As bicycle commuting grows in the United States, the profile of the white, middle-class cyclist has emerged. This stereotype evolves just as investments in cycling play an increasingly important role in neighborhood transformations. However, despite stereotypes, the cycling public is actually quite diverse, with the greatest share falling into the lowest income categories.
Bicycle Justice and Urban Transformation demonstrates that for those with privilege, bicycling can be liberatory, a lifestyle choice, whereas for those surviving at the margins, cycling is not a choice, but an often oppressive necessity. Ignoring these "invisible" cyclists skews bicycle improvements towards those with choices. This book argues that it is vital to contextualize bicycling within a broader social justice framework if investments are to serve all street users equitably. "Bicycle justice" is an inclusionary social movement based on furthering material equity and the recognition that qualitative differences matter.
This book illustrates equitable bicycle advocacy, policy and planning. In synthesizing the projects of critical cultural studies, transportation justice and planning, the book reveals the relevance of social justice to public and community-driven investments in cycling. This book will interest professionals, advocates, academics and students in the fields of transportation planning, urban planning, community development, urban geography, sociology and policy.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Creating an Inclusionary Bicycle Justice Movement
Aaron Golub, Melody Hoffmann, Adonia Lugo, Gerardo Francisco Sandoval
2. Is the right to bicycle a civil right? Synergies and tensions between the transportation justice movement and planning for bicycling
3. Is Portland’s Bicycle Success Story a Celebration of Gentrification? A theoretical and statistical analysis of bicycle use and demographic change
Cameron Herrington, Ryan J. Dann
4. Freedom of movement / Freedom of choice: An enquiry into utility cycling and social justice in post-apartheid Cape Town, 1994-2015
5. Advocating Through Data: Community Visibilities in Crowdsourced Cycling Data
Christopher A. Le Dantec, Caroline Appleton, Mariam Asad, Robert Rosenberger, and Kari Watkins
6. Advancing discussions of cycling interventions based on social justice
Karel Martens, Daniel Piatkowski, Kevin J. Krizek, Kara Luckey
7. Theorizing Bicycle Justice Using Social Psychology: Examining the Intersection of Mode and Race with the Conceptual Model of Roadway Interactions
8. Delivering (in)Justice: Food Delivery Cyclists in New York City
Do J. Lee, Helen Ho, Melyssa Banks, Mario Giampieri, Xiaodeng Chen, Dorothy Le
9. Rascuache Cycling Justice
Alfredo Mirande and Raymond Williams
10. No Choice But to Bike: Undocumented and bike-dependent in rust belt America
11. Aburrido! Cycling on the U.S./Mexican Border with Doble Rueda Bicycle Collective in Matamoros, Tamaulipas
12. Civil Bikes: Embracing Atlanta’s racialized history through bicycle tours
13. Decentering Whiteness in Organized Bicycling: Notes from Inside
Adonia E. Lugo
14. Community Bicycle Workshops and "Invisible Cyclists" in Brussels
Simon Batterbury and Inès Vandermeersch
15. Community Disengagement: The Greatest Barrier to Equitable Bike Share
16. No Hay Peor Lucha Que La Que No Se Hace: Re-negotiating cycling in a Latino community
Martha Moore-Monroy, Ada Wilkinson-Lee, Donna Lewandowski, Alexandra Armenta
17. Collectively Subverting the Status Quo at the Youth Bike Summit
Pasqualina Azzarello, Jane Pirone and Allison Mattheis
18. Mediating the ‘White Lanes of Gentrification’ in Humboldt Park: Community-Led economic development and the struggle over public space
Aaron Golub is Associate Professor in the Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning at Portland State University, Oregon, USA.
Melody L. Hoffmann is a mass communication instructor at Anoka Ramsey Community College near Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
Adonia E. Lugo is an urban anthropologist and co-founder of the Bicicultures network, USA.
Gerardo F. Sandoval is Associate Professor at the Department of Planning, Public Policy and Management and the Co-Director of the Center for Latino/a and Latin American Studies at the University of Oregon, USA.
"Bicycle justice has become a major concern in the US. This group of authors provides an impressive array of case studies on bicycle justice and the overlooked or invisible riders creating bicycle advocacy and planning. These bike advocates promote more transportation choices for everyone while the transportation justice advocates demand that bicycling and all forms of transportation be understood as a civil rights issue." – Glenn S. Johnson, Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies, Texas Southern University, Barbara Jordan Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs, Houston, Texas, USA
"This book may indeed help start a movement for inclusive, equitable bicycle justice. Grounded in clear thinking and strong examples, this unique collection offers a probing assessment of both the tendency to stereotype "deserving" bicyclists, marginalizing others, and the patently inequitable distribution of public investments in bicycle infrastructure." – June M. Thomas, Centennial Professor, Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, The University of Michigan, USA
"Postgraduates and academics will find this book rich and informative. This book would also serve as an excellent source for a course on urban transport justice".
Cyrille Médard de Chardona,Université du Luxembourg, Local Environment The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability