1st Edition

Biotechnology for Toxicity Remediation and Environmental Sustainability

    297 Pages 8 Color & 40 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    297 Pages 8 Color & 40 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Environmental issues such as ozone layer depletion, overpopulation, biodiversity loss, global warming, natural resource depletion, and so on affect every organism on the planet somehow. Environmental biotechnology applications can help to protect and restore the quality of the environment. The goal is to use biotechnology with other technologies and safety procedures to prevent, arrest, and reverse environmental degradation. Environmental biotechnology is one of the most rapidly expanding and practically useful scientific fields. Biochemistry, physiology and genetic research of microorganisms can be converted into commercially available technologies for reversing and preventing further deterioration of the earth's environment. Solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes can be altered either by recycling new by-products or by purifying to make the end product less harmful to the environment. Biotechnology for Toxic Remediation and Environmental Sustainability discusses the removal of pollutants by absorption techniques and recycling wastewater into valuable by-products and biofuels by microorganisms. Moreover, this book also addresses corrosion prevention by green inhibitors, uses electrochemical systems for renewable energy and waste recycling using microbes, and recent food safety and security trends in the food microbiome. On the other hand, this book also discusses therapy and treatments against antibiotic-resistant bacteria, anti-cancer and pharmacological properties of thymoquinone and preventive properties of zinc nanoparticles against stress-mediated apoptosis in epithelial cells.


      • Covers all aspects of Biotechnological application in the environment
      • Discusses sustainable technology for the wastewater treatment and value-added products from wastewater
      • Focuses on research activities Green corrosion inhibitors, bio-electrochemical systems, food safety and security, and antimicrobial resistance

    The book is a valuable resource for the undergrad and graduate students, doctoral and post-doctoral scholars, industrial personnel, academicians, scientists, researchers, and policymakers involved in understanding and implementing applications of biotechnology for environmental toxic remediation.


    About the Editors

    List of Contributors

    1. Recent Literature on Biosorption as a Sustainable Environmental Technology to Remove Pollutants

    Eliana Soledad Lemos, Estefanía Belén Ingrassia, and Leticia Belén Escudero

    2. Production of Biofuels and Value-Added Products Using Anaerobic Digestion of Wastewater

    Rajathirajan Siva Dharshini, Shivakumar Renuka Dharani, K. N. Arul Jothi, Ramachandran Srinivasan, and Mohandass Ramya

    3. Biodiesel Production by Organic Transformations

    Eustace Fernando, H. M. B. M. M. D. Herath, P. N. Yapa, H. K. S. de Zoysa, and T. C. Bamunuarachchige

    4. An Overview of Green Corrosion Inhibitors

    Shamnamol G. K., Jaya Mary Jacob, Arya Krishnan, Resmi S., and Sreelekshmi S.

    5. Biochemical, Molecular, and Microbial Ecological Aspects of Bioelectrochemical Systems

    Eustace Fernando, Chamika de Silva, Zumaira Nazeer, and Godfrey Kyazze

    6. Food Microbiome: Ecology, Functions, and Emerging Trends in Food Safety and Security

    Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy, Arunkumar Anandharaj, N. Baskaran, Ashish Rawson, and S. Vigneshvi

    7. What We Know and What We Don’t on Antimicrobial Resistance: A Call for Action

    Balasubramani Gangathraprabhu, Santhanam Geethanjali, Kannan Suganya, Balakrishnan Jeyakumar, Nagaraja Suryadevara, Neevashini Chengebroyen, and Maruthamuthu Murugan

    8. Overall Thymoquinone Pharmacological Properties and Its Use as an Anticancer Agent

    Arun R. K. Kumar, Wilner Martínez-López, and Radha Saraswathy

    9. Function of ZnS Nanoparticles on Stress-Mediated Apoptosis in Mouse Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells

    Karthikeyan Bose, Lakshminarasimhan Harini, Thimma Mohan Viswanathan, Krishnan Sundar, and Thandavarayan Kathiresan



    Dr. Gothandam K. M. is a Professor in the Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore. He obtained his Ph.D. (2002) from Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India and gained Post-Doctoral experience (2002-2007) in the School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul. He also served as Head of the Department of Biotechnology and Dean, School of Bio Sciences and Technology at Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India. His research interest includes Algal Biotechnology, Plant Functional Genomics, Plant and Microbial Metabolites, Environmental Biotechnology etc. He has published many scientific research and review articles in international peer-reviewed journals and refereed many high-impact journals. In addition, he successfully executed eight projects funded by DBT, DST, and CSIR as PI and Co-PI. He is a fellow of Royal Society of Biology, Biotech Research Society of India, Association of Biotechnology and Pharmacy and National Academy of Biological Sciences.

    Dr. Ramachandran Srinivasan is a Scientist at the Center for Ocean Research, Col. Dr. Jeppiaar Research Park, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai. He has been National Post-Doctoral Fellow of Science and Education Research Board (SERB). He obtained his doctorate from Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore. He did his postdoctoral research at International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), New Delhi. His research interests include metabolic engineering of algae and photosynthetic organisms for stress tolerance, metabolite production, and other high-value-added products. He is also an active team member of SERB and BIRAC funded projects.

    Dr. Shivendu Ranjan is currently working as Assistant Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur) and focusing to work on Nanomedicine, Nanotoxicology, and Nano-nutraceuticals. Dr. Ranjan is a Bioengineer from VIT Vellore and passionate about Nanobiotechnology. He is a Life Fellow of many reputed scientific societies like, (i) Indian Chemical Society; (ii) The Linnean Society of London, (iii) Indian Engineering Teachers Association, and (iv) Bose Science Society. He is also an Associate Editor of Environmental Chemistry Letters (Springer journal of 9.02 Impact Factor). After graduating from VIT Vellore, Dr. Ranjan has served many organizations like, (i) Indian Institute of Food Processing and Technology (MoFPI, Govt of India); (ii) E-Spin Nanotech, SIIC, IIT Kanpur, (iii) University of Johannesburg; and (iv) Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre, (DST-Govt of Gujarat). Throughout his research journey, he has 01 WIPO Patent, 55 scientific publications, 34 edited books and 2 authored books.

    Dr. Nandita Dasgupta is currently a Maria-Zambrano Fellow at the International Research Center in Critical Raw Materials for Advanced Industrial Technologies (ICCRAM), University of Burgos, Spain and exploring towards sustainable nanotechnology in minimizing the toxicological implications of nanomaterials. Her area of interest are Biomaterials, Nanobiotechnology, Toxicology, and Immunology. Earlier she has worked at the Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India where she has taught M.tech students and has taken initiations for establishing a lab on Biomaterials & 3D Bioprinting. During her tenure at LV Prasad Eye Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. During she has worked on immunological ophthalmology in a consultancy of Santen Pharmaceutical, Osaka, Japan. She is the Associate Editor of Environmental Chemistry Letters. She has received several awards and recognitions from different national and international organizations.