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Biohydrogen Production
Fundamentals and Technology Advances





ISBN 9781138073203
Published October 27, 2017 by CRC Press
408 Pages - 79 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Biohydrogen Production: Fundamentals and Technology Advances covers the fundamentals of biohydrogen production technology, including microbiology, biochemistry, feedstock requirements, and molecular biology of the biological hydrogen production processes. It also gives insight into scale-up problems and limitations. In addition, the book discusses mathematical modeling of the various processes involved in biohydrogen production and the software required to model the processes. The book summarizes research advances that have been made in this field and discusses bottlenecks of the various processes, which presently limit the commercialization of this technology.

The authors also focus on the process economy, policy, and environmental impact of this technology, since the future of biohydrogen production depends not only on research advances, but also on economic considerations (the cost of fossil fuels), social espousal, and the development of H2 energy systems. The book describes the fundamentals of this technology interwoven with more advanced research findings. Further reading is suggested at the end of each chapter.

Since the beauty of any innovation is its applicability, socioeconomic impact, and cost energy analysis, the book examines each of these points to give you a holistic picture of this technology. Illustrative diagrams, flow charts, and comprehensive tables detailing the scientific advancements provide an opportunity to understand the process comprehensively and meticulously. Written in a lucid style, the book supplies a complete knowledge bank about biohydrogen production processes.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Introduction
Nonconventional Energy Resources
Conventional Hydrogen Technologies and Limitations
Biological Hydrogen Production Technology
Properties of Hydrogen
Book Overview
References

Microbiology
Introduction
Dark Fermentative Bacteria
Photosynthetic Fermentative Bacteria
Cyanobacteria
Green Algae
Concept of Consortia Development
Synthetic Microorganisms—Are They the Future?
Glossary
References

Hydrogen Production Processes
Introduction
Photobiological Hydrogen Production
Photofermentation
Dark Fermentation
Hybrid Processes
Microbial Electrolysis Cell
Thermodynamic Limitations
Glossary
References

Biohydrogen Feedstock
Introduction
Simple Sugars as Feedstock
Complex Substrates as Feedstock
Biomass Feedstock
Organic Acids
Waste as Feedstock
Assessment of Cost Components for Several Feedstocksfor Dark Hydrogen Fermentation
Conclusion
Glossary
References

Molecular Biology of Hydrogenases and Their Accessory Genes
Introduction
Occurrence of Hydrogenase in Nature
Classification of Hydrogenases
Problems Associated with Oxygen Sensitivity ofHydrogenases and Plausible Solutions
Evolutionary Significance of Hydrogenase
Conclusion
Glossary
References

Improvement of Hydrogen Production through MolecularApproaches and Metabolic Engineering
Introduction
Molecular Approaches
Metabolic Engineering
Conclusion
Glossary
References

Process and Culture Parameters
Introduction
Factors Affecting Dark Fermentation Process
Environmental Factors Affecting Hydrogen Productionin Photosynthetic Organisms
Statistical Optimization of Factors Effecting BiohydrogenProduction
Comparison of Suspended Cell versus Immobilized Systems
Comparison of Batch Process versus Continuous Process
Conclusion
Glossary
References

Photobioreactors
Introduction
Types of PBRs
Physicochemical Parameters
Design Criterion
Comparison of the Performance of the PBRs
Energy Analysis
Conclusion
Glossary
References

Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of the BiohydrogenProduction Processes
Introduction
Development of Mathematical Models to CorrelateSubstrate and Biomass Concentration with Time
Substrate Inhibition Model
Determination of Cell Growth Kinetic Parameters:KS, μmax, Ki
Cumulative Hydrogen Production by Modified Gompertz’sEquation
Development of Mathematical Models for Cell GrowthKinetics in Photofermentation Process
Modeling of Hydrogen Production by Photofermentation
Conclusion
Nomenclature
References

Scale-Up and Energy Analysis of Biohydrogen ProductionProcesses
Introduction
Determination of Scale-Up Parameters
Scale-Up Methods
Case Studies on Pilot-Scale Plants
Mass and Energy Analysis
Cost Analysis of the Process
Conclusion
Nomenclature
Glossary
References

Biohydrogen Production Process Economics, Policy,and Environmental Impact
Introduction
Process Economy
Environmental Impact
Hydrogen Policy
Issues and Barriers
Status of Hydrogen in the Developed and theDeveloping Countries
Future Outlook
Glossary
References

Index

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Reviews

"… a very comprehensive review of what is known about biological hydrogen production, including technological and economical issues that are usually neglected in other books on the same topic. … The comprehensive approach used by the authors not only gives newcomers the opportunity to enter the field with a complete picture of the topic but also gives researchers experienced in biological hydrogen production useful information on important issues."
—Roberto De Philippis, University of Florence, Italy

"… an excellent contemporary review of the biohydrogen production research field. Every important aspect of this technology (e.g., biology, engineering, and environmental impacts) is discussed. This book is recommended for students, teachers, and researchers."
—Nils-Kåre Birkeland, University of Bergen, Norway

"... comprehensive and timely. ... The contents of the book have sufficient coverage to initiate industries to take up collaboration with academic and research institutes to build capacity and capabilities for realizable technologies. ... Proportion of coverage of each topic is quite balanced to qualify as a textbook."
—Baldev Raj, PSG Institutions, Coimbatore, India; from American Journal of Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2014)

"This book includes the research activities of different research groups involved in biohydrogen research. So, it is very useful for research scientists, academicians, process engineers, etc."
—Dr. S. Venkata Mohan, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad