Biological Control of Plant Diseases  book cover
1st Edition

Biological Control of Plant Diseases

ISBN 9781560223276
Published December 27, 2006 by CRC Press
442 Pages

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Book Description

Prevent agricultural loss with natural disease controls that don’t harm the environment—or the people who live in it

Despite the worldwide use of chemicals and pesticides to control the devastating effects of plant disease, the international agribusiness market still suffers extensive economic losses each year. Biological Control of Plant Diseases offers natural alternatives to the synthetic fungicides, pesticides, herbicides, and insecticides that have not only failed to stop pests and pathogens, but have raised serious safety and environmental concerns. The world’s leading plant pathologists examine the use of antagonistic microorganisms, inherent resistance, and natural fungicides for plant protection that’s safe, economical, and effective.

Biological Control of Plant Diseases presents up-to-date research findings on disease management to provide you with a single-source reference text for developing a sustainable ecosystem that doesn’t depend on harmful and unhealthy agrochemicals. This unique book acts as a catalyst for change, presenting fresh ideas and innovative strategies for finding meaningful solutions to the problems of disease control. Contributors working in the areas of plant protection, microbiology, plant pathology, biotechnology, ecology, and food safety examine topics that include the application of plant tissue culture, competitive root colonization, mycorrhiza in biocontrol, microbial siderophores, antagonism, and genetic regulation.

Topics addressed in Biological Control of Plant Diseases include:

  • soil-borne pathogens
  • rhizobacteria
  • organic acids
  • white rot
  • Trichoderma and Agrobacterium
  • phyllosphere
  • manure-based microbes
  • gray mold disease
  • major fungal diseases
  • mycoparasitism
  • microbial chitinases
  • and much

Table of Contents

  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Biological Control of Fungal Soilborne Pathogens in Strawberries (Gabriele Berg)
  • Introduction
  • Soilborne Pathogens of Strawberry
  • Microbial Ecology of Antagonistic Microorganisms in the Strawberry Rhizosphere
  • Screening Strategies for Antagonistic Microorganisms As Biological Control Agents
  • Application Techniques
  • Biological Control of Strawberry Diseases: Examples and Products
  • Alternative or Combined Methods to Control Soilborne Pathogens
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. Use of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi for Biocontrol of Soilborne Fungal Plant Pathogens (S. Demir and A. Akkopru)
  • Introduction
  • General Concepts in the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Status
  • Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Horticultural Systems
  • Arbuscular Mycorrhizae As Biocontrol Agents
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 3. Arbuscular-Mycorrhiza-Mediated Plant-Pathogen Interactions and the Mechanisms Involved (Mahaveer P. Sharma, Atimanav Gaur, and K.G. Mukerji)
  • Introduction
  • Interaction of AM Fungi with Fungal Pathogens Associated with Horticultural Plants
  • Interaction of AM with Soilborne Nematodes Associated with Horticultural Plants
  • Mechanisms Involved in Control of Root Pathogens
  • Role of AM Establishment in Triggering Defense Responses
  • Chapter 4. Role of Rhizobacteria in Biological Control of Plant Diseases (S. Rosas)
  • Introduction
  • Bacterial-Fungal Pathogen Interactions: Antibiosis Mechanisms
  • Parasitism and Production of Extracellular Enzymes
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. The Role of Competitive Root Tip Colonization in the Biological Control of Tomato Foot and Root Rot (Sandra de Weert, Irene Kuiper, Kevin Eijkemans, Faina D. Kamilova, Gail M. Preston, Ine H.M. Mulders, Paul Rainey, Guido V. Bloemberg, Igor Tikhonovich, Lev Kravchenko, André H.M. Wijfjes, Tanya Azarova, and Ben J.J. Lugtenberg)
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results and Discussion
  • Novel Competitive Root Tip-Colonization Mutants
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Biological Control of Onion White Rot (A. Stewart and K.L. McLean)
  • Introduction
  • Strategies for Biological Control
  • Current Biological Control Research
  • Integrated Disease Management
  • Conclusions and Future Research Needs
  • Chapter 7. Biological Control of Fruit and Vegetable Diseases with Fungal and Bacterial Antagonists: Trichoderma and Agrobacterium (F. Scala, A. Raio, A. Zoina, and M. Lorito)
  • Introduction
  • Agrobacterium spp. As a Biocontrol Agent
  • Trichoderma spp. As a Biocontrol Agent
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. An Overview of Biological Control of Fruit and Vegetable Diseases (Ram Gopal Kapooria)
  • Introduction
  • Sources of Biocontrol Agents
  • Biocontrol of Vegetable Diseases
  • Biocontrol of Fruit Diseases
  • Postharvest Fruit and Vegetable Diseases
  • Mechanisms of Biocontrol
  • Commercial Biocontrol Products
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Novel Biological Control Methods for Gray Mold Disease of Vegetables and Fruits Using Bacillus subtilis IK-1080 (Yoshihiro Taguchi and Mitsuro Hyakumachi)
  • Introduction
  • Use of B. subtilis in Japan As a Biocontrol Agent
  • Effectiveness of B. subtilis for Control of Crop Diseases
  • New Methods of Application of B. subtilis Formulations
  • Petal Spraying of B. subtilis with a Fruitage-Enhancing Hormone
  • Future Prospects and Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Strategies for Biological Control of Fungal Diseases of Temperate Fruits (Ting Zhou, Hai Yu, and Deena Errampalli)
  • Introduction
  • Development of Biological Control Agents
  • Postharvest Diseases of Pome Fruits
  • Biological Fumigation or Biofumigation
  • Strategies for Enhancing Biocontrol Efficacy
  • Manipulation of Biocontrol Agents
  • Manipulation of Chemical and Physical Environments
  • Integration for Enhanced Disease Control
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Biological Control of Various Diseases of Major Vegetables in Korea (Youn Su Lee and Min Woong Lee)
  • Introduction
  • Biological Control of Major Vegetable Diseases in Korea
  • Conclusions and Future Perspectives
  • Chapter 12. The Nature of Fungal Mycoparasitic Biocontrol Agents (C. Cortes-Penagos, V. Olmedo-Monfil, and A. Herrera-Estrella)
  • Introduction
  • Strategies of Plant Protection
  • Biological Control: An Ecological Approach
  • Biological Control Based on Fungal Species
  • Fungal Antagonism in the Biological Control of Phytopathogenic Fungi
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 13. Applications of Plant Tissue Culture for Studies of Fruit Tree Defense Mechanisms (Eva Wilhelm)
  • Introduction
  • In vitro Screening and Selection for Disease Resistance in Fruit Trees
  • General Plant Defense Mechanisms
  • Chestnut (Castanea spp.) and the Major Pathogens
  • Limitations and Problems
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 14. Microbial Chitinases: Effective Biocontrol Agents (Sandhya Chandran, Binod Parmeswaran, and Ashok Pandey)
  • Introduction
  • Chitinase As a Biocontrol Agent
  • Microbial Sources of Chitinases
  • Classification of Chitinases
  • Production Methods for Chitinases
  • Commercialization of Chitinases As Biocontrol Agents
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 15. Fungal Phytopathogen Suppression Using Siderophorogenic Bioinoculants (S.B. Chincholkar, B.L. Chaudhari, M.R. Rane, and P.D. Sarode)
  • Introduction
  • Siderophore-Mediated Biocontrol Mechanisms
  • Competition for Iron
  • Induced Systemic Resistance
  • Conclusion
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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Pandey, Ashok; Mukerji, K.G.