1st Edition

Biofortification for Nutrient-Rich Crops

    330 Pages 12 Color & 22 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Biofortification is a widely accepted cost-effective agricultural strategy to improve the nutrient deficiency in populations. It is especially useful in low-income and developing nations. Strategies for biofortification employ crop breeding, targeted genetic alteration, and agronomy, show promise for addressing multiple forms of human malnutrition. To increase the bioavailability of food nutrients, biofortification efforts must focus on improving the nutrient content of food and decreasing anti-nutrients. This book covers the basics of biofortification, international efforts, challenges, opportunities, and the use of the latest omics technologies in addition to classical approaches. It covers the most studied micronutrients, vitamin biofortification, and the new topics in dietary fibers, starch quality, and phenolics. It uniquely covers the antinutrients like phytic acid, ODAP, and Glucosinolates. It also reviews food bioavailability, scientific research, and meta-analyses to assess the health-promoting efficacy of different nutrients. The book attempts to cover all bases, from decision considerations to prospects, as well as biofortification of nutrients, antinutrient reduction, and the use of latest technology to aid in the nutritional enhancement of virtually all recorded food crops.

    Series Preface: Genome Designing of Crops

    Preface

    Chapter 1: Biofortification: Concept and Methodologies

    Michael Baum, Vandita Tiwari, Maninder Meenu, Kiran Khandare, Bhawna Sheoron­, Satveer Kaur, Mona Yadav

    Chapter 2: Deciding the Targets-Crops and Nutrients

    Uttam Kumar, Anita Kumari, Harish Kumar, Jaspreet Kaur, Mona Yadav

    Chapter 3: Global Scenario of Biofortification

    Shiv Kumar, Akanksha Singh, H.K. Dikshit, Gyan Prakash Mishra, M. Aski, Ruchi Bansal, Priyanka Gupta

    Chapter 4: Grain Iron (Fe): Decades of Research and Results

    Neeraja C.N., Suman K., Jaldhani V., Mangrauthia S.K., Kalyani, M. Barbadikar, Papa Rao Vaikuntapu, Sundaram R.M.

    Chapter 5: Zinc (Zn): A Prime and High-Yield Resource

    Dinesh Pandey, Apoorv Tiwari, H. Punetha, Anil Kumar

    Chapter 6: Phytochemicals: An Emerging Application

    Rohit Kumar, Era Chaudhary, Satveer Kaur, Amneet Kaur Badwal, Lakshmi Giri

    Chapter 7: Vitamin A: A Major HarvestPlus Target for Outstanding Results

    M.T. Labuschagne

    Chapter 8: Vitamin B: Nine Unsung Heroes, Longing for Attention

    Bhawna Sheoran, Bhawna Babal, Anita Kumari, Reena Rani, Usman Ali, Sheetal Mehla, Simon Strobbe, Teresa Fitzpatrick,

    Chapter 9: Vitamin C: Vital, Let's Achieve More Together

    Shivani Kathi, Catherine Simpson

    Chapter 10: Vitamin E: Pioneering the Shift from Stability to Elevated Oil Quality

    Firoz Hossain, Vignesh Muthusamy, Rajkumar U. Zunjare, Rashmi Chhabra, Ashvin Kumar Katral, Gulab Chand

    Chapter 11: Dietary Fiber: Balancing Taste and Health – Can We Have Both?

    Vijeta Sagwal, Pooja Sihag, Sourav Panigrahi, Yogita Singh, Upendra Kumar

    Chapter 12: Starch Quality: High Energy or Low Calories – Both Matter

    Joy Roy, Akansha Madhawan, Mohammed Saba Rahim, Prashant Kumar

    Chapter 13: Antinutrients and Underutilized Food Crops: Unearthing Hidden Potential

    Dr. Moshe Goldsmith

    Chapter 14: Phytic Acid's Innovative Antinutrient Reduction

    Wusirika Ramakrishna, Pankaj Ror, Rahul Beniwal

    Chapter 15: Glucosinolates in Brassicas: Manipulating Content and Composition

    Sanjula Sharma, Heena Rani, Shivani, Mehak Gupta, Manju Bala, Gurdeep Kaur, Gurpreet Kaur

    Chapter 16: Lectins: Antinutrient or Nutrients - Unveiling Their Dual Role

    Manjeet Kaur Sangha, Diksha Singla, Manju Bala

    Chapter 17: Tackling Challenges, Seizing Future Opportunities in Biofortification

    Himanshu Sharma, Aman Kumar, Parveen Chhuneja

    Chapter 18: Omics in Biofortification: Unlocking Nutritional Potential

    Apoorv Tiwari, Era Choudhary, Lakshmi, Anjali Sharma, Monika Garg

    Chapter 19: Meta-Analysis Magic: Unearthing Health Insights in Nutrition

    Monika Garg, Saloni Sharma, Vandita Tiwari, Apoorv Tiwari

    Index

    Biography

    Dr Monika Garg has been a scientist at NABI, Mohali for the past 14 years. She obtained a PhD and post-doctoral experience from Tottori University, Japan. She had also served in ICARDA, CGIAR, Syria. She has more than 70 publications in reputed journals with an h-index of 24 and served as an Editor/Reviewer for various journals. She is working on the biofortification of wheat and understanding its effect on lifestyle disorders. Her special interest lies in anthocyanin biofortified colored wheat.

    Dr Saloni Sharma is a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Genetics,University of Granada, Spain. Previously she worked as an ICMR-postdoctoral fellow at NABI, Mohali. Her research is on colored wheat crop genetics, genomics, stress-responsive physiology and studying wheat biofortification. She has published more than 30 research/review articles and book chapters in reputed journals with an h-index of 16 and served as an Editor/Reviewer for various journals.

    Dr Apoorv Tiwari holds an M.Sc. from CSJM University, Kanpur, and M.Tech. and Ph.D. in Bioinformatics from SHUATS, Prayagraj, India. Currently working as Project Scientist at NABI. With over 50 publications in renowned journals along with editorial/reviewer roles, Dr. Tiwari's expertise encompasses crop genomics, proteomics, transcriptomics, GWAS, QTL mapping, statistical methodologies, and computer-aided drug design. His contributions have earned him recognition with the Young Scientist and Governor's awards.