Plant volatiles – scents emitted from plant organs to interact with the surrounding environment – play essential roles in attracting pollinators and defending against herbivores and pathogenes, in plant-plant signaling, and in abiotic stress responses. With contributions from leading international groups of distinguished scientists in the field, Biology of Plant Volatiles provides comprehensive coverage of the major aspects of plant scent biology.
Responding to new developments in the detection of the complex compound structures of volatiles, this book details the composition and biosynthesis of plant volatiles and their mode of emission. It explains volatiles’ function and significance for plants as well as insects and microbes whose interactions with plants are affected by plant volatiles. The book also explores the biotechnological and commercial potential for the manipulation of plant volatiles.
· Combining widely scattered literature in a single volume for the first time, this book covers all important aspects of plant volatiles, from their chemical structures to their biosynthesis to their roles in the interactions of plant with their biotic and abiotic environment.
· Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the book provides multilevel analysis from the chemistry and genes all the way to enzymology, cell biology, organismal biology and ecology.
· The book includes up-to-date methodologies in plant scent biology research, from molecular biology and enzymology to functional genomics.
This book will be a touchstone for plant volatiles research and is aimed at plant biologists, entomologists, evolutionary biologists and researchers in the horticulture and perfume industries.
Part 1: Chemistry of plant volatiles 1. Practical approaches to plant volatile collection and analysis 2. Analysis of internal pools of plant volatiles 3. Bioassay-guided semiochemical discovery in volatile-mediated specialized plant-pollinator interactions with a practical guide to fast-track progress 4. The Chemical diversity of floral scent 5. Vegetative and fruit volatiles for human consumption Part 2: Biochemistry, molecular biology, and ecolution of plant volatiles 6. The role of transcriptome analysis in shaping the discovery of plant volatile genes: past, present, and future 7. Flux distribution dynamics at the interface of central carbon metabolism and terpenoid volatile formation 8. Floral scent metabolic pathways and their regulation 9. Biosynthesis and regulation of vegetative plant volatiles 10. Biosynthesis and regulation of fruit volatiles 11. Biosynthesis and regulation of below-ground signaling molecules 12. Evolution of scent genes 13. Volatiles in glands 14. Emission and perception of plant volatiles Part 3: Plant-plant, plant-insect and plant-microbial interactions 15. Floral volatiles for pollinator attraction and speciation in sexually deceptive orchids 16. Behavioral responses to floral scent: experimental manipulations and multimodal plant-pollinator communication 17. Herbivore-induced plant volatiles as a source of information in plant-insect networks 18. Belowground plant volatiles: plant-plant, plant-herbivore and plant-microbial interactions 19. Tree volatiles: effects of biotic and abiotic factors on emission and biological roles Part 4: Commercial Aspects of Plant Volatiles 20. Metabolic engineering of plant volatiles: floral scent, flavors, defense