Biohydrogen Production: Fundamentals and Technology Advances, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Biohydrogen Production

Fundamentals and Technology Advances, 1st Edition

By Debabrata Das, Namita Khanna, Chitralekha Nag Dasgupta

CRC Press

408 pages | 79 B/W Illus.

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Description

Biohydrogen Production: Fundamentals and Technology Advances covers the fundamentals of biohydrogen production technology, including microbiology, biochemistry, feedstock requirements, and molecular biology of the biological hydrogen production processes. It also gives insight into scale-up problems and limitations. In addition, the book discusses mathematical modeling of the various processes involved in biohydrogen production and the software required to model the processes. The book summarizes research advances that have been made in this field and discusses bottlenecks of the various processes, which presently limit the commercialization of this technology.

The authors also focus on the process economy, policy, and environmental impact of this technology, since the future of biohydrogen production depends not only on research advances, but also on economic considerations (the cost of fossil fuels), social espousal, and the development of H2 energy systems. The book describes the fundamentals of this technology interwoven with more advanced research findings. Further reading is suggested at the end of each chapter.

Since the beauty of any innovation is its applicability, socioeconomic impact, and cost energy analysis, the book examines each of these points to give you a holistic picture of this technology. Illustrative diagrams, flow charts, and comprehensive tables detailing the scientific advancements provide an opportunity to understand the process comprehensively and meticulously. Written in a lucid style, the book supplies a complete knowledge bank about biohydrogen production processes.

Reviews

"… a very comprehensive review of what is known about biological hydrogen production, including technological and economical issues that are usually neglected in other books on the same topic. … The comprehensive approach used by the authors not only gives newcomers the opportunity to enter the field with a complete picture of the topic but also gives researchers experienced in biological hydrogen production useful information on important issues."

—Roberto De Philippis, University of Florence, Italy

"… an excellent contemporary review of the biohydrogen production research field. Every important aspect of this technology (e.g., biology, engineering, and environmental impacts) is discussed. This book is recommended for students, teachers, and researchers."

—Nils-Kåre Birkeland, University of Bergen, Norway

"… comprehensive and timely. … The contents of the book have sufficient coverage to initiate industries to take up collaboration with academic and research institutes to build capacity and capabilities for realizable technologies. … Proportion of coverage of each topic is quite balanced to qualify as a textbook."

—Baldev Raj, PSG Institutions, Coimbatore, India; from American Journal of Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2014)

"This book includes the research activities of different research groups involved in biohydrogen research. So, it is very useful for research scientists, academicians, process engineers, etc."

—Dr. S. Venkata Mohan, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad

Table of Contents

Introduction

Introduction

Nonconventional Energy Resources

Conventional Hydrogen Technologies and Limitations

Biological Hydrogen Production Technology

Properties of Hydrogen

Book Overview

References

Microbiology

Introduction

Dark Fermentative Bacteria

Photosynthetic Fermentative Bacteria

Cyanobacteria

Green Algae

Concept of Consortia Development

Synthetic Microorganisms—Are They the Future?

Glossary

References

Hydrogen Production Processes

Introduction

Photobiological Hydrogen Production

Photofermentation

Dark Fermentation

Hybrid Processes

Microbial Electrolysis Cell

Thermodynamic Limitations

Glossary

References

Biohydrogen Feedstock

Introduction

Simple Sugars as Feedstock

Complex Substrates as Feedstock

Biomass Feedstock

Organic Acids

Waste as Feedstock

Assessment of Cost Components for Several Feedstocksfor Dark Hydrogen Fermentation

Conclusion

Glossary

References

Molecular Biology of Hydrogenases and Their Accessory Genes

Introduction

Occurrence of Hydrogenase in Nature

Classification of Hydrogenases

Problems Associated with Oxygen Sensitivity ofHydrogenases and Plausible Solutions

Evolutionary Significance of Hydrogenase

Conclusion

Glossary

References

Improvement of Hydrogen Production through MolecularApproaches and Metabolic Engineering

Introduction

Molecular Approaches

Metabolic Engineering

Conclusion

Glossary

References

Process and Culture Parameters

Introduction

Factors Affecting Dark Fermentation Process

Environmental Factors Affecting Hydrogen Productionin Photosynthetic Organisms

Statistical Optimization of Factors Effecting BiohydrogenProduction

Comparison of Suspended Cell versus Immobilized Systems

Comparison of Batch Process versus Continuous Process

Conclusion

Glossary

References

Photobioreactors

Introduction

Types of PBRs

Physicochemical Parameters

Design Criterion

Comparison of the Performance of the PBRs

Energy Analysis

Conclusion

Glossary

References

Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of the BiohydrogenProduction Processes

Introduction

Development of Mathematical Models to CorrelateSubstrate and Biomass Concentration with Time

Substrate Inhibition Model

Determination of Cell Growth Kinetic Parameters:KS, μmax, Ki

Cumulative Hydrogen Production by Modified Gompertz’sEquation

Development of Mathematical Models for Cell GrowthKinetics in Photofermentation Process

Modeling of Hydrogen Production by Photofermentation

Conclusion

Nomenclature

References

Scale-Up and Energy Analysis of Biohydrogen ProductionProcesses

Introduction

Determination of Scale-Up Parameters

Scale-Up Methods

Case Studies on Pilot-Scale Plants

Mass and Energy Analysis

Cost Analysis of the Process

Conclusion

Nomenclature

Glossary

References

Biohydrogen Production Process Economics, Policy,and Environmental Impact

Introduction

Process Economy

Environmental Impact

Hydrogen Policy

Issues and Barriers

Status of Hydrogen in the Developed and theDeveloping Countries

Future Outlook

Glossary

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED008000
MEDICAL / Biochemistry
SCI010000
SCIENCE / Biotechnology
TEC031010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Alternative & Renewable