Bioenergy Production by Anaerobic Digestion : Using Agricultural Biomass and Organic Wastes book cover
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Bioenergy Production by Anaerobic Digestion
Using Agricultural Biomass and Organic Wastes





ISBN 9781138364103
Published August 13, 2018 by Routledge
472 Pages 180 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Interest in anaerobic digestion (AD), the process of energy production through the production of biogas, has increased rapidly in recent years. Agricultural and other organic waste are important substrates that can be treated by AD. 

This book is one of the first to provide a broad introduction to anaerobic digestion and its potential to turn agricultural crops or crop residues, animal and other organic waste, into biomethane. The substrates used can include any non-woody materials, including grass and maize silage, seaweeds, municipal and industrial wastes. These are all systematically reviewed in terms of their suitability from a biological, technical and economic perspective. In the past the technical competence and high capital investment required for industrial-scale anaerobic digesters has limited their uptake, but the authors show that recent advances have made smaller-scale systems more viable through a greater understanding of optimising bacterial metabolism and productivity. Broader issues such as life cycle assessment and energy policies to promote AD are also discussed.

Table of Contents

1. Sustainable Agriculture and Greenhouse Gas Emissions 

Jonathan S. West 

Part 1: Legislation-Energy Policy 

2. Energy and Agricultural Policy in Relation to Biomethane, with Particular Reference to the Transport Sector 

Beatrice Smyth 

3. Biomethane Production with Reference to Land Use Change 

Surajbhan Sevda, Deepak Pant and Anoop Singh 

Part 2: Feedstocks 

4. Grass and Grass Silage: Agronomical Characteristics and Biogas Production 

Joseph McEniry, Nicholas E. Korres and Padraig O’Kiely 

5. Maize and Maize Silage for Biomethane Production 

Markus Neureiter 

6. Suitability of Microalgae and Seaweeds for Biomethane Production 

John A. H. Benzie and Stephen Hynes 

7. Organic Wastes for Biomethane Production 

Anoop Singh 

8. Industrial Residues for Biomethane Production 

Markus Ortner, Bernhard Drosg, Elitza Stoyanova and Günther Bochmann 

Part 3: Anaerobic Digestion Technology 

9. Anaerobic Digesters: Perspectives and Challenges 

Abdul-Sattar Nizami, Bradley A. Saville and Heather L. MacLean 

10. Biogas Upgrading and Compression 

Prasad Kaparaju, Saija Rasi and Jukka Rintala 

11. Storage and Distribution of Biomethane 

Nicholas E. Korres 

12. Variation in Anaerobic Digestion: Need for Process Monitoring 

Nicholas E. Korres and A.S. Nizami 

13. General Principles of Data Warehouse and Data Mining in Anaerobic Digestion 

Nicholas E. Korres, Anastasios Dekazos, Dimitris N. Argyropoulos, Ammar Ahmed and Paul Stack 

Part 4: Genetics and Population Dynamics 

14. Microbial Communities and their Dynamics in Biomethane Production 

Dimitris N. Argyropoulos, Theodoros H. Varzakas and John A. H. Benzie 

15. The Role of Molecular Biology in Optimizing Anaerobic Digestion and Biomethane Production 

Dimitris N. Argyropoulos, Charoula C. Psallida and John A. H. Benzie 

Part 5: Sustainability in Anaerobic Digestion 

16. Life Cycle Assessment as a Tool for Assessing Biomethane Production Sustainability 

Nicholas E. Korres 

17. The Use of Digestate as a Substitute for Manufactured Fertiliser 

Brian Chambers and Matthew Taylor 

18. The Sustainability of Small-Scale Anaerobic Digesters at Farm Scale 

Phillip Hobbs and Allan Butler 

19. Biogas Technology for Developing Countries. An Approach to Sustainable Development 

M.S. Dhanya, Shiv Prasad and Anoop Singh 

Concluding Remarks 

Appendix: Anaerobic Digestion Application in a Typical Cambodia Family Farm- a Case Study 

Andrea Salimbeni and Giuliano Grassi 

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Nicholas E. Korres is a researcher at the University of Arkansas, USA. 

Padraig O’Kiely works at Teagasc, the Irish Agricultural Authority, Ireland. 

John A.H. Benzie is a Professor in the Environmental Research Institute at University College Cork, Ireland. 

Jonathan S. West is a senior scientist at Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, UK.

Reviews

"The rapid uptake of anaerobic digestion throughout Europe to achieve energy and nutrient recovery from organic wastes, has led to a commensurate increase in the technical literature around waste digestion. This timely publication provides an excellent synthesis of our present understanding whilst highlighting the outstanding problems. It provides both researchers and practitioners a easy route into this challenging subject area." – Nigel Horan, University of Leeds, and Chair of Aqua Enviro Ltd, UK