Biometric Inverse Problems: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Biometric Inverse Problems

1st Edition

By Svetlana N. Yanushkevich, Adrian Stoica, Vlad P. Shmerko, Denis V. Popel

CRC Press

416 pages | 75 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849328992
pub: 2005-05-05
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Description

Traditional methods of biometric analysis are unable to overcome the limitations of existing approaches, mainly due to the lack of standards for input data, privacy concerns involving use and storage of actual biometric data, and unacceptable accuracy. Exploring solutions to inverse problems in biometrics transcends such limits and allows rich analysis of biometric information and systems for improved performance and testing. Although some particular inverse problems appear in the literature, until now there has been no comprehensive reference for these problems.

Biometric Inverse Problems provides the first comprehensive treatment of biometric data synthesis and modeling. This groundbreaking reference comprises eight self-contained chapters that cover the principles of biometric inverse problems; basics of data structure design; new automatic synthetic signature, fingerprint, and iris design; synthetic faces and DNA; and new tools for biometrics based on Voronoi diagrams. Based on the authors' vast experience in the field, the book authoritatively examines new approaches and methodologies in both direct and inverse biometrics, providing invaluable analytical and benchmarking tools. The authors include case studies, examples, and implementation codes for practical illustration of the methods.

Loaded with approximately 200 figures, 60 problems, 50 MATLAB® code fragments, and 200 examples, Biometric Inverse Problems sets the standard for innovation and authority in biometric data synthesis, modeling, and analysis.

Reviews

"It should be noted that any solution to an inverse problem in any field helps better understand the direct problem and can give more benefits, for example, reconstruction of an object in topography. This book is the first compiled work in this direction … written in a reader-friendly style … the material is well structured and illustrated. In particular, examples are short, clear, and well placed; summaries give the quintessence of each chapter; problems are useful for detail study. I found especially useful the recommendations and comments for further reading provided in each chapter … this book can be recognized as an important event in the biometric community and related areas, including pattern recognition."

-Patrick S. Wang, IAPR (International Association for Pattern Recognition) Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 4, October 2006

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

INTRODUCTION TO THE INVERSE PROBLEMS OF BIOMETRICS

Attacks on Biometric Systems

Classical Direct and Inverse Problems

Direct and Inverse Problems of Biometrics

Basic Notion of Biometric Data

Examples of Synthetic Biometric Data

Conversating of Biometric Information

Design of Biometric Devices and Systems

Applications of Inverse Biometrics

Ethical and Social Aspects of Inverse Biometrics

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

BASICS OF SYNTHETIC BIOMETRIC DATA STRUCTURE DESIGN

Basic Concepts of Synthetic Biometric Data Structure Design

Synthesis Strategies

Information Carried by Biometric Data

Generation of Random Biometric Attributes

Degradation Model in Synthesis of Biometric Data

Image Warping

Deformation by Interpolation and Approximation

Extracting and Generating Features

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

SYNTHETIC SIGNATURES

Introduction

Basics of Signature Synthesis

Signature Synthesis Techniques

Statistically Meaningful Synthesis

Implementation

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

SYNTHETIC FINGERPRINTS

Introduction

Modeling a Fingerprint

Extraction of Features

Library of Topological Primitives

Local Generators: Fingerprint Primitives

Global Generators: Orientation Map

Polar Transformation of Orientation Map

Generating Synthetic Fingerprint Images from an Orientation Map

Other Global Topological Models

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

SYNTHETIC FACES

Introduction to Facial Expressions Design

Modeling of Facial Expressions

Facial Topology Transformation and Manipulation

Local Facial Models

Facial Synthesizers

Automated Support of Deceit Detection

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

SYNTHETIC IRIS

State-of-the-Art Iris Synthesis

Eye Model

Iris Image Processing

Iris Synthesis by Transformation

Iris Synthesis by Assembling

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

BIOMETRIC DATA STRUCTURE REPRESENTATION BY VORONOI DIAGRAMS

Voronoi Data Structure

Basics of Voronoi Diagram Technique

Direct and Inverse Voronoi Transform

Properties

Voronoi Data Structure in Topological Analysis and Synthesis

Topological Compatibility of the Voronoi Diagram

Implementing the Discrete Voronoi Transform with a Distance Transform

Calculating Area Voronoi Diagrams using Nearest-Neighbor Transform

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

SYNTHETIC DNA

Introduction

Basics of DNA Biometrics

DNA/Protein Synthesis Techniques

Examples of Markov Models

Postprocessing: Pairwise Alignments

Algorithm for Sequence Generation

Summary

Problems

Further Reading

References

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COM012000
COMPUTERS / Computer Graphics
MAT029000
MATHEMATICS / Probability & Statistics / General
TEC015000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Imaging Systems