1st Edition

Behind the Mask of the Mattachine The Hal Call Chronicles and the Early Movement for Homosexual Emancipation

By James T. Sears Copyright 2006
    624 Pages
    by Routledge

    626 Pages
    by Routledge

    Take a revealing look at gay sex and gay history - and the man who helped kick-start gay activism in today's society.

    The Mattachine is the origin of the contemporary American gay movement. One of the major players in this movement was Hal Call, America’s first openly gay journalist and the man most responsible for the end of government censorship of frontal male nude photography through the mail. Behind the Mask of the Mattachine: The Early Movement for Homosexual Emancipation, the Hal Call Chronicles travels back to the times before Stonewall and its aftermath, to the beginnings of the modern homosexual movement and the lesser-known individuals who started it. This stunning chronicle boldly goes beyond the standard whitewashed/desexualized history usually provided by other gay historians, to give the unexpurgated - and sexually charged - history of the activists who organized homosexuals, using the biography of the controversial Hal Call as its springboard.

    Behind the Mask of the Mattachine provides a revealing illustration of gay life and gay sex in the past through an intergenerational history of the early gay men’s movement. Noted author James T. Sears generously weaves oral history, seldom seen historical documents, and rare photographs to provide a rich behind-the-scenes look at the first wave of Mattachine activists and the emerging gay pornography industry. This historical chronicle of a previously neglected era is packed with details of Call’s personal struggles, his celebration of the phallus, and his assertion linking homophobia and heteronormativity to our culture’s sex-negative tradition. The reader is transported to the sexual underworld of youthful hustlers, porno kingpins, spurned lovers, sex clubs, cruising grounds, secretive societies, and personal in-fighting over the direction of gay activism. This enthralling narrative is impeccably referenced.

    Behind the Mask of the Mattachine examines:

    • the origins of the Mattachine Society
    • the Mattachine Foundation of Harry Hay and others of the “Fifth Order”
    • the Weimar Republic in Germany—the roots of the modern homosexual movement
    • networking of homosexuals through correspondence clubs and speakeasies in Depression-era America
    • the intense rivalries between San Francisco and New York City Mattachine groups
    • censorship of books, magazines, and films
    • much more!

    The book explores the lives of three generations of pre-Stonewall gay activists:

    • Magnus Hirschfeld and Benedikt Friedländer
    • Henry Gerber and Manual boyFrank
    • Harry Hay and Hal Call

    Behind the Mask of the Mattachine is not only candid about gay sex and its impact on society but also puts a needed spotlight on a time in lesser-known gay history. This is important, illuminating reading for historians and gay persons interested in the undeniably sexually charged history of the early gay men’s movement.

    Take a look at these other James T. Sears books on LGBT issues: Growing Up Gay in the South online at http://www.haworthpress.com/store/product.asp?sku=0502 and Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Issues in Education online at http://www.haworthpress.com/store/product.asp?sku=5180

    • Foreword (Vern Bullough)
    • Foreword (Jack Nichols)
    • Preface
    • Acknowledgments
    • Introduction: Logos, Eros, and Psyche
    • Chapter 1. Who Was Hal Call?
    • Chapter 2. The Final Visit
    • Chapter 3. In a Dream
    • Chapter 4. Q&A
    • Chapter 5. German Roots
    • Chapter 6. Boyhood
    • Chapter 7. Egos and Eros
    • Chapter 8. Making Contacts
    • Chapter 9. Three-Cornered Conversation
    • Chapter 10. War Buddies
    • Chapter 11. The Fifth Order
    • Chapter 12. Letters Home
    • Chapter 13. Coming Out
    • SECTION III: MATTACHINE (1950-1953)
    • Chapter 14. Organizing in the Bay Area
    • Chapter 15. Cracks in the Foundation
    • Chapter 16. Conventional Wisdom
    • Chapter 17. Chuck and Gerry
    • Chapter 18. Conflict Across the Bay
    • Chapter 19. On the Edge of Midnight
    • Chapter 20. The “Unravelment of Dreams”
    • Chapter 21. Q&A II
    • Chapter 22. Mattachine Melee
    • Chapter 23. Gerry’s Farewell
    • Chapter 24. Moments in Time
    • Chapter 25. 1973: Theater of the Absurd
    • Chapter 26. 1964-1965: Our Man Flint
    • Chapter 27. 1954: Pan-Graphic
    • Chapter 28. 1985: Sexual Rebels
    • Chapter 29. 2000: Harold and Hal
    • Chapter 30. 1956: Fear and Respectability
    • Chapter 31. 1957: Game of Fools
    • Chapter 32. January 28, 1958: Hal’s Turn
    • Chapter 33. 1958: Bitchery-Butchery
    • Chapter 34. 1959: Calling Shots, Dispelling Darkness, Going Public
    • Chapter 35. 2006: A Candid Conversation Across Gay Generations
    • Chapter 36. 1960: Verboten
    • Chapter 37. 1960: A House Divided
    • Chapter 38. 1961: The Rejected
    • Chapter 39. 1967: The Furtive Fraternity
    • Chapter 40. The Mask of Desire
    • Index
    • Reference Notes Included


    James T. Sears