Shifting understandings and ongoing conversations about race, celebrity, and protest in the twenty-first century call for a closer examination of the evolution of dissent by black celebrities and their reception in the public sphere. This book focuses on the way the mainstream and black press have covered cases of controversial political dissent by African American celebrities from Paul Robeson to Kanye West. Jackson considers the following questions: 1) What unique agency is available to celebrities with racialized identities to present critiques of American culture? 2) How have journalists in both the mainstream and black press limited or facilitated this agency through framing? What does this say about the varying role of journalism in American racial politics? 3) How have framing trends regarding these figures shifted from the mid-twentieth century to the twenty-first century? Through a series of case studies that also includes Eartha Kitt, Sister Souljah, and Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf, Jackson illustrates the shifting public narratives and historical moments that both limit and enable African American celebrities in the wake of making public politicized statements that critique the accepted racial, economic, and military systems in the United States.
Introduction 1. Paul Robeson at Peekskill, NY, 1949 2. Eartha Kitt, the White House, and Vietnam, 1968 3. Tommie Smith and John Carlos at the Mexico City Olympics, 1968 4. Sister Souljah, Rodney King, and the Future President, 1992 5. Mahmoud Abdul Rauf and the Star Spangled Banner, 1996 6. Kanye West and Hurricane Katrina, 2005 Conclusion
Today, media consumption, production and circulation are more globally connected at the interpersonal, organizational, and geopolitical level than ever before. Greater numbers of media forms exist, representing a notable diversity in form and function, use, and reception. Yesterday’s passive media consumers are increasingly more active media producers.
These transformations in media are significant, and become all the more provocative and important when recognizing that race is shaped in and through media. This series publishes scholarship at the cutting edge of race and media with an aim not only to reflect current research, but to reshape and define future research at their intersection. Books in the series work to develop a greater understanding of how the mediated experiences of racialized beings will continue to transform human experience and relations in every aspect of daily life.