Biofiltration for Air Pollution Control: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Biofiltration for Air Pollution Control

1st Edition

By Joseph S. Devinny, Marc A. Deshusses, Todd Stephen Webster

CRC Press

318 pages

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Hardback: 9781566702898
pub: 1998-08-31
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Description

The number-one environmental threat to public health, air pollution remains a pressing problem-made even more complicated by the massive quantity and diversity of air pollution sources.

Biofiltration technology (using micro-organisms growing on porous media) is being recognized as one of the most advantageous means to convert pollutants to harmless products. Done properly, biofiltration works at a reasonable cost-utilizing inexpensive components, without requiring fuel or generating hazardous by-products.

Firmly established in Europe, biofiltration techniques are being increasingly applied in North America: Biofiltration for Air Pollution Control offers the necessary knowledge to "do it right."

Reviews

"Devinny and colleagues do a good job of explaining how the same microbial metabolic reactions can be used to treat contaminated air. They have done a thoughtful job of distilling recent (mostly 1994-98) publications on biofiltration by themselves and others into a very readable work."-CHOICE, April 1999

"Designed to help practitioners 'do it right', this book provides a comprehensive survey of biofiltration technology and conveys a basic understanding of how biofiltration works…"-Environmental Science & Technology, May 1999

Table of Contents

Introduction

Air Pollution Legislation

Types of Waste Gas Treatment

Historical Review of Biofiltration

Biofiltration Marketplace

Biofilter Terminology

Additional Biofiltration Resources

Conclusions

Mechanisms of Biofiltration

Introduction

Gas Transfer

The Water Phase

Adsorbed Contaminants

Contaminant Biodegradation

Product Generation

Heat Generation

Conclusions

Biofilter Media

Introduction

Criteria for the Choice of an Optimum Biofilter Medium

Materials Used for Biofilter Media

Description of Selected Biofilter Media

Controlling Factors and Operation of Biofilters

Introduction

Water Content

Temperature

Medium pH and Alkalinity

Nutrients

Contaminant Load and Surface Load

Oxygen Limitation

Air Flow Direction

Dust and Grease

Extreme Biofilters

Microbial Ecology of Biofiltration

Introduction

Microbial Species in Biofilters

Substrate Utilization

The Microbial Community'

Biomass Clogging

Microbial Observation of Biofilters

Conclusions

Modeling Biofiltration

Introduction

The Challenge of Modeling Biofiltration

Biofilm Models

Ottengraf's Model

Devinny and Hodge Model

Shareefdeen et al. Model

Shareefdeen and Baltzis Model With Patches of Biomass

Deshusses et al. Model

QSAR Models

Choi et al. Model

Johnson and Deshusses Model

Govind et al. Model

Summary

Design of Biofilters

Introduction

Experimental Protocol for Assessing Biofilter Technology

Design of Full-Scale Biofilters

Costs and Economic Consideration

Conclusions

Biofilter Startup and Monitoring

Startup

Monitoring

Air Load

Contaminants

Medium Characteristics

Water Content

Temperature

Medium Permeability

Biological Activity

Humidifier

Statistical Analysis

Application of Biofilters

Introduction

The ARA-Rhein Biofilter: Wastewater Treatment Odors and VOCs

Odor Control from Flavor and Fragrance Manufacturing

Odor Reduction from Flavor Manufacturing in a Closed Bed Biofilter

The Poughkeepsie Biofilter: Wastewater Treatment Odors

Soil Biofilter to Treat Odors from a Fabric Softener Facility

Small Biofilters for Gasoline Vapor Treatment at a Soil-Vapor Extraction Site

Treatment of VOC Mixtures from Exhaust Air in the Wood Industry

Control of VOCs from Ink Drying Operations

Removal of High Concentrations of Ethanol from a Foundry Off-Gas

Large Open Bed Biofilters for the Removal of VOCs and Odors

High Concentration-Low Flow Biofilter for VOC Treatment

Soil Biofilter for VOC Removal in Flexographic Printing Off-Gases

Biofilter or Biotrickling Filter? Example of an Intermittently Watered Biotrickling Filter for Odor Control

Appendix A: Symbols

Appendix B: Selected Elimination Capacity Values

Appendix C: Conversion Factors

Appendix D: Absolute Humidity of Air Saturated With Water

Appendix E: Approximate Conversion of Selected Currencies

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT011000
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science