Biotechnology in Medical Sciences  book cover
1st Edition

Biotechnology in Medical Sciences

ISBN 9781138076792
Published November 22, 2017 by CRC Press
496 Pages 124 Color Illustrations

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Book Description

As the field of medical biotechnology grows with new products and discoveries, so does the need for a holistic view of biotechnology in medicine. Biotechnology in Medical Sciences fulfills that need by delivering a detailed overview of medical biotechnology as it relates to human diseases and epidemiology, bacteriology and antibiotics, virology and vaccines, immunology and monoclonal antibodies, recombinant DNA technology and therapeutic proteins, stem cell technology, tissue engineering, molecular diagnostics and forensic science, gene therapy, synthetic biology and nanomedicine, pharmacogenomics, bioethics, biobusiness and intellectual property rights, and career opportunities.

Organized to follow the chronology of major medical biotechnology research, breakthroughs, and events, this first-of-its-kind text:

  • Covers all aspects of medical biotechnology, from labs to clinics and basic to advanced applications
  • Describes historical perspectives and modern discoveries in medical biotechnology
  • Explains how various biotechnology products are used to treat and prevent disease
  • Discusses the tools and techniques currently employed in medical biotechnology
  • Includes a bibliography at the end of each chapter to encourage further study

Complete with colorful illustrations and examples, Biotechnology in Medical Sciences provides a comprehensive yet accessible treatment of this growing field.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Medical Biotechnology

Definition of Medical Biotechnology

Historical Perspectives of Medical Biotechnology

Discoveries Made in Medical Biotechnology

Important Products of Medical Biotechnology

Tools of Medical Biotechnology

Career Opportunities

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Human Diseases and Epidemiology

Definition and Terminology of Human Disease

Types of Human Diseases

Prevalence and Causes of Human Diseases

Stages of Diseases

Disease Transmission


Diagnostic Tools and Techniques

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Bacteriology and Antibiotics

Microbes: Structure, Types, and Function

Human Diseases Caused by Microbes

Applications of Microbes in Medicine

Applications of Microbes in Food and Dairy Products

Development of Anti-Microbial Drugs

Challenges and Hurdles in Treating Microbial Infections

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Virology and Vaccines

Viruses: Structure, Classification, and Function

Human Diseases Caused by Viruses

Mechanism of Viral Replication in the Host

Applications of Viruses in Medicine

Vaccines and Anti-Viral Drugs

Development of Vaccines and Anti-Viral Drugs

Challenges and Hurdles in Treating Viral Infections

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Immunology and Monoclonal Antibodies

Immunity and Immune Disorders

Significance of Monoclonal Antibodies

Applications of Monoclonal Antibodies

Immunotechnology and Immunodiagnostics

Development and Production of Monoclonal Antibodies

Challenges and Hurdles in Monoclonal Antibodies

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Recombinant DNA Technology and Therapeutic Proteins

Definition and Significance of rDNA Technology

Making of rDNA Products

Applications of rDNA Technology

Disease-Associated Protein Dysfunctions

Significance of Therapeutic Proteins

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Stem Cell Technology

Definition and Significance of Stem Cells

Types and Classifications of Stem Cells

Applications of Stem Cells

Stem Cell-Based Therapy: Clinical Trials

Stem Cell-Based Therapy: Animal Trials

Stem Cells and Drug Testing

Stem Cell Lines and Banks

Challenges and Hurdles in Stem Cell Research

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Tissue Engineering

Definition and Significance of Tissue Engineering

Applications of Tissue Engineering

Tools and Techniques of Tissue Engineering

Tissue-Engineered Products

Challenges and Hurdles in Tissue Engineering

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Molecular Diagnostics and Forensic Science

Significance of Molecular Diagnostics

Genetic Diseases Profiling

DNA Fingerprinting

Forensic Science

Diagnostic Tools and Techniques

Ethical Issues in Genetic Profiling

Current Research Trends

Gene Therapy

Definition of Gene Therapy

Genetic Disorders and Prevalence

Applications of Gene Therapy

Clinical Trials Based on Gene Therapy

Challenges and Hurdles Associated with Gene Therapy

Tools and Techniques Used in Gene Therapy

Current Research Trends

References and Reading

Synthetic Biology and Nanomedicine

Definition of Synthetic Biology and Nanomedicine

Applications of Synthetic Biology in Medicine

Tools of Synthetic Biology

Applications of Nanomedicine

Tools of Nanomedicine

Challenges and Hurdles in Synthetic Biology and Nanomedicine

Current Research Trends

References and Reading


Definition and Significance of Pharmacogenomics

Adverse Drug Reactions and Causes

Applications of Pharmacogenomics

Success stories of Pharmacogenomics

Challenges and Hurdles in Pharmacogenomics

Tools of Pharmacogenomics

Current Research Trends

References and Reading


Definition of Bioethics

Historical Perspectives of Bioethics

Major Bioethical Issues

Bioethical Issues and Biotechnology Industry

References and Reading

Biobusiness and Intellectual Property Rights

What Is Biobusiness?

Components of Biotechnology Industry

Investment and Finance

Regulatory Affairs and Compliance Issues in Biobusiness

Patents and IPRs

Mergers and Acquisitions

Market Trends and Future Directions

References and Reading

Career Opportunities

Challenging Job Opportunities

Jobs in Biotechnology: World Scenario

Academic Jobs versus Corporate Jobs

Classification of Jobs

References and Reading

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Firdos Alam Khan holds a doctoral degree from Nagpur University, India. He possesses over 20 years of research and teaching experience gained from his service at the National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore, India; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA; Reliance Life Sciences, Mumbai, India; and Manipal University, Dubai, UAE—where he is currently a professor and chairperson of the School of Life Sciences (previously known as the Department of Biotechnology). Widely published, he has been associated with the International Brain Research Organization, France and Society for Neuroscience, USA. A popular conference presenter, Dr. Khan specializes in neuroscience, pharmacology, and stem cell biotechnology—in which he holds two US patents.


"This textbook provides comprehensive coverage of biotechnology as applied to medical sciences. It has a good number of figures that are clearly presented to engage the reader. Each chapter summarises the key researchers in the field and their achievements, which is useful. The chapters on ethics, business, and careers are also valuable sections."
—Dr. Aysha Divan, University of Leeds, UK

"… an abundance of small pills of knowledge that give a broad view of this topic. … This book not only presents the latest developments in basic biotechnology but also covers other less common aspects."
—Javier García-Castro, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain

"If you read this book cover to cover, you will learn a lot about different aspects of biotechnology in medical sciences. The engaged reader will make considerable headway with this book even outside the medical setup. … [The book] is an anthology of different facets that collectively constitute the field of medical biotechnology."
—Dr. Matin Ahmad Khan, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, Jamshedpur, India

"… could be used as an additional book for an undergraduate biotechnology course or as an introductory book for a graduate student or researcher crossing over into medical biotechnology. … a good reference book for students interested in learning more about medical biotechnology. … a good introduction for someone not familiar with the field."
—Alexandra Gorgevska, Ph.D, Palm Beach State College, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, USA