkoff & R. Fairclough

Inferring pavement layer properties from a moving measurement platform

S. Andersen, E. Levenberg & M.B. Andersen

Effect of embedment scheme on damage detection performance of self-powered pavement monitoring sensor

A.H. Alavi, H. Hasni, K. Chatti & N. Lajnef

Backcalculation analyses of deflection measurements

Analysing FWD data—from the deflection bowl to material parameters

M. Čičković

A layered pavement structural and remaining capacity model by analysis of FWD and TSD data

J.D. Roberts

Determination of an optimum backcalculation cross-section for flexible pavements

K.A. Tutu & D.H. Timm

Backcalculation of asphalt concrete moduli using field-measured strain

M.M. Robbins, D.H. Timm & K.A. Tutu

Optimization of deflection bowl measurements

V. Le Boursicaud, J.-M. Simonin & P. Hornych

Evolution of asphalt modulus from falling weight deflectometer tests and challenges associated with its interpretation and applications: A case study using LTPP data

M. Oshone, M. Elshaer, E. Dave & J.S. Daniel

Application of falling weight deflectometer for the estimation of in-situ shear strength parameters of subgrade layer

H. Nabizadeh, E.Y. Hajj, R.V. Siddharthan, S. Elfass & M. Nimeri

A model to adjust the falling weight deflections due to temperature variations

J.C. Pais & P. Pereira

Development of a frequency temperature correction model for FWD back-calculated moduli based on frequency-temperature superposition principle

J.M. Flores, P. Le Van, C.K. Park, W. Kim & H.J. Lee

Structural evaluation

Evaluation of soil bearing capacity by plate load test

Q. Al-Obaidi, A. Al-Shamoosi & A. Ahmed

Variability of Light Weight Deflectometer during laboratory and field applications for subgrade soils under variable moisture conditions

M. Mazari, G. Garcia, I. Abdallah, J. Garibay & S. Nazarian

Comparing CBR values obtained from field with laboratory test results

S. Karahancer, E. Eriskin, O. Sarioglu, M. Saltan & S. Terzi

Contribution to lateritic soils calibration using the dynamic penetrometer PANDA

Y. Gansonré, C. Bacconnet, P. Breul, M. Benz, P. Moustan, R. Gourves & S. De-Maistre

Using QC LWD data for improving pavement design and management in Chile and Peru

J.R. Marcobal, F. Cerrolaza, J. Arias & M.A. Moreno

E* prediction algorithm for pavement quality control assessment

K. Georgouli & A. Loizos

Implementation of modulus-based quality control testing for pavement construction in Thailand

A. Sawangsuriya, P. Jitareekul, Y. Taesiri, S. Sirisak & W. Lawanwisut

A practical non-destructive testing based approach to improve the quality of the asphalt compaction process

P. Georgiou & A. Loizos

Predicting roller-compacted concrete properties from mixture proportions

J. LaHucik & J. Roesler

Bearing capacity assessment of a flexible pavement subjected to seasonal effects

G. Bazi, S. Saboundjian, R. Briggs & P. Ullidtz

Evaluation of pavement load bearing capacity comprised of insulation layers during thaw season

L. Hashemian, N. Tavafzadeh & A. Bayat

Evaluation of cement-bitumen treated material bearing capacity by in-situ tests

M. Meocci & F. La Torre

Quality assurance of traffic-speed structural condition surveys

A. Wright, S. Brittain, D. Gershkoff, P. Werro & R. Fairclough

Pavement serviceability condition

Non-destructive crack identification for concrete pavements: A case study

L.S. Salles, L. Khazanovich, J.T. Balbo & A. Cargnin

Review of pavement cracking data collection practices

B. Yang, H. Ceylan, O. Smadi, K. Gopalakrishnan, S. Kim, Y. Turkan, A.A. Alhasan & O. Adarkwa

Structural Health Monitoring of pavement assets through acoustic signature

R. Fedele, F.G. Pratico, R. Carotenuto & F.G. Della Corte

Automated patch detection and quantification for pavement evaluation

G.M. Hadjidemetriou & S.E. Christodoulou

Challenges when modelling ravelling in porous friction courses

L. Manrique-Sanchez, S. Caro & S. Torres

Data driven frameworks for classifying pavement surface anomalies based on pattern recognition techniques and smartphone technology

C. Kyriakou, S.E. Christodoulou & L. Dimitriou

Advanced analysis of pavement longitudinal profiles for rehabilitation diagnostic

J.-P. Bilodeau, G. Doré & L.-A. Grégoire

In-lab versus on-site measurement of surface performance of flexible pavements

F.G. Pratico, S. Noto & A. Astolfi

Comparative laboratory evaluation of macro texture depth of chip seal samples using sand patch and outflow meter test methods

I. Gökalp, V.E. Uz & M. Saltan

Evaluation of highway pavement skid resistance performance made of Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC)

A.A. Bawono, N. Nguyen Dinh, E.H. Yang & B. Lechner

A laboratory evaluation on skid resistance performance of surface coatings manufactured by both natural aggregates and by-products

I. Gökalp, V.E. Uz & M. Saltan

Estimating new road rolling resistance using neural networks

C.A. Lenngren & R. Salini

Pavement performance and durability through rational design

A. Mouratidis & G.P. Papageorgiou

Sampling functional condition indices at traffic-speed

K.P. Drenth, F.H. Ju & J.Y. Tan

Assessment of tire-pavement noise by using On-Board Sound Intensity (OBSI) method in the State of Qatar

M. Ohiduzzaman, O. Sirin & E. Kassem

Investigation of tire-pavement noise level using On-Board Sound Intensity (OBSI) system

A. Zofka, E. Zofka, T. Mechowski & A. Urbanik

Overview of California studies on noise reduction for asphalt and concrete surfaces

J. Harvey, R. Wu, I. Guada, Q. Lu, A. Ongel, A. Rezaei, E. Kohler & C. Reyes

Rehabilitation and maintenance issues

Assessment of the efficiency of pavement surface rehabilitation techniques

J. Neves & H. Simas

Assessment of shotblasting moving speed for pavement preservation—a pilot-case study

C. Plati, A. Loizos, T. Stergiou, M. Pomoni, F. Papadimitriou & K. Drimeris

Precast concrete pavements for rapid rehabilitation of high traffic volume highways—US state of practice

S. Tayabji & S. Tyson

Road bridge decks sealing, joints and pavement practice, the Greek motorway experience

A. Kokkalis, A. Athanasopoulou, G. Kollaros & P. Panetsos

An efficiency based approach to multi-year network-level maintenance programming

T. Lorino & P. Hankach

Road asset valuation system using long term pavement data analysis

A. Heitor, J. Davis, P. Tobin & K. Bogie

Why PWL is a better quality measure for developing PRS

S.W. Haider, G. Musunuru & K. Chatti

Effect of neglected maintenance for the Austrian State road network

J. Litzka & A. Weninger-Vycudil

A low cost method of real time pavement condition data sharing to expedite maintenance intervention

W. Uddin, O.W. Uddin & J.V. Merighi

Macroeconomic and external costs caused by inefficient pavement management: Empirical evidence from the A9 motorway in Germany

W.H. Schulz, L. Heinrich & S. Scheler

Stabilization and reinforcement

The stabilization of a soft soil subgrade layer using a new sustainable binder produced from free-cement blending of waste materials fly ashes

H.M. Jafer, W. Atherton, F. Ruddock & E. Loffill

Geosynthetic impact on subgrade bearing capacity and their possible improvement

K. Pospisil & P. Zednik

Swelling pressure and consolidation of soft clay stabilized with bagasse ash and lime

H. Hasan, L. Dang, H. Khabbaz & B. Fatahi

US highway 65 emergency pavement subgrade improvement

R.L. Boudreau, J.P. Donahue & R.W. Brown

Influences of curing conditions on strength and microstructure of lime-amended flyash

A. Pani & S.P. Singh

Compressive and tensile behaviour of polymer-treated pavement foundation materials

R.N. Georgees, R.A. Hassan, R.P. Evans & P. Jegatheesan

Pavement subgrade soil bearing capacity as influenced by stabilization process

A. Athanasopoulou & G. Kollaros

Pavement design considerations for subgrades stabilized with recycled materials

N. Bandara, E. Jensen & T. Binoy

Design of mortars for controlled modulus columns: From laboratory to field experiments

G. Blanc, G. Escadeillas, A. Turatsinze, A.-C. Ariane & B. Quandalle

Implication of the mechanically stabilised granular layer for access road over saline soils at uranium in situ leaching mine in South Kazakhstan

A. Kuznetsova, C. Doulala-Rigby, G. Solovyev & E. Orlov

Sustainable field applications of quarry byproducts mixed with large size unconventional aggregates

I. Qamhia, E. Tutumluer, H. Ozer & H. Kazmee

Bearing capacity of a stabilised granular layer on clay subgrade

A.S. Lees

Mechanical characteristics and insolubilization effect of incineration bottom ash from MSW using aging method

K. Sato & T. Fujikawa

Analytical and numerical design approaches for stabilized road pavement base layers

P. Skels, A. Zarins, K. Bondars & V. Haritonovs

Geosynthetic sub-base stabilization of roads and artificial turf installations

C. van Gurp, T. Messinella, M. Hazenkamp & F. Harmeling

Geogrid in paved and unpaved road systems: A review of mechanisms and design methods

M. Sharbaf, N. Ghafoori & N. Dumitru

Laboratory evaluation of triangular aperture geogrid reinforced flexible pavements

M. Sharbaf & N. Ghafoori

In situ damage evaluation of geogrid used in asphalt concrete pavement

C. Chazallon, T.C. Nguyen, M.L. Nguyen, P. Hornych, D. Doligez, L. Brissaud & E. Godard

High-performance synthetic microfibers for the structural reinforcement of hot mix asphalts

M. Pasetto, E. Pasquini, G. Giacomello, A. Baliello & N. Baldo

Bituminous pavements reinforcement with interlayer systems: Proposing a routine laboratory cyclic flexural testing procedure

P. Pezzano, C. Sangiorgi, P. Tataranni, N. Bonucchi & C. Lantieri

Assessment of fiber reinforced HMA and WMA mixes using viscoelastic continuum damage model

H.A. Kassem, G.R. Chehab, N.F. Saleh & A. Zalghout

Lifetime prediction of asphalt interlayer systems, and the correlation between a simplified design method and real cases

P. Pezzano, A. Simone, F. Mazzotta, C. Sangiorgi, V. Vignali & G. Dondi

Recycled materials and techniques

Performance evaluation of a 100% recycled asphalt pavement mixture using a polymer binder: A pilot study

E.Y. Hajj, M. Piratheepan & P.E. Sebaaly

Maximising asphalt recycling in road surface courses: The importance of a preliminary binder design

G.M. Pires, A. Jiménez del Barco Carrión, G.D. Airey & D. Lo Presti

Structural evaluation of cold recycling mixture with foamed asphalt

F.V. Guatimosim, K.L. Vasconcelos & L.L.B. Bernucci

Effects of vibratory and static compaction in laboratory to strength properties of cold recycled materials

K. Mollenhauer

Towards high quality re-use of porous asphalt

J. Qiu, M. Huurman, M.H.T. Frunt & R. Gelpke

Mechanical performance of recycled aggregates in cyclic triaxial testing

C. Grégoire, A. Van der Wielen & B. Janssens

Performance of warm recycled mixtures in field trial sections

A. Stimilli, F. Frigio, F. Cardone & F. Canestrari

Instrumented test section for analyzing the curing process of cold-recycled mixtures

C. Godenzoni, A. Graziani, M. Bocci, A. Grilli & E. Bocci

Sustainability evaluation of pavements using recycled materials

Y. Zhang, D. Goulias & A. Aydilek

Moisture effects on the properties of RAP-foamed bitumen mixtures

D.B. Sánchez, G.D. Airey, J.R.A. Grenfell & S. Caro

Influence of bio-based additives on RAP clustering and asphalt binder rheology

M. Orešković, S. Bressi, G. Di Mino & D. Lo Presti

Evaluation of bituminous binders miscibility for warm-mix recycling techniques

S. Vassaux, V. Gaudefroy, L. Jean Soro, A. Pévere, V. Mouillet, L. Boulangé & V. Barragan-Montero

Performance modeling

3D-FE Modeling and dynamic response analysis of asphalt pavements subjected to FWD impact loads

W. Uddin, Y. Nanagiri & S. Garza

Road pavement responses estimated through finite element modeling analysis

B. Cliatt, A. Loizos & K. Gkyrtis

Infinite element technology of adaptive FEMOL applied in mechanical analysis of layered elastic systems for asphalt pavement

Y. Dong, Q. Xing, S. Yuan & N. Fang

Structural pavement responses using nonlinear finite element analysis of unbound materials

A. Loizos, K.V. Spiliopoulos, B. Cliatt & K. Gkyrtis

3D modeling and measuring of tire-pavement contact pressure

E.Y. Manyo, I. Leandry, B. Picoux, P. Reynaud, F. Allou & C. Petit

Prediction of heavy vehicle impact on rut development using PEDRO model

S.F. Said & A.W. Ahmed

Evaluation of rutting potential in cold bituminous emulsion mixture using finite element analysis

H.K. Shanbara, F. Ruddock, W. Atherton & G. Rothwell

Pavement rutting prediction models for the coastal roads of southern Norway

E. Taddesse

Analytical modeling of rutting for asphalt concrete pavement

B.A. Feyissa

Permanent deformation measurements under flexible pavements using image correlation

A. Bowman & S. Haigh

Prediction of HMA fatigue performances using different Visco-Elastic Continuum Damage (VECD) models

M. Lanotte & M.E. Kutay

Modelling of reflective cracking in composite pavements

E. Manola, A.C. Collop & N. Thom

Research on cracking of asphalt pavement based on cohesive zone model and extended finite element method

Y. Sun, K. Li, X. Yuan, Z. Ma & J. Wang

Fatigue performance evaluation of high modulus asphalt binder using the LAS test and S-VECD model

J. Zhang, H. Zhang & C. Wang

Analysis of expansive reactions in cement concrete pavement structures by microscopical methods

J. Stryk, A. Frybort, J. Stulirova, K. Pospisil & M. Gregerova

Influence of layer thickness on the flow of asphalt under simulated compaction

E. Ghafoori Roozbahany, M.N. Partl & A. Guarin

Thin overlay analysis using finite element method

H. Dhasmana, H. Ozer & I.L. Al-Qadi

A three-dimensional finite element analysis of temperature distribution in hot mix asphalt pothole repair

J. Byzyka, M. Rahman & D.A. Chamberlain

Determination of asphalt layer thickness above which axle load-induced strains initiate top-down Cracking

A. Nikolaides & E. Manthos

Cold and hot asphalt pavements modelling

H.K. Shanbara, A. Dulaimi, F. Ruddock, W. Atherton & G. Rothwell

Assessment of moisture sensitivity of warm mix asphalt using advanced 3-D imaging technique

M.O. Hamzah, S.Y. Teh, B. Golchin & J. Voskuilen

Analysis of the relationship between asphalt mix design and functional performance

J. Qiu, M.M.J. Jacobs, M.H.T. Frunt & A. Rering

Estimation of optimal pavement performance models for highways

M. Khadka & A. Paz

Performance evaluation of perpetual pavement after ten years

S. Islam, A. Sufian, M. Hossain & D. Gedafa

Mechanics of layers interfaces

Analysis of the behavior of pavement layers interfaces from in situ measurements

N.S. Duong, J. Blanc & P. Hornych

Static and cyclic evaluation of interlayer bonding

C. Raab, M.N. Partl, E. Fourquet & A.O. Abd El Halim

Characterization of the bond between asphalt layers and glass grid layer with help of a wedge splitting test

M. Gharbi, M.L. Nguyen, S. Trichet & A. Chabot

Interface shear fatigue performance of asphalt pavement structures in function of normal stress and temperature

I. Isailović, M.P. Wistuba, S. Büchler & A. Cannone Falchetto

Research on the crack resistance of HVASSAL based on the nonlinear contact between layers

Y. Sun, Z. Gu, J. Pan & K. Li

Effect of glass fibre grids on the bonding strength between two asphalt layers

L. Sagnol, C. Chazallon & M. Stöckner

Geophysical assessment

A comparative investigation of the pavement layer dielectrics by FDTD modelling and reflection amplitude GPR data

F. Tosti, A.M. Alani, A. Benedetto, L. Bianchini Ciampoli, M.G. Brancadoro & L. Pajewski

Signal processing for optimisation of low-powered GPR data with application in transportation engineering (roads and railways)

L. Bianchini Ciampoli, F. D’Amico, A. Calvi, F. Benedetto & F. Tosti

Pavement thickness evaluation with air-coupled GPR systems

V. Marecos, M. Solla, S. Fontul & M.L. Antunes

Imaging boulders using the Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) method

A. Vafidis, N. Economou, G. Kritikakis, M. Galetakis, A. Vasiliou, G. Apostolopoulos & T. Michalakopoulos

Second-generation analysis approach for condition assessment of transportation infrastructure using Step-Frequency (SF) Ground-Penetrating-Radar (GPR) array system

N. Gagarin, J.R. Mekemson & D. Goulias

Soft soils boundaries detection by GPR (the Case of Port Antioquia Survey, Colombia)

Y.A. Sukhobok, V.V. Pupatenko, G.M. Stoyanovich & E.V. Fedorenko

Study on the use of low field nuclear magnetic resonance for detecting asphalt aging

I. Menapace, E. Masad, M. Nogueira d’Eurydice, P. Galvosas, M.W. Hunter & O. Sirin

Assessment of pavement structures using non-invasive imaging and geotechnical testing

N. Khoury, C. Saad, Y. Maalouf & M. Nasr

How to create a full-wave GPR model of a 3D domain of railway track bed?

M.G. Brancadoro, F. Tosti, L. Bianchini Ciampoli, L. Pajewski, D. Pirrone, A. Benedetto, A.M. Alani

Airfield pavements structures

Development of new FAA design procedures for extended airport pavement life

D.R. Brill & T.A. Parsons

Development of rational ACN/PCN system

C. Fabre & G. Vaurs

Why can’t the PCN index be uniquely defined?

A. Loizos, A. Armeni & B. Cliatt

Harmonizing PCN reporting on extended airport maneuver areas

C. Busch & A. Rolim

Towards airfield pavement design using cold recycled bound materials

H.I. Lacalle Jimenez, N. Thom & B. Hakim

Design of rigid and flexible airfield pavements on cement-treated base

C. Rabaiotti, D. Tsirantonaki & M. Schnyder

Innovative construction techniques and functional verification on airfield pavements—a Dutch case study

F.R. Bijleveld, A.H. de Bondt, R. Khedoe & M. Stet

Effect of winter contaminants removal techniques on airfield pavement surfaces

S. Anastasio, I. Hoff, K.R. Holm, L. Fensholt & L. Nasbo

Comparing near surface aircraft pavement responses calculated by finite element and layered elastic methods

G. White & W. Smith

Assessment of critical loading conditions on rigid airfield pavements by means of numerical simulation

D. Mounier, J.-M. Piau & O. Chupin

Domain analysis for airfield pavement: Moving forward from point responses

J.A. Hernandez, A. Gamez & I.L. Al-Qadi

Airfield pavement management program of hellenic air force

E. Adamidou & P. Gomatou

Nondestructive detection of voids under airfield pavement

M. Abbasghorbani, A. Bamdad & N. Tabatabaee

Effect of subbase quality on performance of rapid-setting replacement slabs for airfield pavements

J.S. Tingle, H.P. Bell, L.P. Priddy & L. Edwards

Implementing the traffic speed deflectometer for airfield runway assessment

D.D. Rodriguez & L. Edwards

Managing the impact of more demanding aircraft

G. White

Expedient runway upgrade technologies

G. White

Preliminary analysis of pavement life indicators of large- and medium-hub airport runways

T.A. Parsons & D.R. Brill

Impact of joint filling materials on cracking in concrete gutters at large airfields

R. Breitenbuecher

Asphalt Pavement Analyzer—laboratory tool for characterization of rutting performance of airport pavement Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA)

N. Garg, Q. Li & J. Stein

Neural networks prediction of critical responses related to top-down and bottom-up cracking in airfield concrete pavement

A. Rezaei-Tarahomi, O. Kaya, H. Ceylan, K. Gopalakrishnan, S. Kim & D.R. Brill

Influence of airfield pavement roughness and ponding on gear life and safety of commercial aircraft

J.V. Merighi & W. Uddin

Life cycle cost analysis of runway reconstruction alternatives for commercial service airports

M.T. McNerney & G.P. Vittas

Perpetual pavement responses under single and dual wheel aircraft gear loading

H. Wang, M. Li & N. Garg

Railway track structures

Experimental study on cyclic deformation and particle breakage of railway ballast

X. Bian, D. Sun & W. Li

Ballast degradation analysis by Los Angeles Abrasion test and image analysis method

Y.L. Guo & G.Q. Jing

Influence of parallel grading on hydro-mechanical characteristics of unsaturated fouled ballast

T. Ishikawa, S. Matsutani, T. Tokoro, T. Nakamura & Y. Momoya

Analysis and improvement of the dynamic track behaviour in transition zone

H. Wang & V.L. Markine

Influence of water content and triaxial size effects on determination of bearing capacity of fouled ballast

A.K. Rohrman, Z. Yang, H.F. Kashani & C.L. Ho

Roadbed improvement of an existing railway line located in cold region by reusing crushed deteriorated ballast

L.L. Fu, J.H. Xiao, S.H. Zhou, D. Zhang, Y.H. Wang, W.J. Liu & L.H. Jiang

Laboratory characterisation of rigid polyurethane foam reinforced ballast

R.F. du Plooy, P.J. Gräbe & C. Turner

Engineering performance of steel slag as railway ballast

C.-M. Kuo & C.-C. Lin

Effect of temperature and traffic on mix-design of bituminous asphalt for railway sub-ballast layer

F. Martinez Soto, G. Di Mino & F. Acuto

Some results on the properties and behavior of railway ballast

E. Fortunato, A. Paixao, S. Fontul & J. Pires

Theoretical assessment of railway ballast degradation under cyclic loading

P.K. Bajpai & A. Das

Performance testing of geogrid-stabilised ballast and sub-ballast subjected to high speed rail forces

Z. Yu, D.P. Connolly, P.K. Woodward, M. Horton & T.L.H. Oliver

Cumulative deformation characteristic and shakedown limit of railway ballast under cyclic loading

J.H. Xiao, D. Zhang, Y.H. Wang & Z. Luo

The impact of heavy freight train on the roadbed

A.V. Petriaev

Track defects and the dynamic loads due to suspended (sprung) masses of railway vehicles

K. Giannakos

Ensuring of railway ballast and subballast bearing capacity in terms of heavy axle load train operation

A.A. Konon

Performance of track transition remedies implemented in high tonnage heavy axle load environment

D. Li, J. Baillargeon & L. Maal

Design optimization of the modern tram track infrastructure in soft soil area

Y. Shan, J. Zhang, S. Zhou, Q. Gong & B. Wang

Towards analytical asphalt trackbed design

B. Hakim, C. Bonney, M. Brough & C. Govan

Study on the evaluation of track support stiffness of the ballasted track using the FWD

H. Tanigawa, T. Nakamura & Y. Momoya

Use of ballast support condition back-calculator for quantification of ballast pressure distribution under concrete sleepers

Z. Gao, M.S. Dersch, Y. Qian, M.V. Csenge & J.R. Edwards

Effect of stiffness and bearing capacity of railway components on track behaviour: A laboratory approach for design optimization of railway tracks

M. Sol-Sánchez, L. Pirozzolo, F. Moreno-Navarro, G. Martínez-Montes & M.C. Rubio-Gámez

Laboratory evaluation of under-ballast mat effectiveness to mitigate differential movement problem in railway transition zones

A. de O. Lima, M.S. Dersch, Y. Qian, E. Tutumluer & J.R. Edwards

Bearing capacity evaluation of a subgrade in a heavy haul railway in Brazil

R. Costa, R. Motta, L.L.B. Bernucci, E. Moura, J. Pires & L. Oliveira

Laser triangulation measurement system: Application on railway track

S. Cafiso, C. D’Agostino, E. Delfino, A. Di Graziano, R. Fox-Ivey & J. Laurent

Introduction of new systems for evaluation of ballast bearing capacity

S. Cafiso, B. Capace, C. D’Agostino, E. Delfino & A. Di Graziano

Evaluation of the ballast aggregates shape properties using digital image processing techniques

D.F. Diógenes, R.S. Maia & V.T.F. Castelo Branco

Finite element model on stress distribution of ballasted railway subgrade and its validation

Y. Feng, C. Zhao & X. Zhang

Modeling the viscoplastic creep behavior of asphalt concrete for use in ballastless railway tracks in tunnels

O. Lopez Polanco, N. Calon, T. Gabet & P. Hornych

Effect of creep and destructuration under Sebou high speed railway line embankment

A.H. Mridakh, F. Lahlou, A. Mridekh, H. Ejjaaouani & H. Labied

Effect of uneven subgrade settlement in high-speed railway on double-block ballastless track regularity

Y. Guo & W.M. Zhai

Railway track vibration and degradation under train operation

M.J.M.M. Steenbergen, A. Zoeteman, H.J. de Graaf & R. van Dommelen

Impact hammer testing of a railway track

E. Balic, C. McNally & D. Hester

Effects of model scale on lateral resistance characteristic of sleepers in railway ballasted tracks

H. Tomita, K. Hayano & P.T. Anh

Prediction of railway ballast service life

R. Nalsund

Study on the mechanism and inspection method of railway pumping

C.P. Kuo, C.H. Hsu, C.W. Wu, P.L. Liu & D.W. Chen

Next problems with the railway prestressed sleepers cracking in concrete as an effect of delayed ettringite formation

J. Jasiczak & Z. Owsiak

Environmental challenges

Evaluation of Norwegian gradation based regulation for frost susceptibility of crushed rock aggregates in roads and railways

B. Loranger, E. Kuznetsova, I. Hoff, J. Aksnes & K.A. Skoglund

Seasonal temperature distribution in rigid pavements

K. Bayraktarova, L. Eberhardsteiner & R. Blab

Longitude profiling as a tool for evaluation of frost actions active pavement section

T. Edeskär, V. Perez, J. Ullberg & P. Ekdal

A method to assess climate change induced damage on flexible pavements with machine learning

Y. Qiao, Y. Zhang, M. Elshaer & J.S. Daniel

Testing and modeling the behavior of water saturated asphalt concrete under freezing conditions in relation to pavement damaging

V.-T. Vu, O. Chupin, J.-M. Piau, F. Hammoum & P. Lecontee

Predicting subgrade soil strength using FWD and meteorological time series data

L. Gáspár, M. Karoliny & C. Tóth

Bearing capacity analysis of pavement structures for short term flooding events

M. Elshaer, M. Ghayoomi & J.S. Daniel

The importance of maintaining pavement roughness to reduce carbon footprint

A. Drainakis, M. Pomoni & C. Plati

Thermal energy harvesting from asphalt pavement roadways

U. Datta, S. Dessouky & A.T. Papagiannakis

Water-heat response of embankments on permafrost to increasing precipitation

Z. Wen, Z.H. Bao, P.G. Liao, M.L. Zhang, Z.Z. Sun & S.J. Zhang

A water preservation base for pervious pavement of traffic road

S.-Y. Wu, H.-J. Liao & Y.-T. Huang

Applications of an innovative load bearing permeable concrete pavement

Y.H. Lee, H.W. Ker, N.S. Chou & J.W. Chen

Accumulation managing pavement—design, construction and performance for confined areas

A. Dodhiya, M. Dave, P. Modi & J. Shah

The effect of highway geometry on fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles operating in eco-driving mode

G.K. Booto, R.A. Bohne, H. Vignisdottir, K. Pitera, G. Marinelli, H. Brattebo, H. Wallbaum & B. Ebrahimi

Detoxication of the heavy metal ions in water resources by means of mineral geoantidotes

A.S. Sakharova, L.B. Svatovskaya, M.M. Baidarashvili & A.V. Petriaev

Life cycle assessment and sustainability

Sustainable pavement rehabilitation strategy using consequential life cycle assessment: An example of interstate 95

C. DeCarlo, W. Mo, E. Dave & J. Locore

Sustainable implementation of future smart road solutions: A case study on the electrified road

F. Chen, R. Balieu & N. Kringos

Life cycle assessment of an optimized network arch highway bridge utilizing timber

R. O’Born, K. Vertes, G. Pytten, L.O. Hortemo & A. Brandhagen

Economic benefit calculation of quality improvements in road construction

M. Granden, J.M. Johansen & L. Baklokk

Pay adjustment of asphalt pavement based on the Life-Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) and a brief case study in China

X. Zhao, A. Sha & Z. Liu

Full-scale testing

Deflections and dynamic responses of asphalt pavement with graded-broken-stone base: An investigation based on Heavy Vehicle Simulator (HVS)

A. Sha, Z. Liu, W. Zhao, L. Hu, J. Wang & Z. Han

Fast Falling Weight Deflectometer (FastFWD) for Accelerated Pavement Testing (APT)

M. Manosalvas-Paredes, A. Navarro Comes, M. Francesconi, S. Khosravifar & P. Ullidtz

Pavement strengthening with respect to frost penetration: A laboratory study using a full-scale heavy vehicle simulator

J.-P. Bilodeau, J.-P. Cloutier, G. Doré & P.M. Thiam

Use of accelerated pavement testing for degree of risk due to road cavity

H.M. Park, Y.T. Kim, J.Y. Choi & B. Kim

Full-scale accelerated pavement testing of geogrid stabilized roads

J.S. Tingle, G.J. Norwood, W.J. Robinson, M.H. Wayne & J. Kwon

Case histories

Case study of a performance based contract for asphalt pavement overlay in Korea

J. Lee, B. Kim, J. Lim & Y. Kim

Design of Ultra-Thin Continuously Reinforced Concrete (UTCRC) and Enrobé à Module Élevé (EME) implemented as alternative remedial actions

S.J. Bredenhann, J.L. van Heerden, P.J. Strauss & P.J. Joubert

Resurfacing of the Queen Elizabeth II bridge: Binder selection and evaluation

I. Artamendi, B. Allen, C. Allpress, P. Phillips & C. Wingrove

Geotechnical assessment strategy for bridge maintenance—case study

O. Hamza

About the Editors

Dr. Andreas Loizos holds a Diploma in Civil Engineering from the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), a Dr.-Ing. Degree in Pavement Mechanics from the University of Hannover, Germany and a post-doctoral scholar of the German Research Council (DFG). He is Full Professor of Pavement Engineering at the School of Civil Engineering, Director of the Laboratory of Pavement Engineering and currently Head of the Department of Transportation Planning and Engineering of NTUA since 2006. His main interests include road and airfields pavement engineering, geophysical measurements in pavements, as well as aspects of railway track assessment. He is the Associate Editor of the International Journal of Pavement Engineering(IJPE) and Chair or Co-Chair of International Conferences in Pavement Science and Technology.

Prof. Imad Al-Qadi is Professor of Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA. He is also the Director of the Advanced Transportation Research and Engineering Laboratory (ATREL) and the founding Director of the Illinois Center for Transportation (ICT). Prior to that, he was the Charles E. Via, Jr. Professor at Virginia Tech. A registered professional engineer, Professor Al-Qadi has authored/ coauthored around 600 publications and has delivered more than 550 presentations including numerous keynote lectures and has led more than 120 projects to completion.

Prof. Tom Scarpas holds the Chair of Pavement Engineering and is the Head of the Pavement Engineering Section in the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at Delft University of Technology, in the Netherlands. His research interests include constitutive modelling of pavement materials, pavement mechanics & design, chemo-mechanical modelling of ageing and healing in asphaltic materials, wheel-pavement interaction, modelling of moisture induced damage in asphalt mixtures, non-linear finite element analysis techniques and mechanics of multiphase media. Tom is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Pavement Engineering. He has organized several international Conferences, Workshops and Seminars.

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