First Published in 1992. `Between the wars' was the great age of the cartoon character. The adventures of Mickey Mouse, Popeye, and Donald Duck were followed avidly by millions. Even the political leaders of the grim world of the 1920s and 1930s were known to millions as cartoon characters - gawky, bespectacled Woodrow Wilson, the balloon-like Mussolini, and the moustache men Hitler, Stalin, Neville Chamberlain and Ramsay MacDonald.
Comic, mordant, and irreverent, political cartoons reveal more about popular concerns in the world of the slump, of rising nationalism and aggression, than either official documents or the work of most journalists. Published in newspapers or magazines with a wide circulation, they `made sense' to the ordinary reader. More than half a century on, that sense of immediate identification has been lost, and political cartoons of the period now need detailed explanation.
Roy Douglas, author of the acclaimed The World War: The Cartoonist's Vision, now applies the same skills to the interwar period. His scope is international, and he has selected his cartoons from many different countries. Douglas covers all the great political and social issues of the period as they revealed themselves through the cartoonist's eyes. His greatest gift is for concise, clear explanation, setting each cartoon into its historical context.
Throughout this book it is easy to trace the decay of hope in the 1920s, through the fear of war in the 1930s, to the determination at its end that fascism `must be stopped'. These cartoons, intended for the man and woman `in the street', in Europe, North America, in the Soviet Union and in Asia mirror their changing attitudes and beliefs, as their nations shaped up for war.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments; Introduction; Chapter 1 They make a wilderness … 1918–20; Chapter 2 Revolution, 1917–21; Chapter 3 Mediterranean problems, 1919–23; Chapter 4 Reparations, 1919–25; Chapter 5 Hope, 1924; Chapter 6 Stability, 1925–9; Chapter 7 The Great Depression begins, 1929–31; Chapter 8 The Great Depression and British politics, 1929–32; Chapter 9 The Nazi rise to power, 1923–33; Chapter 10 Japan, 1921–33; Chapter 11 A time of conferences, 1925–33; Chapter 12 Setting the scene, 1933–4; Chapter 13 The end of the old order, 1935; Chapter 14 Abyssinia, 1935–6; Chapter 15 The Rhineland, 1936; Chapter 16 Spain and the triumph of ideology, 1936–9; Chapter 17 Problems of foreign policy, 1936–8; Chapter 18 Italy, Germany and Austria, 1937–8; Chapter 19 Czechoslovakia, 1938; Chapter 20 Aftermath to Munich, 1938–9; Chapter 21 The road to war, March–September 1939; Chapter 22 Reflections;
`... illustrate well the different offical and mass cultures of the times.' - Janes Intelligence
`... provides the reader with enjoyment as well as understanding.' - History Teaching Review