This comprehensive volume analyzes Chinese birth policies and population developments from the founding of the People's Republic to the 2000 census. The main emphasis is on China's 'Hardship Number One Under Heaven': the highly controversial one-child campaign, and the violent clash between family strategies and government policies it entails.
Birth Control in China 1949-2000 documents an agonizing search for a way out of predicament and a protracted inner Party struggle, a massive effort for social engineering and grinding problems of implementation. It reveals how birth control in China is shaped by political, economic and social interests, bureaucratic structures and financial concerns. Based on own interviews and a wealth of new statistics, surveys and documents, Thomas Scharping also analyzes how the demographics of China have changed due to birth control policies, and what the future is likely to hold.
This book will be of interest to students and scholars of modern China, Asian studies and the social sciences.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. Levels of Understanding 2. Moral and Cultural Dimensions 3. Information and Sources: Policy Formulation 4. Motives and Goals of Chinese Birth Control 5. Phases of One-Child Policy and its Forerunners: Bureaucratic Implementation 6. Legal Norms and Practice in Flux 7. Problems of Organization 8. Planning and Evaluation: Popular Response 9. Gender Roles, Family Size and Sex Preferences 10. Strategies and Evidences of Non-Compliance Demographic Results 11. Female Marriage Trends 12. Fertility Levels 13. Changes in Sex and Age Structure: Conclusions and Future Perspectives 14. Looking Back: Causal Structures and Policy Impact 15. Looking Forward: Demographic Projections and Their Implications 16. Weighing the Options: Past Experience and New Ideas Epilogue: The Population Census of November of 2000
Thomas Scharping is Chair for Modern Chinese Studies at the University of Cologne, Germany. He has published widely on modern China, including Floating Population and Migration in China: The Impact of Economic Reforms (Hamburg: 1997) and the documentary collection The Evolution of Regional Birth Planning Norms in China 1954-97 (for the Journal Chinese Sociology and Anthropology, Armonk: 2000).
'This is a fascinating book, rich with information and insights ... an important contribution to our understanding of the demography of China. I recommend it not only to demographers interested in China but also to anyone insterested in the details of the formulation and enforcement of government policies.' - Population Studies
'Scharping's book proves to be a very important work on topics of Chinese fertility, birth control, eugenics, public policy and development, migration, population, and ethnicity.' - China Information