Biotechnology: Between Commerce and Civil Society, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Biotechnology

Between Commerce and Civil Society, 1st Edition

By Nico Stehr

Routledge

364 pages

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Description

"While other books have addressed isolated aspects of recent developments in the biomedical sciences, Biotechnology: Between Commerce and Civil Society is the first book tgo engage with the full range of biotechnology's implications for social science and for society at large." -Professor Volker Meja

New scientific knowledge is no longer merely the key to unlocking the secrets of nature and society. It now represents the "becoming" of a new world. Scientific developments affect the ways in which we conduct our affairs, as well as how we comprehend the changes underway as the result of novel technical artefacts and scientific knowledge. The practical fruits of biotechnology are a case in point; they have grasped our imaginations, and generated worldwide debate and concern. Debates on biotechnology shift between images of utopia and dystopia. The social sciences deserve a voice in the debate, and can do so through sober examination of the economic, social, and cultural implications of biotechnology. Some economists even predict that the importance of biotechnology as the technology of the future will far exceed that of the information technologies, in particular the Internet. The contributors to this volume are drawn from a broad spectrum of the social sciences, and include Nico Stehr, Gene Rosa, Steve Fuller, Steve Best and Douglas Kellner, Nikolas Rose, Fred Buttel, Javier Lezaun, Anne Kerr, Susanna Hornig Priest and Toby Ten Eyck, Martin Schulte, Alexander Somek, Steven P. Vallas, Daniel Lee Kleinman, Abby Kinchy and Raul Necochea, Herbert Gottweis, J. Rogers Hollingsworth, Gysli Pblsson, Elizabeth Ettore, Richard Hindmarch and Reiner Grundmann. The impact of science on society is destined to be a fundamental concern in the new century. This volume illustrates the contributions anthropology, law, political science, and sociology can make to the ongoing discussions about the role of biotechnology in modern societies. Nico Stehr is senior research associate, Institut for Technikfolgenabschotzung, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and Institut for Kostenforschung, GKSS, Germany. He also is a fellow in the Center for Advanced Cultural Studies in Essen, Germany, editor of the Canadian Journal of Sociology, and a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Among his recent books are Werner Sombart: Economic Life in the Modern Age (with Reiner Grundmann, published by Transaction); The Fragility of Modern Societies: Knowledge and Risk in the Information Age; Knowledge and Economic Conduct: The Social Foundations of the Modern Economy; and Wissenspolitik: Die ?berwachung des Wissens.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements
Nico Stehr
Introduction: Biotechnology: Between Commerce and Civil Society
Nico Stehr

Part I
Biotechnology and Civil Society: Historical
and Theoretical Perspectives
Introduction: Historical Perspectives on Re-Shaping Knowledge,
Re-Shaping Society
Eugene A. Rosa
1. Back to the Future with Bioliberalism: Or, the Need
to Reinvent Socialism and Social Science in the
Century
Steve Fuller
2. Biotechnology, Ehics, and the Politics of Cloning
Steven Best and Douglas Kellner
3. Becoming Neurochemical Selves
Nikolas Rose

Part II
Biotechnology, Commerce and Civil Society:
The Social Construction of Biotechnology
Introduction
Frederick H. Buttel
Biotechnology: Between Commerce and Civil Society
4. Pollution and the Use of Patents: A Reading
of Monsanto v. Schmeiser
Javier Lezaun
5. Genetics and Citizenship
Anne Kerr
6. Peril or Promise: News Media Framing of
the Biotechnology Debate in Europe and the U.S.
Susanna Hornig Priest and Toby Ten Eyck

Part III
Major Societal Institutions and Biotechnology:
The Law, the State, and the Economy
Introduction
Martin Schulte
7. This is About Ourselves: Or, What Makes Genetic
Discrimination Interesting
Alexander Somek
8. The Culture of Science in Industry and Academia: How
Biotechnologists View Science and the Public Good
Steven P. Vallas, Daniel Kleinman, Abby Kinchy,
and Raul Necochea

9. Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Cloning, and
the Transformation of Biopolitics
Herbert Gottweis

Part IV
Biotechnology and Civil Society: Case Studies
Introduction
J. Rogers Hollingsworth
10. The Icelandic Biogenetic Project
Gisli Palsson
11. Comparing the Practice of Reproductive Genetics in
Greece, UK, Finland, and The Netherlands: Constructing
"Expert" Claims while Marking "Reproductive" Time
Elizabeth Ettorre
12. GM Policy Networks in Asia: A Discursive Political History
of the "Doubly Green Revolution"
Richard Hindmarsh
Conclusions: Shape the Body, Watch the Mind�The
Brave New World of Individualism in the Age
of Biotechnology
Reiner Grundmann
About the Authors
Name Index
Subject Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC026000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sociology / General