Biofuels and Bioenergy : Processes and Technologies book cover
1st Edition

Biofuels and Bioenergy
Processes and Technologies

ISBN 9781420089554
Published March 1, 1983 by CRC Press
341 Pages 66 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The newest addition to the Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering series from CRC Press, Biofuels and Bioenergy: Processes and Technologies provides a succinct but in-depth introduction to methods of development and use of biofuels and bioenergy. The book illustrates their great appeal as tools for solving the economic and environmental challenges associated with achieving energy sustainability and independence through the use of clean, renewable alternative energy. Taking a process engineering approach rooted in the fuel and petrochemical fields, this book masterfully integrates coverage of current conventional processes and emerging techniques.

Topics covered include:

  • Characterization and analysis of biofuels
  • Process economics
  • Chemistry of process conversion
  • Process engineering and design and associated environmental technologies
  • Energy balances and efficiencies
  • Reactor designs and process configurations
  • Energy materials and process equipment
  • Integration with other conventional fossil fuel processes
  • Byproduct utilization
  • Governmental regulations and policies and global trends

After an overview of the subject, the book discusses crop oils, biodiesel, and algae fuels. It examines ethanol from corn and from lignocelluloses and then explores fast pyrolysis and gasification of biomass. Discussing the future of biofuel production, it also describes the conversion of waste to biofuels, bioproducts, and bioenergy and concludes with a discussion of mixed feedstock. Written for readers with college-level backgrounds in chemistry, biology, physics, and engineering, this reference explores the science and technology involved in developing biofuels and bioenergy. It addresses the application of these and other disciplines, covering key issues of special interest to fuel process engineers, fuel scientists, and energy technologists, among others.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Biofuels and Bioenergy
Global Energy Outlook
Biomass Feedstocks
Processes and Technologies
Environment and Ecology

Crop Oils, Biodiesel, and Algae Fuels
Vegetable Oils
Algae Oil Extraction of Straight Vegetable Oil
Manufacture of Biodiesel

Ethanol from Corn
Fuel Ethanol from Corn
Corn Ethanol as Oxygenated Fuel
Chemistry of Ethanol Fermentation
Corn-to-Ethanol Process Technology
By-Products/Coproducts of Corn Ethanol
Ethanol as Oxygenated and Renewable Fuel
Ethanol Vehicles
Other Uses of Ethanol

Ethanol from Lignocellulose
Lignocellulose and Its Utilization
Lignocellulose Conversion
Historical Perspective of Alcohol Fermentation Technology
Agricultural Lignocellulosic Feedstock
Cellulosic Ethanol Technology
Energy Balance for Ethanol Production from Biomass
Process Economics and Strategic Direction

Fast Pyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass
Biomass and Its Utilization
Analysis and Composition of Biomass
Chemistry of Biomass Gasification
Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass
Biomass Gasification Processes
Utilization of Biomass Synthesis Gas

Conversion of Waste to Biofuels, Bioproducts, and Bioenergy
Types of Waste and Their Distributions
Strategies for Waste Management
Waste Preparation and Pretreatment for Conversion
Technologies for Conversion of Waste to Energy and Products
Economic and Environmental Issues Related to Waste Conversion
Future of the Waste Industry

Mixed Feedstock

Advantages and Disadvantages of Mixed Feedstock
Transportation, Storage, and Pretreatment
Gasification Technologies
Liquefaction Technologies
Future of Mixed Feedstock

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Sunggyu Lee is Russ Ohio Research Scholar in Coal Syngas Utilization and Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Ohio University, where he is also the Director of the Sustainable Energy and Advanced Materials (SEAM) Laboratory. Dr. Lee holds 32 U.S. patents and has authored over 450 journal articles and conference papers. He has authored and edited 15 books in the fields of chemical, energy, and materials processing. His research specialty areas include alternative fuels, syngas conversion, supercritical fluid technology, chemical process engineering and reactor design, and polymer synthesis and processing.

Dr. Y.T. Shah received his bachelor degree in Chemical Engineering at University of Michigan and Master and Sc.D degrees in Chemical Engineering at M.I.T. During more than 40 years of academic career, he has served as department head of Chemical Engineering, Dean of Engineering and Provost in more than five different institutions. Currently he is a professor of engineering at Norfolk State University, Virginia, USA. Dr. Shah’s research interests are in chemical reaction and reactor engineering, particularly as applied to energy and environmental topics. He is an author of three books, about 50 refereed chapters or review articles, and more than 200 refereed journal publications. He has been a consultant to numerous industrial and governmental organizations, particularly in the area of synthetic fuels.


"This book fulfills a long needed review of bio-mass conversion to supply the needs of the energy and fuels sector of our society. The current state of the conversion of bio-mass to energy and fuels is covered in a comprehensive way. Requirements for future process developments to ensure economic viability are clearly stated."
—David G. Retzioff, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, USA

"… a valuable addition to the bioenergy literature. It outlines the essentials in biofuels and bioenergy processing with authority and clarity. It is an excellent read!"
—Khaled A.M. Gasem, School of Chemical Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, USA

"The book provides current summary of scientific and technical information, especially for researchers working in the field of biofuels. It acknowledges the significance of biomass usage as the oldest fuel in varied parts of the world and to be the most sustainable form of energy with minimal ecological impact and global climate change.

The book provides insight for a development of interest in the area of integrated energy business through sustainable growth. Elevated global fossil fuel demand, increase in crude prices, and depleting supply of petroleum and natural gas in the near future have raised concerns over serious environmental issues, like global warming and climate change due to the emission of greenhouse gases. There arises a need for knowledge excellence for leveraging competitive advantages in R&D and technology sector. Hence, the book elucidates the need to explore the potential alternative sources of clean and sustainable energy resources to satisfy the global energy needs. The book in view of the bioethanol industry covers the detailed substantial information regarding different inter-disciplinary areas along with techno-economic feasibility analysis."

--Sanjeev S Katti & Jyoti Verma, ONGC Energy Center