Microbially derived surfactants, called biosurfactants, provide a promising alternative to synthetic surfactants, displaying better availability and being generally nontoxic and biodegradable. Biosurfactants also have the advantage of diverse chemical properties and the potential to be less expensive. They demonstrate properties such as reducing surface tension, stabilizing emulsions, and promoting foaming. With many promising research results, a consolidated resource of biosurfactant knowledge is needed to build a framework for further development of applications. Biosurfactants: Research Trends and Applications fills this need, covering the latest research and development on relevant aspects of biological, biochemical, and physical processes and applications of biosurfactants.
This book reviews current knowledge and the latest advances, strategies for improving production processes, and the status of biosynthetic and genetic regulation mechanisms for microbial surfactants. Chapters present research findings on specific biosurfactants, such as high surface activity rhamnolipids, yeast-derived sophorolipids, lipopeptides, and trehalose lipids that have potential for environmental, industrial, and medical uses. The book also describes sources and characteristics of marine microbial biosurfactants, biosurfactants made from food processing by-products and biosurfactants used in the food industry, and biosurfactants for green synthesis of nanoparticles.
The text presents applications of biosurfactants in environmental industries and examines interactions between metals and various classes of biosurfactants and related metal remediation technologies. The final chapter reviews the state of the art of biosurfactants and their applications, and proposes approaches to overcome any challenges.
Table of Contents
Green chemistry and Biosurfactant Research. Amphiphilic Molecules of Microbial Origin. Rhamnolipids. Sophorolipids. Biosurfactants and Bioemulsifiers from Marine Sources. Characterization, Production, and Applications of Lipopeptides. Biosurfactants in the Food Industry. Trehalose Biosurfactants. Biosurfactant-Mediated Nanoparticle Synthesis. Enhancement of Remediation Technologies with Biosurfactants. Biosurfactant Complexation of Metals and Applications for Remediation. Biosurfactants. Index.
Professor Catherine N. Mulligan, Ph.D., holds a Concordia Research Chair in Geoenvironmental Sustainability (Tier I) and is a full professor and associate dean, research and graduate studies, of the Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science. She has more than 25 years of research experience in government, industrial, and academic environments. She has authored over 80 refereed papers in various journals, holds 3 patents, and has supervised to completion more than 40 graduate students. Professor Mulligan serves as the director of the Concordia Institute of Water, Energy and Sustainable Systems, which trains students in sustainable development practices and promotes research into new systems, technologies, and solutions for water, energy, and resource conservation.
Prof. Sanjay K. Sharma, Ph.D., currently serves as a professor and head in the Department of Chemistry, JECRC University, Jaipur, India, where he teaches engineering chemistry, environmental chemistry, and organic chemistry. He is a well-known author and editor of many books, research journals, and hundreds of articles over the last 20 years. His research interests include green chemistry, heavy metal removal, decoloration of dyes effluents, biopolymers, and green corrosion inhibition. Prof. Sharma has published 13 books on chemistry from national and international publishers including RSC, CRC, Wiley, and Springer and has more than 52 published research papers. Prof. Sharma also serves as the series editor for Springer’s Green Chemistry for Sustainability series.
Ackmez Mudhoo currently serves as a lecturer in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering at the University of Mauritius and is pursuing his Ph.D. in chemical engineering under the supervision of Professor Romeela Mohee (Pro-Vice Chancellor - Academia) and Associate Professor Dr. Bhola R. Gurjar (Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee). His re