The major issues relating to environmental sustainability such as a heavy dependency on fossil fuels, increased greenhouse gas emissions, pollution, global warming and climate change have drawn much attention around the globe to seek alternative energy sources that have negligible environmental impacts and societal benefits. There is an immense interest in biofuels research around the world due to their massive potentials in addressing the above-mentioned environmental concerns. Biofuels have the potential to supplement the current and future energy demands by being blended with fossil fuels or replacing them completely as drop-in fuels in automobiles as well as heat and power industries. Waste biomass, primarily lignocellulosic biomass (e.g. agricultural crop residues, forestry biomass and energy crops) and microalgae can act as some inexpensive renewable bioresources for the production of biofuels and biochemicals. The prime focus of this book is to shed light on the bioprocessing of biofuels, especially through microbial conversion technologies to recover and transform the inedible polysaccharides into hydrocarbons biofuels and bioenergy.
The book offers introductory coverage of the most crucial topics as follows:
- A systematic overview of the state-of-the-art in the production and utilization of biofuels
- Categorical bioprospecting of bioresources for biofuel production
- Biomass pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification
- Bioconversion of waste biomass and algae to liquid and gaseous biofuels
- New developments in microbial fuel cell technologies
This book is a unification of topics relating to the cutting-edge applications of bioresources and green technologies to reinvigorate the biorefineries in positioning them within a competitive energy market. Persistently fabricated to be instantly applicable, this volume serves as a reference book for undergraduate and graduate students, scientific investigators and research scholars across the globe working in the areas relating to energy and fuels.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Bioprospecting and Bioresources for Next-Generation Biofuel Production
Chapter 2: Advanced Biomass Pretreatment Processes for Bioconversion
Chapter 3: Bioconversion of Waste Biomass to Bioethanol
Chapter 4: Bioconversion of Waste Biomass to Biobutanol
Chapter 5: Bioconversion of Waste Biomass to Biomethanol
Chapter 6: Bioconversion of Waste Biomass to Biohydrogen
Chapter 7: Conversion of Algal Biomass to Biofuels
Chapter 8: Perspectives on Microbial Fuel cells
Dr. Prakash Kumar Sarangi is a Scientist with specialization in Food Microbiology at the Central Agricultural University in Imphal, Manipur, India. He has a Ph.D. degree in Microbial Biotechnology from the Department of Botany at Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, India; M.Tech. degree in Applied Botany from the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India; and M.Sc. degree in Botany from Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, India. Dr. Sarangi’s current research is focused on bioprocess engineering, renewable energy, biofuels, biochemicals, biomaterials, fermentation technology and post-harvest engineering and technology. He has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience in Biochemical Engineering, Microbial Biotechnology, Downstream Processing, Food Microbiology and Molecular Biology. He has served as a reviewer for many international journals and has authored more than 45 peer-reviewed research articles and 15 book chapters. Dr. Sarangi has edited the following books entitled "Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization" (Springer Nature), "Biorefinery of Alternative Resources: Targeting Green Fuels and Platform Chemicals" (Springer Nature), "Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization" (CRC Press), and "Biotechnology for Sustainable Energy and Products" (I.K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.). Dr. Sarangi serves as an academic editor in PLOS One journal. He is associated with many scientific societies as a Fellow Member (Society for Applied Biotechnology) and Life Member (Biotech Research Society of India; Society for Biotechnologists of India; Association of Microbiologists of India; Orissa Botanical Society; Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Association of India; Indian Science Congress Association; Forum of Scientists, Engineers & Technologists; International Association of Academicians and Researchers; Hong Kong Chemical, Biological & Environmental Engineering Society; International Association of Engineers; and Science and Engineering Institute.
Dr. Sonil Nanda is a Research Associate at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. He received his Ph.D. degree in Biology from York University, Canada; M.Sc. degree in Applied Microbiology from Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT University), India; and B.Sc. degree in Microbiology from Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, India. Dr. Nanda’s research areas are related to the production of advanced biofuels and biochemical through thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies such as gasification, pyrolysis, carbonization, torrefaction, and fermentation. He has gained expertise in hydrothermal gasification of various organic wastes and biomass including agricultural and forestry residues, industrial effluents, municipal solid wastes, cattle manure, sewage sludge, food wastes, waste tires, and petroleum residues to produce hydrogen fuel. His parallel interests are also in the generation of hydrothermal flames for the treatment of hazardous wastes, agronomic applications of biochar, phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils, as well as carbon capture and sequestration. Dr. Nanda has published over 90 peer-reviewed journal articles, 35 book chapters, and has presented at many international conferences. He is the editor of books entitled "New Dimensions in Production and Utilization of Hydrogen" (Elsevier), "Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization" (Springer Nature), "Biorefinery of Alternative Resources: Targeting Green Fuels and Platform Chemicals" (Springer Nature), "Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization" (CRC Press), and "Biotechnology for Sustainable Energy and Products" (I.K. International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.). Dr. Nanda serves as a Fellow Member of the Society for Applied Biotechnology in India, as well as a Life Member of the Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, Association of Microbiologists of India, Indian Science Congress Association, and the Biotech Research Society of India. He is also an active member of several chemical engineering societies across North America such as the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Chemical Institute of Canada, the Combustion Institute-Canadian Section, and Engineers Without Borders Canada. Dr. Nanda is an Assistant Subject Editor of the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier) as well as an Associate Editor of Environmental Chemistry Letters (Springer Nature) and Applied Nanoscience (Springer Nature). He has also edited several special issues in renowned journals such as the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (Elsevier), Chemical Engineering Science (Elsevier), Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery (Springer Nature), Waste and Biomass Valorization (Springer Nature), Topics in Catalysis (Springer Nature), SN Applied Sciences (Springer Nature), and Chemical Engineering & Technology (Wiley).