1st Edition

Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields, Two Volume Set Proceedings of the 8th International Conference (BCR2A'09), June 29 - July 2 2009, Unversity of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, Champaign, Illinois, USA

    Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields focuses on issues pertaining to the bearing capacity of highway and airfield pavements and railroad track structures and provided a forum to promote efficient design, construction and maintenance of the transportation infrastructure. The collection of papers from the Eighth International Conference on the Bearing Capacity of Roads, Railways and Airfields (BCR2A09) includes contributions on a variety of topics and will be of particular interest to academics, researchers, and practitioners involved in geotechnical, pavement, and railroad engineering disciplines. It is primarily concerned with the many issues pertaining to the bearing capacity and mechanistic based design of highway and airfield pavements and railroad track structures.


    Keynote presentations

    From bearing capacity to mechanistic design: The role of soil mechanics in asphalt pavement engineering
    S.F. Brown

    The performance of rail track incorporating the effects of ballast breakage, confining pressure and geosynthetic reinforcement
    B. Indraratna, S. Nimbalkar & D. Christie

    Airport pavement design for the 21st century 
    S.K. Agrawal

    Subgrade soils

    Improving subgrade strength and pavement performance by chemical treating subgrade soils
    N. Bandara & M.J. Grazioli

    Study of dry sludge stabilization from Water Treatment Plant (WTP) in Taiaçupeba to use as compacted soil in earthwork ditches 
    R.M. Fortes, J.V. Merighi, D.R. Pauli, M.A.L. Barros, M.H. de Carvalho, N.C. Menetti, Á.S. Barbosa, F.V. Ribeiro & B.B. Bento

    Alternatives to heavy test rolling for cohesive subgrade assessment 
    D.J. White, P.K.R. Vennapusa, H.H. Gieselman, L. Johanson & J. Siekmeier

    A comparative subgrade evaluation using CBR, vane shear, light weight deflectometer, and resilient modulus tests 
    N. Garg, A. Larkin & H. Brar

    Stabilization of clays using liquid enzymes 
    Y. Yilmaz, A.G. Gungor & C. Avsar

    The effect of moisture hysteresis on resilient modulus of subgrade soils 
    C. Khoury & N. Khoury

    Dynamic properties of a full weathering granite subgrade and other pavement materials studied by model tests 
    J. Zou, Z. Li & X. Cao
    The use of geofiber and synthetic fluid for stabilizing marginal soils 
    K. Hazirbaba & B. Connor

    Subgrade modification—practitioner’s experience 
    T. McCleary

    “Baku Bayil Yard Site” soil improvement geotechnical works 
    E. Guler, A. Gure & E. Cetin

    Resilient characteristics of bottom ash 
    H.H. Titi, A.R. Coenen & M.B. Elias

    Precision triaxial equipment for the evaluation of the elastic behavior of soils 
    N. Araújo & A. Gomes Correia

    Granular materials

    A performance study of different curing materials applied to soil-Portland cement base course cure 
    R.M. Fortes & J.V. Merighi

    Pavement base unbound granular materials gradation optimization 
    J.P. Bilodeau, G. Doré & P. Pierre

    Influence of the macroscopic cohesion on the 3D FE modeling of a flexible pavement rut depth 
    F. Allou, C. Petit, C. Chazallon & P. Hornych

    Effect of grading and moisture on the deformation properties of unbound granular aggregates 
    L.U. Mathisen

    IDOT test loop: Evaluating the field performance of various dense graded aggregates 
    G. Heckel

    Analytical evaluation of unbound granular layers in regard to permanent deformation 
    L.A.T. Brito, A.R. Dawson & P.J. Kolisoja

    Processed Portuguese steel slag—A new geomaterial 
    A. Gomes Correia, S.M. Reis Ferreira, A.J. Roque & A. Cavalheiro

    Resilient modulus of hydraulically bound road base materials with high volume waste dust 
    H. Al Nageim & P. Visulios

    Characterizing natural and recycled granular materials for (sub)base layers of roads by cyclic triaxial testing 
    C. Grégoire, B. Dethy, J. Detry & A. Gomes Correia

    Resilient modulus of unbound base material containing extra waste - Stancombe limestone dust 
    B. Saghafi & H. Al Nageim

    Characterizing aggregate permanent deformation behavior based on types and amounts of fines 
    D. Mishra, E. Tutumluer, J. Kern & A. Butt

    Asphalt mixtures

    Use of polymer modified binders to reduce rutting in Nordic asphalt pavements 
    B.O. Lerfald, J. Aurstad & N.S. Uthus

     Contribution of asphalt mix components to permanent deformation resistance 
    P.M. Muraya, A.A.A. Molenaar & M.F.C. van de Ven

    A new rutting evaluation indicator for asphalt mixtures 
    K. Su, L. Sun, Y. Hachiya & R. Maekawa

    Evaluation of different predictive dynamic modulus models of asphalt mixtures used in Argentina 
    F.O. Martínez & S.M. Angelone

    Development of wear resistant pavements using polymer modified binders 
    R.G. Saba, L.J. Bakløkk, J. Aksnes & B.O. Lerfald

    Permanent deformation evaluation of Idaho Superpave mixes using the gyratory stability 
    F. Bayomy, A. Abu Abdo & M.J. Santi

    Prediction of the dynamic modulus of Superpave mixes 
    A. Abu Abdo, F. Bayomy, R. Nielsen, T. Weaver, S.J. Jung & M.J. Santi

    Laboratory evaluation of warm mix asphalt using Sasobit® 
    S.W. Goh, Y. Liu & Z. You

    Dynamic modulus prediction of asphalt concrete using three tensile tests 
    S. Adhikari & Z. You

    Assessing low temperature properties of asphalt materials by means of static testing techniques 
    M. Wistuba, K. Mollenhauer & K. Metzker

    Ageing of stone mastic asphalt and evaluation of cracking resistance 
    S. Büchler, K. Mollenhauer, M. Wistuba & P. Renken

    Fatigue resistance of hot mix asphalt at low temperatures—Is there a way to reduce the test efforts? 
    K. Mollenhauer & M. Wistuba

    Hot mix asphalt produced from marble waste 
    C. Gurer, H. Akbulut & A. Yildiz

    Discrete element analysis of aggregate variability, blending, and fracture in asphalt mixture 
    E. Masad, E. Mahmoud & S. Nazarian

    Multidirectional behavior of bituminous mixture 
    P. Clec’h, C. Sauzéat & H. Di Benedetto

    Design of pavements containing foamed bitumen recycled layers 
    M. Losa, R. Bacci, A. Terrosi Axerio & P. Leandri

    Long-term study on asphalt mixture segregation in Connecticut: Preliminary results on use of MTV 
    D.J. Nener-Plante & A. Zofka

    In-situ measurement techniques and developments

    Development of the UK highways agency traffic speed deflectometer 
    B. Ferne, P. Langdale, N. Round & R. Fairclough

    Implementation of a network-level falling weight deflectometer survey of Virginia’s interstate system 
    B.K. Diefenderfer, T. Chowdhury & R.A. Shekharan
    Application of FBG strain sensors in the measurement of three-directional strains within asphalt pavement 
    D. Zejiao, T. Yiqiu, C. Fengchen & L. Hao

    3D visualization model of road surface 
    X. Li, S. Ma & X. Hou

    Three years of high speed deflectograph measurements of the Danish state road network 
    S. Baltzer

    A method for benefiting pavement quality assurance measures related to roughness condition surveys 
    C. Plati & A. Loizos

    Structural roadway assessment with frequency response function 
    J.-M. Simonin, D. Lièvre & J.-C. Dargenton

    Deflection measurement: The need of a continuous and full view approach 
    J.-M. Simonin, L.-M. Cottineau, V. Muzet, C. Heinkele & Y. Guillard

    Modeling & methods of functional testing

    Laboratory characterization of half-warm mix asphalts with high recycling rate by means of the factorial experiment design approach 
    F. Olard, E. Beduneau, D. Bonneau, S. Dupriet & N. Seignez

    Viability of the use of construction and demolition debris in hot mix asphalt 
    I. Pérez, M. Toledano & J. Gallego

    Thermal stresses of asphalt pavement with temperature-dependent modulus of elasticity 
    Y. Zhong & L.Geng

    Rigid pavement reinforcement: Modeling of structural behavior 
    P. Domingos, M.L. Antunes & J.M.C. Neves

    Development and testing of low noise pavements in Norway 
    J. Aksnes, R.G. Saba & T. Berge

    Roughness progression models by regression and artificial neural network techniques 
    E. Taddesse & H. Mork

    Joint modeling for JPCP: Successes and pending problems
    E.H. Guo

    Mechanistic modelling of potential interlayer slip at base sub-base level 
    E. Horak, J.W. Maina, S.E. Emery & B. Walker

    PFC2D simulation research on vibrating compaction test of soil and rock aggregate mixture 
    X. Jia, H. Chai, Z. Yan & Y. Zheng

    Axi-symmetric analyses of vertically inhomogeneous elastic multilayered systems 
    J.W. Maina, Y. Ozawa & K. Matsui

    Models to estimate k subgrade reaction modulus values based on deflection basin parameters 
    C.Y. Suzuki, C.R.G. Santos, S. Ferri, F.M. Lopes, R.T.G. Cruz & A.M. Azevedo
    Application of gray theory in settlement forecast of rock-fill highway embankment 
    X. Wang, W. Qin, M.C. Wang & Z. Wang

    FEM analysis of the bearing plate deflection tests on rubblized concrete pavement
    Y. Liu, Y. Sheng & L. Wang

    Data mining applied to compaction of geomaterials 
    R. Marques, A. Gomes Correia & P. Cortez

    Finite element analyses of pavement materials at or near failure: A constant bulk modulus approach 
    C. Gonzalez & S. Jersey

    Use of 3-dimensional discrete element model to examine aggregate layer particle movement due to load wander 
    P.R. Donovan, E. Tutumluer & H. Huang

    Backcalculation analyses of deflection measurements

    Backcalculation of the stiffnesses of cement treated base courses using artificial intelligence 
    M. Miradi, A.A.A. Molenaar, M.F.C. van de Ven & S. Molenaar

    Bearing capacity assessment of recycled asphalt pavements
    V. Papavasiliou & A. Loizos

    Dynamic analysis of non-destructive tests 
    W.T. van Bijsterveld & R.L. Álvarez Loranca

    Automated pavement thickness evaluation for FWD backcalculation 
    K.R. Maser, L.A. McGrath, B.C. Miller, H. Ceylan & G. Sanati

    Analysis of FWD data and characterization of airfield pavement materials in New Mexico 
    M.U. Ahmed, R. Bisht & R.A. Tarefder

    SOFTSYS for backcalculation of full-depth asphalt pavement layer moduli 
    O. Pekcan, E. Tutumluer & J. Ghaboussi

    Deterministic-empirical backcalculation of LWD deflection basins 
    R.N. Stubstad, H.C. Korsgaard, K. Olsen & J.P. Pedersen

    New and/or innovative techniques in compaction & construction

    Long-term in-situ measurements of concrete culverts with high fills 
    J. Vaslestad, G.Y. Yesuf & T.H. Johansen

    Research and applications of new pavement structure based on large stone porous asphalt mixture 
    B. Yufeng, W. Songgen & G. Huber

    Fiber-reinforced concrete pavement design and material requirements 
    A. Bordelon & J.R. Roesler

    Using falling weight deflectometer data for new construction interactive design 
    C.A. Lenngren

    Appraisal of density-based field compaction control test validity 
    J. Sadrekarimi & S. Seyyedi
    Continuous compaction control: Preliminary data from a Delaware case study 
    F.S. Tehrani & C.L. Meehan

    Geostatistical analysis of roller-integrated continuous compaction control data 
    N. Facas, M. Mooney & R. Furrer


    Structural evaluation & performance prediction

    Evaluation of effectiveness of FWD use for assessment of pavement interlayer bond 
    D. Sybilski, T. Mechowski & P. Harasim

    The use of impact-stiffness modulus outputs from FWD measurements to determine PCN in Israel 
    M. Livneh

    Temperature correction of falling weight deflectometer measurements 
    E. Straube & D. Jansen

    Nature resources and functional road design criteria 
    C.A. Lenngren & R. Fredriksson

    Lightweight deflectometers for quality assurance in road construction 
    P.R. Fleming, M.W. Frost & J.P. Lambert

    The use of surfacing service life as a parameter in pavement strengthening design 
    G. Refsdal, R. Johansen & G. Berntsen

    Going beyond elastic response while evaluating falling weight deflectometer data 
    C.A. Lenngren

    Pavement contribution to truck rolling resistance 
    C.A. Lenngren

    Structural assessment of the English strategic road network—latest developments 
    B. Ferne, R. Sinhal & R. Fairclough

    Practical use of light weight deflectometer for pavement design 
    S. Baltzer, C. Hejlesen, H.C. Korsgaard & P.E. Jakobsen

    Structural evaluation of rubblized concrete pavements in Iowa  
    H. Ceylan, K. Gopalakrishnan & S. Kim

    Structural evaluation of Full-Depth Reclamation in Virginia 
    A.K. Apeagyei & B.K. Diefenderfer

    Structural design systems for new construction & rehabilitation

    A probabilistic approach to flexible aircraft pavement thickness determination 
    G.W. White

    Comparison of design thickness between the 1993 AASHTO Guide and MEPDG for full depth reclamation pavement 
    Y. Ji & T.E. Nantung

    Dynamic response of rigid pavements under moving traffic loads with variable velocities 
    Y. Zhong & L. Geng
    Design of pavement rehabilitation to reduce the reflective cracking in pavements with cement stabilized bases 
    E. Padilla

    Verification of mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide for the state of New Jersey 
    N. Siraj, Y.A. Mehta, K.M. Muriel & R.W. Sauber

    Mechanistic evaluation of second generation preservation overlays 
    D.A. Morian, S. Sadasivam, S.M. Stoffels, G. Chehab & T. Kumar

    A robust approach for the evaluation of airport pavement bearing capacity 
    Y.H. Lee, Y.B. Liu, J.D. Lin & H.W. Ker

    Influence of unbound materials on flexible pavement performance: A comparison of the AASHTO and MEPDG methods 
    C.W. Schwartz

    Bearing capacity designs for challenging conditions & load effects

    The premature failure of slab pavements on heavily trafficked industrial sites 
    C. Van Geem & O. De Myttenaere

    The discussion on the “b” value of the axle load conversion in China 
    X. Wang & L. Zhang

    Load bearing analysis of EPS-block geofoam embankments 
    D. Arellano & T.D. Stark

    A review of the influence of chalk on pavement performance in the South East of England, UK 
    M. Zohrabi

    Design methodology based on strength and its application to full weathering granite used in highway subgrade 
    Z. Li & C. Dong

    Sustainable reconstruction of highways with in-situ reclamation of materials stabilized for heavier loads 
    H. Wen & T.B. Edil

    Estimating bearing capacity for opportune landing sites 
    R. Affleck, L. Barna, S. Shoop & C. Ryerson

    Shear strength properties of naturally occurring bituminous sands 
    J. Anochie-Boateng & E. Tutumluer

    Effects of bearing capacity and load transfer efficiency of jointed concrete pavements on reflective cracking in hot-mix asphalt overlays 
    J. Baek & I.L. Al-Qadi

    Bearing capacity designs for climatic conditions

    Use of Ground Penetrating Radar for detection of salt concentration on Norwegian winter roads 
    A. Lalagüe, I. Hoff, E. Eide & A. Svanekil

    Seasonal coefficients for the pavement roads in Polish climate conditions 
    M. Graczyk
    Seal courses for a soft asphalt pavement with semi-rigid base in cold regions 
    X. Wang, X. Zhang & Y. Tan

    Thermal stress analysis in ultra-thin whitetopping pavement 
    J.R. Roesler & D. Wang

    Effect of a changed climate on gravel roads 
    P.O. Aursand & I. Horvli

    Water impact on the structural behavior of a pavement structure 
    S. Erlingsson

    Reinforcement of structural layers

    Investigation of the effect of a polypropylene fiber material on the shear strength and CBR characteristics of high plasticity Ankara clay 
    M. Mollamahmutoglu & Y. Yilmaz

    Evaluation of geogrid displacement on subbase reinforcement using specially designed pullout test 
    M.V. Akpinar & T. Sert

    Performance of flexible pavements reinforced with steel fabric 
    S.F. Said, H. Carlsson & H. Hakim

    Evaluation of asphalt road pavement rehabilitation using steel mesh reinforcement 
    J.M.C. Neves & A.R.D. Alves

    In-situ strain measurement during dynamic shear loading of an unbound geogrid reinforced pavement section 
    B.R. Cox, B. Curry, C.M. Wood, C. Young & J.S. McCartney

    Experimental study on bearing capacity of geocell-reinforced bases 
    S.K. Pokharel, J. Han, R.L. Parsons, Y. Qian, D. Leshchinsky & I. Halahmi

    Utilization of recycled materials

    The influence of virgin aggregate content on the strength and modulus of cold in place reclaimed asphalt pavement 
    H. Wang, P. Hao & K. Zhang

    Unbound crushed concrete in high volume roads—evaluation of field behavior and structural performance 
    J. Aurstad, J.E. Dahlhaug & G. Berntsen

    Expansive characteristics of RAP materials for use as aggregates in the pavement substructure layers 
    D. Deniz, E. Tutumluer & J.S. Popovics

    Study on fully and highly efficiently recycling of waste concrete 
    L. Lu, Y. He & S. Hu

    Railroad track structures

    Evaluation of roadbed stiffness on bearing capacity of railroad ballast with discontinuous analysis
    T. Ishikawa, T. Kamei, E. Sekine & Y. Ohnishi

    Pressure measurements and structural performance of hot mixed asphalt railway trackbeds 
    L.S. Bryson & J.G. Rose
    Emerging trends for high-speed rail track superstructures—ballastless track as an alternative to the ballasted track 
    A.M. Paixão, E.C. Fortunato & M.L. Antunes

    An innovative slab track test-line in China 
    J. Ren, R. Xiang & B. Lechner

    Performance improvement of railroads over soft subgrades with geocell reinforcement 
    S. Saride, A.J. Puppala, S. Pradhan & T.G. Sitharam

    Actions on railway track panel and ballast—behavior of the Hellenic limestone ballast 
    K. Giannakos & A. Loizos

    Reducing track faults using polymer geocomposite technology 
    P.K. Woodward, G. Medero & D.V. Griffiths

    Ballast evaluation and hot mix asphalt performance 
    H.M. Lees

    Effects of incorporating a bituminous subballast layer on the deformation of railway trackbeds 
    T. Ferreira, P.F. Teixeira & R. Cardoso

    Influence of the stiffness-damping coupling of the foundation in the performance of a high-speed train track 
    J. Cunha & A. Gomes Correia

    Measurement of vibrations induced by high-speed trains 
    J. Martins, A. Gomes Correia, L.F. Ramos, J. Marcelino, L. Caldeira & J. Delgado

    The use of biaxial geogrids for enhancing the performance of sub-ballast and ballast layers—previous experience and research 
    J. Kwon & J. Penman

    Comparison of in situ performance-based tests methods to evaluate moduli of railway embankments 
    A. Gomes Correia, J. Martins, L. Caldeira, E. Maranha das Neves & J. Delgado

    Railway bridge transition case study 
    J.P. Hyslip, D. Li & C.R. McDaniel

    Comparison of coal dust fouled railroad ballast behavior—granite vs. limestone 
    W. Dombrow, H. Huang & E. Tutumluer

    Full-scale testing

    Validation of NCAT structural test track experiment using INDOT APT facility 
    E. Levenberg

    Construction and field performance of hot mix asphalt with moderate and high RAP contents 
    R. West, N. Tran, A. Kvasnak, B. Powell & P. Turner

    Analysis of in-pavement sensor data for CC2 new rigid test items at the FAA National Airport Pavement Test Facility 
    D.R. Brill & E.H. Guo

    Using the viscoelasticity and continuum damage theories to quantify the effects of loading speed in accelerated pavement testing results 
    K.M. Theisen, D.R. Victorino, W.P. Nunez & J.A.P. Ceratti

    Full-scale aircraft tire pressure tests 
    C. Fabre, J. Balay, P. Lerat & A. Mazars

    Comparison of precast and cast-in-place concrete pavements responses under heavy vehicle simulator loads 
    E. Kohler, J. Harvey, L. Du Plessis & L. Motumah

    Field testing of concrete pavements at Chicago O’Hare International Airport 
    Y.-S. Liu & D. Lange

    Unbonded concrete overlay movements in response to gear loads 
    D.A. Morian, S. Sadasivam, J. Reiter, S.M. Stoffels, L. Yeh & A. Ioannides

    Case histories

    Idaho Airport saves time and money with full-depth reclamation 
    G.E. Halsted

    Mitigating unbound roadway rutting caused by groundwater movement 
    V. Diyaljee

    Use of bitumen emulsion in urban paving 
    C.R. de Carvalho Filho, F.P. Cavalcante, C. de Medeiros Brito Cavalcante, J.A. Gonçalves de Macêdo & I.D. da Silva Pontes Filho

    A case study: Quantification and modeling of asphalt overlay delamination on an airport pavement 
    E. Horak, J.W. Maina & S.E. Emery

    Taxiway embankment over soft ground using staged construction 
    R. Wells, X. Barrett & T. Wells

    Evaluation of runway bearing capacity: In-situ measurements and laboratory tests 
    A. Graziani, F. Cardone, E. Santagata & S. Barbati

    Lessons learned during regular monitoring of in situ pavement bearing capacity conditions 
    P. Paige-Green


    Erol Tutumluer and Imad L. Al-Qadi both from the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA.