1st Edition

Behaviour of Steel Structures in Seismic Areas

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ISBN 9780415621052
Published January 9, 2012 by CRC Press
1130 Pages

USD $430.00

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Book Description

Behaviour of Steel Structures in Seismic Areas  is a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of seismic resistant steel structures. It comprises a collection of papers presented at the seventh International Specialty Conference STESSA 2012 (Santiago, Chile, 9-11 January 2012), and includes the state-of-the-art in both theoretical and experimental research on the behaviour of steel structures in seismic areas. The book is organized in the following sections:

- Performance-Based Design of Structures;

- Seismic, Wind and Exceptional Load;

- Material Behaviour;

- Member Behaviour;

- Connection Behaviour;

- Global Behaviour;

- Analytical and Experimental Methods;

- Mixed and Composite Structures;

- Passive and Active Control;

- Strengthening and Repairing;

- Codification;

- Design, Fabrication and Practice.

Behaviour of Steel Structures in Seismic Areas aims to close the gap between the results of academic research, codification and application on the one hand, and common practice on the other. This book provides a complete framework of the most recent trends in the field of steel structures in seismic areas, with particular reference to the utilisation of multi-level performance based design concepts, the analysis of factors influencing the steel structure behaviour during strong ground motions, minimizing earthquake damage, seismic retrofit, the collapse behaviour of steel structures, recent developments in advanced large-scale experimental techniques, and the utilization of large-scale seismic testing facilities. The book is a valuable resource for engineers, academia and Ph.D. students in Civil Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, Structural Engineering, Steel Construction, Steel Development, and Building Disaster Prevention.

Table of Contents


Keynote lectures

Recent worldwide application of seismic isolation and energy dissipation to steel and other materials structures and conditions for their correct use
A. Martelli, P. Clemente, F. Saitta & M. Forni

Multistorey steel framed building damage from the Christchurch earthquake series of 2010/2011
G.C. Clifton, M. Bruneau, G.A. MacRae, R. Leon & A. Fussell

Responses of tall buildings in Tokyo during the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
K. Kasai, W.C. Pu & A. Wada

Seismic performance of steel structures during the 2010 Maule earthquake
R.A. Herrera, J.F. Beltran, C. Aguirre & A. Verdugo

Analytical and experimental methods

Seismic failure analysis of a composite girder bridge
F. Schanack, J.P. Reyes & R. Luco

Cyclic tests of beam-upright connections in racking systems with a new hybrid procedure
L. Calado, C.A. Castiglioni & A. Drei

Development of standard dynamic loading protocol for buckling-restrained braced frames
M. Dehghani & R. Tremblay

Hybrid simulation of a 2-story steel MRF retrofitted with HPFRC infill panels
D.G. Lignos, D.M. Moreno & S.L. Billington

Estimation of the risk amplification in steel buildings subject to seismic actions using Monte Carlo simulation
C.A. Bermúdez, J.E. Hurtado, A.H. Barbat & L.G. Pujades

Effects of low-cycle fatigue on steel moment frames with RBS
A. Amiri, F. Rojas & J.C. Anderson

Reliability-based seismic response transformation factors using Artificial Neural Network
J. Bojórquez, S.E. Ruiz & E. Bojórquez-Mora

Finite element modeling of the inelastic cyclic response and fracture life of square tubular steel bracing members subjected to seismic inelastic loading
A. Roufegarinejad & R. Tremblay

Experimental and analytical modelling of seismic behaviour of braced framed structures with “zipper” mechanism
A.M. Reinhorn & M. Schachter

Application of Endurance Time method in seismic assessment of mid-rise and high-rise steel moment and braced frames
M.A. Hariri Ardebili, Y. Zarringhalam, M. Yahyai & M. Mirtaheri

A finite element approach for modeling bolted top-and-seat angle moment connections
D.J. Ruffley, J.A. Swanson & G.A. Rassati

Study on concentrically V-braced frames under cyclic loading
M. Serra, C. Rebelo, L.S. Silva, A. Tenchini, M. D’Aniello & R. Landolfo

Computer-based nonlinear analysis method for seismic performance assessment of 3D frameworks
C.G. Chiorean, G. Tarta, G.M. Barsan, Zs. Gobesz & M. Nedelcu

A fast incremental-iterative procedure for ultimate strength analysis and design of composite steel-concrete cross-sections
C.G. Chiorean

Real-time hybrid simulations of a 3-story steel frame building with magneto-rheological dampers subject to strong ground motions
Y. Chae, J.M. Ricles & R. Sause

Influence of friction on the constraints with degrees of freedom on the seismic behavior of steel structures
A. La Tegola & W. Mera

Seismic evaluation of a braced plan irregular steel structure using hybrid testing
D.P. McCrum & B.M. Broderick

Seismic testing of concentrically braced frame models for the BRACED project
A.D. Hunt & B.M. Broderick

Connection behavior

Numerical study on welded beam-to-column joints in hybrid-steel building frames
B. Čermelj & D. Beg

Cyclic behavior of a new mechanical beam-to-column connection for steel structures
J. Iyama, Y. Fukushima, K. Araki, S. Piao, K. Hirosawa, N. Sato & E. Ohata

Beam-to-column connection for built-up column using ultra-high-strength steel
X. Lin, Y. Chung, T. Okazaki & M. Nakashima

Experimental research on hysteretic behavior of non-diaphragm joint connecting cold-formed steel tube and H-shaped beam
L. Zhang & Y. Chen

Finite element simulation of cyclic flexural behavior for braced frame beam-column connections
C.D. Stoakes & L.A. Fahnestock

Cyclic behavior of welded T-shapes for Double Welded T-connections
M.A. Bravo & R.A. Herrera

Prequalification of two beam-to-column welded moment connections with reduced beam section and with cover plate in beam for steel building applications under the action of dynamic load
C.A. Cerón, G. Areiza & P. Thomson

Cumulative damage models for steel moment frame connections
S.D. Campbell & R.M. Richard

Shim and bolt size effects on the Asymmetric Friction Connection
H.H. Khoo, G.C. Clifton, J.W. Butterworth & G.A. MacRae

Experimental study on mechanical behavior of weld-free steel structure with knee brace damper using square tube column
Y. Koetaka, K. Suita, K. Inoue, N. Uno, Y. Fukuchi & D. Kawai

On bottom steel plate to concrete anchorage in hybrid steel trussed concrete beams
N. Cancelliere, P. Colajanni & L. La Mendola

Control of bolted beam-to-column connections in moment joints by T-stub properties
D. Grecea, N. Muntean & D. Dubin

Seismic behaviour of the diagonal through plate moment connection
S. Torabian, S.R. Mirghaderi & F. Keshavarzi

Study on structural behavior of weldless joint in beam-to-column connection of interior column with knee brace reinforcement
S. Honma, K. Ebato & Y. Harada

Friction T-stub joints under cyclic loads: Experimental behavior
M. Latour, V. Piluso & G. Rizzano

Strength capacity of the gusset plate connection with fillet welds
Y. Cui, H. Asada, S. Kishiki & S. Yamada

PTED beam-to-column connections for seismic resistant steel frames
B. Faggiano, M. Esposto & F.M. Mazzolani

Inelastic seismic performance of brace connections in steel tension-only concentrically braced frames
J. Hartley, C.A. Rogers, P.X. Castonguay & R. Tremblay

Design, fabrication and practice

Steel structure base shear coefficient comparison among the codes
K. Zandparsa

Design of composite slabs with profiled steel sheeting under concentrated loads
L. Calado

Design of the Linked Column Frame structural system
A.P. Lopes, P. Dusicka & J.W. Berman

Design of large scale wind turbine towers in seismic areas
C.C. Baniotopoulos, I. Lavassas, G. Nikolaidis & P. Zervas

Earthquake resistant design of eccentric, braced frame, steel buildings for improved inelastic response
M.T. Kyrkos & S.A. Anagnostopoulos

Seismic design and experimental tests of an Italian cold formed steel structure
O. Iuorio, L. Fiorino, V. Macillo & R. Landolfo

Performance of steel tanks in Chile 2010 and 1985 earthquakes
P. Pineda, G.R. Saragoni & E. Arze L.

Global behavior

Seismic performance of a high-rack warehouse structure with vertical and horizontal mass asymmetries
S. Petrovcic & V. Kilar

Seismic behavior of steel buildings: Perimeter vs spatial moment frames
A. Reyes-Salazar, O. Rivera-Leyva, E. Bojórquez-Mora,H.E. Rodriguez-Lozoya & A. López-Barraza

Comparative assessment of the seismic performance of steel building configurations
C. Málaga-Chuquitaype & A.Y. Elghazouli

Seismic simulation and design of low-rise CBF buildings with and without dissipative connections using OpenSees
L. Tirca, C. Caprarelli & N. Danila

Control of vibrations by means of independent stiff braces for seismic protection
R.E. Tosoni

Seismic performance of high-strength steel moment-resisting frames
A.T. Silva, C. Rebelo, L.S. Silva, M. Serra, L.R.O. Lima, M. D’Aniello & R. Landolfo

Cyclic full-scale test of a two-story special steel beam-through braced frame for industrialized steel residential house
Q. Zhou, W. Wang, Y. Chen & L. Tong

Seismic response of semi-rigid connections of moment resisting steel buildings: A parametric study on the effects of strength and stiffness
A. Gómez-Bernal, E. Cruz-Mendoza & H. Juárez-García

Damage-based seismic performance evaluation of masonry-infilled steel frames
N. Nanos, A. Elenas & D. Tzourmakliotou

Local-buckling analysis of lower chord member in steel truss bridge under seismic loading
E. Yamaguchi & K. Yamada

Interdependence between seismic damage and masonry-infill wall topology for steel structures with a bare ground floor
N. Nanos, A. Elenas & D. Tzourmakliotou

Impact of gravity loads on the lateral performance of cold-formed steel frame/steel sheathed shear walls
J. DaBreo, I. Shamim & C.A. Rogers

Response behavior of steel buildings under pulsive earthquake ground motion during inland shallow earthquake
N. Takiyama, Y. Hayashi & H. Minami

P-delta effects on the response of steel moment-resisting frame structures
A.G. Ramos-Zela & T.J. Sullivan

Field measurements and numerical predictions of the dynamic properties of a low-rise steel building with a flexible steel roof deck diaphragm
J. Proulx, B. Boulanger, C.-P. Lamarche, P. Paultre, F. Bakhti, R. Tremblay, K. Shrestha & C.A. Rogers

Seismic performance of steel concentrically braced frames with bracing members intersecting columns between floors
A. Imanpour, R. Tremblay & A. Davaran

New aspects concerning the ductility of steel members
A.S. Anastasiadis, M. Mosoarca & V. Gioncu

Simplified assessment of the seismic collapse capacity of flexible moment-resisting steel frame structures
C. Adam & C. Jäger

Seismic response of dual eccentrically braced systems designed by Eurocode 8
M. Bosco, A. Ghersi & P.P. Rossi

Seismic behaviour of a large span welded steel structure considering lateral restraints and initial imperfections: A case study
Zs. Nagy, I.M. Cristutiu & D.L. Nunes

Residual stress and out-of-plumb effects on steel column seismic behaviour
G.A. MacRae, A. Lu, V. Sadashiva, A. Wada, T. Masuno, R. Ziemian & G.C. Clifton

Contribution of shear connections to the lateral stiffness of steel frames
M.A. Barber, G.A. Rassati & J.A. Swanson

Influence of the initial imperfections on the seismic performance of pitched roof portal frames made of welded non-prismatic plated elements
I.M. Cristutiu & D.L. Nunes

Seismic behavior of setback and pyramid-shaped steel moment-resisting frames designed by an energy-based method
Z. Chegini, S.R. Mirghaderi, Sh. Vahdani & F. Keshavarzi

Global performance of steel frames of shear walls
D. Dubina, F. Dinu & C. Neagu

Influence of connections on the seismic behaviour of hybrid hot-rolled and cold-formed steel frames
B. Calderoni, C. Giubileo & M. Tarantino

A comprehensive study on the performance of Submerged Floating Tunnels during severe seismic events
G. Martire, B. Faggiano, F.M. Mazzolani, A. Zollo & T.A. Stabile

Seismic assessment of existing steel braced frames designed in accordance with the 1980 Canadian code provisions
Y. Jiang, Y. Balazadeh-Minouei, R. Tremblay, S. Koboevic & L. Tirca

Member behavior

Lateral buckling of steel I beams with different boundary conditions by numerical simulation
H.A. Sánchez & C. Cortés

Finite element study of the cyclic flexural behavior of hollow structural sections
M.F. Fadden & J.P. McCormick

Impact of flange holes on the strength and ductility of steel beams
K.S. Sivakumaran & P. Arasaratnam

Experimental study on buckling-restrained steel plate shear walls
H.J. Jin, Y. Lu, X.L. Liu, F. Sun & G.-Q. Li

Challenges in designing ultra-lightweight buckling restrained brace
J. Tinker & P. Dusicka

Experimental study on brittle fracture of buckling-restrained braces influences of core plate welding specifications and experimental temperatures
M. Iwata, M. Murai & T. Nakagomi

Seismic shear response of slab with distributed mass (linear-elastic bay model to story shear)
C. Iihoshi, S. Kiriyama, T. Minagawa & T. Hanai

Experimental study on hysteretic behavior of thin-walled H-shaped steel beam-columns under compression and cyclic weak-axis bending
X. Cheng, Y. Chen, L. Pan & Q. Wu

Evaluation of plastic deformation capacity of H-shaped steel beams with new value of plate slenderness
K. Ikarashi, R. Suekuni, T. Shinohara & T. Wang

Effect of local buckling of core plates on cumulative deformation capacity in buckling restrained braces
R. Matsui & T. Takeuchi

The influence of cyclic loading on flexural response of steel beams
M. D’Aniello, S. Tortorelli & R. Landolfo

Seismic behavior of flanged cruciform columns in moment-resisting frame systems
S.R. Mirghaderi & M. Motallebi

Mixed and composite structures

Study on the shear strength of composite concrete and steel plate shear walls with binding bars
D. Zhou, L. Zhu & B. Stojadinovic

Experimental study on composite steel-concrete shear walls with vertical steel encased profiles
D. Dan, A. Fabian & V. Stoian

Experimental study on mechanical behavior of exposed-type square CFT column base with built-in reinforcing bars
S. Matsuo, Q. Qiao, T. Ninakawa & A. Kawano

Strength of headed studs in composite structural connection with SFRCC
Y. Luo, S. Song, Y. Cui, K. Hoki & M. Nakashima

Strength and ductility of concrete encased composite columns
C. Campian, V. Sav, N. Chira & A. Chira

Self-centering seismic systems

Self-Centering Truss Moment Frame with replaceable energy-dissipating elements
S.C. Darling & M.R. Eatherton

Experimental validation of steel post-tensioned connections with web hourglass pins
G. Vasdravellis, B. Uy & T.L. Karavasilis

Behavior of self-centering buckling-restrained braces
D.J. Miller, L.A. Fahnestock & M.R. Eatherton

Parametric study of self-centering concentrically-braced frame systems with friction-based energy dissipation
D. Roke & B. Jeffers

Seismic energy demands on steel framed structures with rigid and, alternatively, with post-tensioned semi-rigid connections
A. López-Barraza, S.E. Ruiz, E. Bojórquez-Mora & A. Reyes-Salazar

Shake table testing of a rocking steel frame designed to mitigate higher mode effects
L. Wiebe, C. Christopoulos, R. Tremblay & M. Leclerc

Comparison of welded and post-tensioned steel moment-resisting frames
G.M. Herning, M.E.M. Garlock & A. Freidenberg

Effects of energy dissipating capacity on seismic performance of self-centering structures
X. “Bill” Zhang

Re-centring capability of dual eccentrically braced frames with removable bolted links
A. Stratan, A. Ioan & D. Dubina

Seismic performance of a steel Self-Centering Moment Resisting Frame: Hybrid simulations under DBE and MCE
Y.-C. Lin, J.M. Ricles & R. Sause

Evaluation of performance-based design methodology for steel self-centering braced frame
N.B. Chancellor, G. Akbas, R. Sause, J.M. Ricles, E. Tahmasebi & A.L. Joó

Collapse performance of steel self-centering braced frame systems
E. Tahmasebi, N.B. Chancellor, J.M. Ricles, R. Sause, G. Akbas & A.L. Joó

Passive, semi-active and active control

Hysteretic behavior of dissipative devices for seismic resistant steel frames (FUSEIS 2)
L. Calado, J.M. Proença, M. Espihna, C.A. Castiglioni & I. Vayas

Innovative energy dissipation systems (FUSEIS 1)
D. Dimakogianni, G. Dougka, Ph. Karydakis, I. Vayas, L. Calado & C.A. Castiglioni

Full-scale testing of the cast steel yielding brace system
M.G. Gray, C. Christopoulos & J.A. Packer

Response analysis of a 12-story structural steel building with isolated base subjected to ground motion excitation
A.J.M. Ojeda Ruiz, B.E. Lluhen Ortiz, C.R. Sánchez Vergara & D.A. Parra Meza

System DC90—three-axial steel hysteresis-sliding joint support
Z. Petraskovic

Seismic resistant composite steel frames with dissipative devices
C.A. Castiglioni, A. Kanyilmaz, A. Drei, L. Calado, M. Espihna, R.M. Gonçalves, T. Rauert & I. Vayas

Advanced compressed elastomer dampers for earthquake hazard reduction to steel frames
R. Sause, J.M. Ricles, A. Mahvashmohammadi, R. Michael, S. Sweeney & E. Ferro

Base isolation mitigating effects
O. Prodan, I. Ladar & P. Alexa

Concurrent design of high-strength TRIP steels and passive damping devices
G.J. Fraley & G.B. Olson

Experimental analysis of partially buckling inhibited pure aluminium shear panels
G. De Matteis, G. Brando, F. D’Agostino & F.M. Mazzolani

Performance-based design of structures

Performance evaluation of three pre-qualified steel systems in Canada
T.Y. Yang & M. Murphy

A new balanced design procedure for gusset plate connections in SCBF
K.D. Palmer, C.W. Roeder & D.E. Lehman

Influence of scalar frequency content parameters on the inelastic seismic demands of steel structures
C. Málaga-Chuquitaype & A.Y. Elghazouli

A unitary approach for the design of concentrically braced frames
M. Bosco, E.M. Marino & P.P. Rossi

Hysteretic model for steel energy absorbers and evaluation of a seismic design strategy using minimal-damage performance objectives
T.L. Karavasilis, E. Hale & S. Kerawala

A simplified calculation method of the structural response function considering the P-Δ effect
R.J. Liang, J. Wu & C.L. Wang

Reliability-based record selection for steel frames based on different vector-valued IMs
E. Bojórquez-Mora, J.L. Rivera, A. Reyes-Salazar & S.E. Ruiz

Seismic assessment of a new steel moment frame designed per ASCE 7 with ASCE 41
M. Speicher & J. Harris

Seismic response of steel columns in MRFs under multi-axial earthquake components
L. Di Sarno

Hybrid buckling-restrained braced frames
O. Atlayan & F.A. Charney

Seismic behaviour of dual steel concentric braced frames
M. D’Aniello, G. La Manna Ambrosino, F. Portioli & R. Landolfo

Evaluation of nonlinear static procedures for seismic performance assessment of BRBF structures
M. Ferraioli, A. Lavino, A.M. Avossa & A. Mandara

Robustness based design of steel building frames under extreme loads
F. Dinu & D. Dubina

Hybrid moment resisting steel frames
F.A. Charney & O. Atlayan

Validation of a design procedure for failure mode control of irregular moment resisting frames by means of IDA analyses
M.T. Giugliano, R. Montuori & V. Piluso

Validation of a design procedure for failure mode control of MRF-CBF dual systems by means of IDA analyses
A. Longo, M.T. Giugliano, R. Montuori & V. Piluso

Influence of the strength in the seismic performance of steel frame buildings
A.C.A. Ahumada & B.C.S. Pérez

Multilevel displacement-robustness based seismic design for ductile steel framed structures
S.E. López, A.G. Ayala & R. Hernández

Direct damage controlled seismic design of steel framed structures
G.S. Kamaris, G.D. Hatzigeorgiou & D.E. Beskos

Seismic design approach for multi-story frames on the top story of which damage concentrates
H. Akiyama

Seismic, wind and exceptional loads

Damage mechanism of thick fireproof coatings for steel members subjected to monotonic loading
S. Chen, L. Jiang & G.-Q. Li

Intensity measure parameters for the evaluation of the seismic behaviour of steel moment resisting frames
L.H. Najafi & M. Tehranizadeh

Numerical simulation of collapse behavior of tall core-outrigger structures under severe earthquakes
F. Sun, R. Ge & J. Xu

Seismic-aeolian optimal design for wind turbine steel structures in Mexico
L.E.P. Rocha, A.L. López & I.E.A. Nuño

Critical accelerations as descriptors of the vulnerability of steel tanks under seismic actions
L.E.P. Rocha, I.E.A. Nuño & M.A.F. Torres

Dynamic response analysis of steel portal frames with semi-rigid connection underimpact loading
N. Kishi & M. Komuro

Impact loading tests of steel portal frames with different types of connections
M. Komuro, N. Kishi & Y. Kurihashi

Testing and seismic evaluation of long span steel truss bridges 1
I.E. Harik, T. Zhao & J. Hu

Seismic risk assessment of conventional steel constructions to the hazard of three earthquake types in Southwestern British Columbia
F.E. Pina & C.E. Ventura

Instability problems due to dynamic loading
E. Karatzas, V. Karatzas & G. Karidis

Vulnerability study of steel storage tanks in a large industrial area of Sicily
B. Borzi, P. Ceresa, M. Faravelli & M. Onida

Assessment of progressive collapse-resisting capacity of steel moment frames
M. Ferraioli & A. Mandara

Robustness assessment approaches for steel framed structures under catastrophic events
A. Formisano & F.M. Mazzolani

Strengthening, repair and monitoring

Shaking table tests of a timber roof truss model equipped with a post-tensioning SMA-based tie-rod system
D. Cardone, S. Sofia & D. Nigro

Seismic evaluation and retrofit of welded moment connection of early high-rise buildings subjected to long-period ground motions
K. Suita

Consecutive vibration characteristics monitoring of high-rise steel building
Y. Hayashi, M. Sugino, M. Yamada, N. Takiyama, Y. Onishi & T. Akazawa

FRP composites for seismic retrofitting of steel-concrete shear walls with steel encased profiles
D. Dan, T. Nagy-György, V. Stoian, A. Fabian & I. Demeter

Estimation of vibration characteristics of steel-structure buildings with damper based on seismic observation records
W. Goto, M. Suzuki, Y. Sugimura, D. Chiba & H. Dohi

Strengthening of non-seismic reinforced concrete frames of buckling restrained steel braces
F. Dinu, S. Bordea & D. Dubina

Seismic design of RC frames retrofitted with concentric steel braces
R. Sousa & J.M. Castro

Seismic strengthening of R/C buildings with soft storey (pilotis) through dissipative steel links
E. Mistakidis, K.C. Stylianidis, E. Barlas & K. Georgiadi-Stefanidi

A suspended steelwork solution for the post-war reconstruction of a building in the historical centre of Naples
F.M. Mazzolani, A. Marzo & A. Formisano

Miscellaneous (only in e-book version)

Efficient formulation for nonlinear dynamics of steel frames
T.N. Le, M. Hjiaj, T.N. Le & J.M. Battini

Seismic design and strengthening of beam-to-column joints with bolted end plates
J.M. Aribert

Author index

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