1st Edition

Biological Treatment of Solid Waste Enhancing Sustainability

Edited By Elena C. Rada Copyright 2015
    310 Pages 37 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    310 Pages 37 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.





    Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Biological Treatment of Solid Waste: Enhancing Sustainability reviews several technologies that help communities manage solid waste sustainably, while at the same time generating energy, revenue, and other resources.





    The book is divided into three topics:





    • Microbial technologies for solid waste treatment


    • Composting


    • Biodrying




    Included within these larger topics are case studies and investigations into particular aspects of each, with attention paid to food waste, animal waste, municipal waste, and certain forms of industrial waste. The editor is an environmental engineer with an international reputation, and she has included her own research studies as well as that of her colleagues, many of which have been presented at international waste management conferences. She concludes that our world can no longer afford to consider waste as something that can be discarded with no regard for future use. Instead, if addressed correctly through policy and practice, solid waste can become a valuable resource.

    Introduction

    Microbial Technologies

    Management Options of Food Waste: A Review

    F. Girotto, L. Alibardi, and R. Cossu

    Effect of Increasing Total Solids Contents on Anaerobic Digestion of Food Waste under Mesophilic Conditions: Performance and Microbial Characteristics Analysis

    Jing Yi, Bin Dong, Jingwei Jin, and Xiaohu Dai

    Microbial Anaerobic Digestion (Bio-Digesters) as an Approach to the Decontamination of Animal Wastes in Pollution Control and the Generation of Renewable Energy

    Christy E. Manyi-Loh, Sampson N. Mamphweli, Edson L. Meyer, Anthony I. Okoh, Golden Makaka, and Michael Simon

    New Steady-State Microbial Community Compositions and Process Performances in Biogas Reactors Induced by Temperature Disturbances

    Gang Luo, Davide De Francisci, Panagiotis G. Kougias, Treu Laura, Xinyu Zhu, and Irini Angelidaki

    Composting

    Composting of Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste: A Pilot Plant in Maxixe District, Mozambique

    C. Collivignarelli, A. Perteghella, and M. Vacchari

    Changes in Bacterial and Fungal Communities across Compost Recipes, Preparation Methods, and Composting Times

    Deborah A. Neher, Thomas R. Weicht, Scott T. Bates, Jonathan W. Leff, and Noah Fierer

    Effects of Bulking Agents, Load Size or Starter Cultures in Kitchen-Waste Composting

    Norazlin Abdullah, Nyuk Ling Chin, Mohd Noriznan Mokhtar, and Farah Saleena Taip

    Microbial Diversity of Vermicompost Bacteria that Exhibit Useful Agricultural Traits and Waste Management Potential

    Jayakumar Pathma and Natarajan Sakthivel

    Biodrying

    Criteria for Assessing the Viability of a Small Scale MSW Bio-Drying Plant Aimed at RDF Production for Local Use

    E. C. Rada and M. Ragazzi

    Technical and Economic Efficiency of Utilization of Biogas from Animal Waste for Energy Generation

    E. Minciuc, R. Patrascu, M. Norisor, and D. Tutica

    Potential of Bio-Drying Applied to Exhausted Grape Marc

    Elena Cristina Rada and Marco Ragazzi

    Index

    Biography

    Elena Cristina Rada, PhD, earned her master's degree in environmental engineering from the Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania; she received a PhD in environmental engineering and a second PhD in power engineering from the University of Trento, Italy, and the Politehnica University of Bucharest. Her post-doc work was in sanitary engineering from the University of Trento, Italy. She has been a professor in the Municipal Solid Waste master’s program at Politehnica University of Bucharest, and has served on the organizing committees of "Energy Valorization of Sewage Sludge," an international conference held in Rovereto, Italy, and Venice 2010, an International Waste Working Group international conference. She also teaches seminars in the bachelor, master, and doctorate modules in the University of Trento and Padua and Politehnica University of Bucharest and has managed university funds at national and international levels. Dr. Rada is a reviewer of international journals, a speaker at many international conferences, and the author or co-author of about 100 research papers. Her research interests are bio mechanical municipal solid waste treatments, biological techniques for biomass characterization, environmental and energy balances regarding municipal solid waste, indoor and outdoor pollution (prevention and remediation) and health, and innovative remediation techniques for contaminated sites and streams.