1st Edition

Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds and Explosives

    456 Pages
    by CRC Press

    450 Pages
    by CRC Press

    Filled with practical applications and research, Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds and Explosives presents an international perspective on environmental contamination from explosives. It covers biodegradation strategies for DNT and a wide variety of other nitroaromatic compounds of environmental significance and makes the information accessible to practicing environmental and chemical engineers. Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds and Explosives gives you a synthesis of ongoing research and an appreciation of the remarkable range of biochemical strategies available for the transformation of nitroaromatic compounds. It provides a realistic assessment of the current and potential field applications of the various strategies.

    Introduction. Strategies for Aerobic Degradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds by Bacteria: Process Discovery to Field Application. Molecular Biology of Nitroarene Degradation. Perspectives of Bioelimination of Polynitroaromatic Compounds. Identification of Genes Involved in Picric Acid and 2,4-Dinitrophenol Degradation by mRNA Differential Display. Microbial Degradation of Mononitrophenols and Mononitrobenzoates. The Role of Nitrate Ester Reductase Enzymes in the Biodegradation of Explosives. Anaerobic Transformation of TNT by Clostridium. Fungal Degradation of Explosives: TNT and Related Nitroaromatic Compounds. Phytoremediation and Plant Metabolism of Explosives and Nitroaromatic Compounds. Biodegradation of RDX and HMX: From Basic Research to Field Application. Subsurface Chemistry of Nitroaromatic Compounds. Composting (Humification) of Nitroaromatic Compounds. Application and Costs for Biological Treatment of Explosive-Contaminated Soils in the United States.


    Jim C. Spain, Joseph B. Hughes, Hans-Joachim Knackmuss