Beyond Journalistic Norms contests and challenges pre-established assumptions about a dominant type of journalism prevailing in different political, economic, and geographical contexts to posit the fluid, and dynamic nature of journalistic roles.
The book brings together scholars from Western and Eastern Europe, North America, Latin America, and Asia, reporting findings based on data collected from democratic, transitional, and non-democratic contexts to produce thematic chapters that address how journalistic cultures vary around the globe, specifically in relation to challenges that journalists face in performing their journalistic roles. The study measures, compares, and analyzes the materialization of the interventionist, the watchdog, the loyal-facilitator, the service, the infotainment, and the civic roles in more than 30,000 print news stories from 18 countries. It also draws from hundreds of surveys with journalists to explain the link between ideals and practices, and the conditions that shape this divide.
This book will be of great relevance to scholars and researchers working in the fields of journalism, journalism practices, philosophy of journalism, sociology of media, and comparative journalism research.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Professional Roles and Journalistic Performance
1. Journalistic Role Performance and the News
2. Theorizing Journalistic Roles
3. Assessing Journalistic Role Performance Cross-Nationally: Comparative Design and Methodology
Claudia Mellado, Jacques Mick, and Mireya Márquez-Ramírez
Part 2: The Manifestation of Journalistic Role Performance in the News
4. Mapping Professional Roles in News Content Across 18 Countries: A Descriptive Overview
Claudia Mellado, Mireya Márquez-Ramírez, María Luisa Humanes, Adriana Amado, Cornelia Mothes, Henry Silke, Agnieszka Stępińska, Gabriella Szabó, Sergey Davydov, Jacques Mick, Dasniel Olivera, Nikos S. Panagiotou, Svetlana Pasti, Patric Raemy, Sergio Roses, Anna-Maria Schielicke, and Edson Tandoc Jr.
5. Journalistic Voice: The Performance of the Interventionist Role
Agnieszka Stępińska, Gabriella Szabó, Adriana Amado, and Henry Silke
6. Power Relations: The Performance of the Watchdog and Loyal-Facilitator Roles
Mireya Márquez-Ramírez, Sergio Roses, Henry Silke, and Dasniel Olivera
7. Audience Approach: The Performance of the Civic, Infotainment, and Service Roles
María Luisa Humanes and Sergio Roses
Part 3: Explaining Journalistic Role Performance
8. Measuring the Link Between Professional Role Conceptions, Perceived Role Enactment, and Journalistic Role Performance Across Countries
Claudia Mellado and Cornelia Mothes
9. Journalistic Role Performance: A News-Story-Level Approach
Edson Tandoc Jr., Patric Raemy, Svetlana Pasti, and Nikos Panagiotou
10. Journalistic Role Performance: An Organizational-Level Approach
Cornelia Mothes, Anna-Maria Schielicke, and Patric Raemy
11. Journalistic Role Performance: A Societal-Level Approach
Agnieszka Stępińska, Gabriella Szabó, Mireya Márquez-Ramírez, Svetlana Pasti, and Nikos Panagiotou
12. Beyond Journalistic Norms: Empirical Lessons on Role Performance in the News
Claudia Mellado, Mireya Márquez-Ramírez, María Luisa Humanes, Cornelia Mothes, Adriana Amado, Sergey Davydov, Jacques Mick, Dasniel Olivera, Nikos S. Panagiotou, Svetlana Pasti, Patric Raemy, Sergio Roses, Anna-Maria Schielicke, Henry Silke, Agnieszka Stępińska, Gabriella Szabó, and Edson Tandoc Jr.
Claudia Mellado is Professor of Journalism in the School of Journalism at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Chile. Her research focuses on the study of journalism cultures, journalistic role performance, and comparative studies. She is the principal investigator of the JRP Project (www.journalisticperformance.org). Her work has been extensively published in journals such as Journal of Communication, International Journal of Press/Politics, Journalism, JMCQ, Journalism Studies, and Communication Theory, Her last edited book is Journalistic Role Performance: Concept, Contexts, and Methods (Routledge, 2017)