This book is a unique and original examination of borders and bordering practices in the Western Balkans prior, during, and after the migrant "crisis" of the 2010s. Based on extensive, mixed-method, exploratory research in Serbia, Croatia, FYR Macedonia and Kosovo, the book charts technological and human interventions deployed in this region that simultaneously enable and hinder mobility projects of border crossers.
Within the rich historical context of the Balkan wars and subsequent displacement of many people from the region and beyond, this book discusses the types and locations of borders as well as their development, transformation and impact on people on the move. These border crossers fall into three distinct categories: people from the Middle East, Africa and Asia transiting the region, citizens of the Western Balkans seeking asylum and access to labour markets in the EU, and women border crossers. This book also maps border struggles that follow the above processes, analyses the creation of labour "reserves" in the region, and examines the role technology – in particular smartphones and social media - play in regulating mobility and creating social change. This volume also explores the role of the EU in, and the impact of the above processes to nation-states of the Western Balkans, their European future, and mobility in the region.
Whilst the book focuses on a particular region in South-East Europe, its findings can be easily applied to other social contexts and settings. It will be particularly useful to academics and postgraduate students studying social sciences such as criminology, sociology, legal studies, law, international relations, political science, and gender studies. It will also be useful for legal practitioners, NGO activists and government officials.
Globalizing forces have had a profound impact on the nature of contemporary criminal justice and law more generally. This is evident in the increasing salience of borders and mobility in the production of illegality and social exclusion. Immigration and its control are highly charged topics in contemporary crime policy and politics. In the past two decades such matters have become subjects of extensive scholarly analysis throughout the social sciences. Though criminology has been a relative latecomer to this body of work, it is now possible to speak of an emerging ‘criminology of mobility.
Routledge Studies in Criminal Justice, Borders and Citizenship showcases contemporary studies that connect criminological scholarship to migration studies and explores the intellectual resonances between the two. It provides an opportunity to reflect on the theoretical and methodological challenges posed by mass mobility and its control. By doing that, it aims to chart an intellectual space and establish a theoretical tradition within criminology to house scholars of immigration control, who have traditionally published either in general criminological or in anthropological, sociological, refugee studies, human rights and other publications.