1st Edition

Bioprospects of Macrofungi Recent Developments

    430 Pages 13 Color & 61 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    430 Pages 13 Color & 61 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The discipline of mycology is a fascinating one. It has a major influence on the nutrition, health and environmental safety of mankind. Cultivation of edible and non-edible mushrooms for nutrition, pharmaceuticals, biopolymers and biocomposites will open up new avenues in research as well as the more profitable utilization of agricultural residues. Cultivation and of domesticated and wild mushrooms poses a challenge to fulfill the needs of human/animal nutrition and utilization of agrowastes tangibly. Cultivation of ectomycorrhizal fungi benefits nutrition as well as plant protection. Macrofungi are the major source of several metabolites of nutritional, health, agricultural and industrial significance (e.g., antioxidants, antimicrobials and pigments). Macrofungal bio composites provide alternatives to the use of animal-derived or plant-derived products (e.g., nanopapers, leather and packaging materials). They serve a dual role in providing nutrition and pharmaceuticals (nutraceuticals) to humans as well as livestock. Macrofungi interact with insects symbiotically (e.g., Termitomyces with termites) and provide delicious nutraceutical product. They also control insects by infecting and producing pharmaceutically and metabolite-rich products (e.g., Cordyceps attacks insects). Macrofungi have a strong potential to control pathogens like nematodes in soil (bioremediation). They are also useful as biofertilizers to meet the needs of plant nutrition.

    The book outlines current advances in macrofungal technology. It highlights different facets of macrofungal cultivation, bioactive compounds, biocomposites, nutraceuticals, benefits with interaction with insects, application as biofertilizers and ecosystem services like bioremediation.



    1. Advances in Cultivation of Ectomycorrhizal Mushrooms in Japan

    Takashi Yamanaka, Akiyoshi Yamada, Hitoshi Furukawa, Akihiko Kinoshita and Keisuke Obase

    2. Cultivation of Mushrooms in Submerged Culture for Bioactive Compounds Production

    Hesham Ali El-Enshasy

    3. Spent Mushroom Substrate: Perspectives and Applications

    Deepak Kumar Rahi, Sonu Rahi and Devender Kumar Sharma


    4. Bioactive Compounds and Medicinal Value of the Rare Mushroom Agaricus blazei

    Maizatulakmal Yahayu, Solleh Ramli, Zaitul Iffa Abd Rasid , Danie Joe Dailin, Dalia Sukmawati, Neo Moloi and Hesham Ali El-Enshasy

    5. Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Cultivated Macrofungi: Extraction and Characterization

    Raquel Peña and Jaime Carrasco

    6. Bioactive Compounds from Macrofungi and their Potential Applications

    Hoda M. El-Gharabawy and Mamdouh S. Serag

    7. On the Secondary Metabolites and Biological Activities of Bird’s Nest Fungi

    Sunil K. Deshmukh, Manish K. Gupta and Hemraj Chhipa

    8. Irpex lacteus - A Less Explored Source of Bioactive Metabolites

    Sunil K. Deshmukh, Manish K. Gupta, Kandikere R. Sridhar and Hemraj Chhipa

    9. Laetiporus sulphureus: A Rich Source of Diverse Bioactive Metabolites

    Sunil K. Deshmukh, Manish K. Gupta and Kandikere R Sridhar


    10. Experimental Analysis of the Mechanics of Mycelium-Based Biocomposites

    Libin Yang and Zhao Qin

    11. Fungi-Derived Composite Nanopapers

    Andreas Mautner


    12. Nutraceutical Profile of Four Wild Edible Mushrooms of the Western Ghats

    Venugopalan Ravikrishnan and Kandikere R. Sridhar

    13. Medicinal Mushrooms as Nutritional Management for Post COVID-19 syndromes

    Nehal M. El-Deeb, Hesham Ali El-Enshasy , Aya M. Fouad and Ahmed M. Kenawy

    14. Health Benefits of Mushrooms on Obesity and Chronic Diseases

    Hassiba Benbaibeche, Mohamed El Fadel Ousmaal, Amira Rebah, Yasmine Fatima Akchiche, Hesham Ali El-Enshasy , Daniel Joe Dailin, Dalia Sukmawati and Ali Zineddine Boumehira

    15. Functional Role of Macrofungi as Prebiotics and Health Perspectives

    Amira M. Galal Darwish, Adel Aksoy, Heba F.F.M. Idriss, Maizatulakmal Yahayu and Hesham Ali El-Enshasy


    16. Cordyceps Militaris and its Applications

    Katarzyna Kała, Karol Jędrejko, Katarzyna Sułkowska-Ziaja and Bożena Muszyńska


    17. Ectomycorrhizal Fungi as Biofertilizers

    José Alfonso Domínguez-Núñez

    18. Edible Mushroom Bioproducts for Controlling Parasitic Nematodes

    Liliana Aguilar-Marcelino, Filippe Elias de Freitas Soares, Juliana Marques Ferreira, Jesús Antonio Pineda-Alegría, Gloria Sarahi Castañeda-Ramírez, Julio Cruz-Arévalo, Susan Yaracet Páez-León and Benjamín Mendoza-Ortega

    19. Mushroom Products in Malaysia

    Shin Yee Fung and Chon-Seng Tan


    Sunil Kumar Deshmukh is Scientific Advisor to Greenvention Biotech, Uruli-Kanchan, Pune, India and Agpharm Bioinnovations LLP, Patiala, Punjab, India. A veteran industrial mycologist, he has spent a substantial part of his career in drug discovery at Hoechst Marion Roussel Limited [now Sanofi India Ltd.], Mumbai, and Piramal Enterprises Limited, Mumbai. He has also served TERI-Deaken Nano Biotechnology Centre, TERI, New Delhi, and as an Adjunct Associate Professor at Deakin University, Australia. He has to his credit 8 patents, 145 publications, and 18 books on various aspects of fungi and natural products of microbial origin. He is a president of the Association of Fungal Biologists (AFB) and a past president of the Mycological Society of India (MSI). Dr. Deshmukh is an Associate Editor of the Frontiers in Microbiology series and editor of Progress in Mycological Research published by CRC press. Dr. Deshmukh serves as a referee for more than 20 national and international journals. He has approximately four decades of research experience in getting bioactives from fungi and keratinophilic fungi.

    Kandikere R. Sridhar is an adjunct faculty member at Mangalore University, India. His primary area of study is aquatic fungi in fresh and marine waters. He has research collaborations in the USA, Canada, Germany, Switzerland and Portugal. He was president of the Mycological Society of India (2018), a distinguished Asian Mycologist (2015) and one of the world's top 2% scientists in the field of mycology (2019–21). He has published over 500 research articles and edited 10 books. He is on the editorial board of several national and international journals and reviewed over 150 research papers.

    Hesham Ali El Enshasy (Dr. rer. Nat.; M.Sc., M.Sc.) is the current Director of the Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), and professor in bioprocess engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Since 2020, he is recognized as one of the top 2% of researchers in the world in the field of Biotechnology, according to Stanford University research study for both career and single-year lists. Prof. El Enshasy received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Microbiology (Ain Shams University, Egypt), Dr. rer. Nat. in Industrial Biotechnology (TU Braunschweig, Germany 1998), M.Sc. Technology Management (UTM, Malaysia). He has more than 350 publications in the form of peer-reviewed international journals, book chapters, and books. He has been invited as a keynote, plenary, and guest speaker at more than 100 international conferences in the field of industrial biotechnology and BioEconomy. He serves as editor, associate editor, and editorial board member for several reputed journals.