The optimism heralded by the end of the Cold War and the idea of an emerging borderless world was soon shadowed by conflicts, wars, terrorism, and new border walls. Migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees have simultaneously become key political figures. Border and mobility studies are now two sides of the same coin.
The chapters of this volume reflect the changing relations between borders, bordering practices, and mobilities. They provide both theoretical insights and contextual knowledge on how borders, bordering practices, and ethical issues come together in mobilities. The chapters scrutinize how bounded (territorial) and open/networked (relational) spaces manifest in various contexts. The first section, ‘Borders in a borderless world’, raises theoretical questions. The second, ‘Politics of inclusion and exclusion’, looks at bordering practices in the context of migration. The third section, ‘Contested mobilities and encounters’, focuses on tourism, which has been an ‘accepted’ form of mobility but which has recently become an object of critique because of overtourism. Section four, ‘Borders, security, politics’, examines bordering practices and security in the EU and beyond, highlighting how the migration/border politics nexus has become a national and supra-national political challenge.
The chapters of this interdisciplinary volume contribute both conceptually and empirically to understanding contemporary bordering practices and mobilities. It is essential reading for geographers, political scientists, sociologists, and international relations scholars interested in the contemporary meanings of borders and mobilities.
Table of Contents
- Introduction: borders, ethics, and mobilities
- Borderless worlds and beyond: challenging the state-centric cartographies
- Imagining a borderless world
- Borders, distance, politics
- ‘Borderless’ Europe and Brexit: young European migrant accounts of media uses and moralities
- Everyday bordering, healthcare, and the politics of belonging in contemporary Britain
- 'Delay and Neglect': the everyday geopolitics of humanitarian borders
- Asylum reception and the politicization of national identity in Finland: a gender perspective
Anssi Paasi, Eeva-Kaisa Prokkola, Jarkko Saarinen, and Kaj Zimmerbauer
Part I: Borders in a borderless world
Part II: Politics of inclusion and exclusion
Elisa Pascucci, Jouni Häkli, and Kirsi Pauliina Kallio
Part III: Contested mobilities and encounters
9. Tourism, border politics, and the fault lines of mobility
Raoul V. Bianchi and Marcus L. Stephenson
10. Commodification of contested borderscapes for tourism development: viability, community representation, and equity of relic Iron Curtain and Sudetenland heritage tourism landscapes
Arie Stoffelen and Dominique Vanneste
11. Contested mobilities across the Hong Kong-Shenzhen border: the case of Sheung Shui
J. J. Zhang
Part IV: Borders, security, politics
12. Trade, Trump, Security, and Ethics: The Canada-US Border in Continental Perspective
Heather N. Nicol and Karen G. Everett
13. Ontological (in)security: the EU’s bordering dilemma and neighbourhood
Jussi P. Laine and James W. Scott
14. An ethical code for cross-border governance: what does the European Union say on the ethics of cross-border cooperation?
15. The role of ‘nature’ at the EU maritime borders: agency, ethics, and accountability
16. Afterword: borders are there to be crossed (but not by everybody)
Noel B. Salazar
Anssi Paasi is Professor of Geography at the University of Oulu, Finland, and the Director of the RELATE Center of Excellence (Academy of Finland).
Eeva-Kaisa Prokkola is Senior Research Fellow at the Geography Research Unit, University of Oulu, Finland, and a Docent in Human Geography and Border Studies at the University of Eastern Finland.
Jarkko Saarinen is Professor of Geography in the University of Oulu, Finland, and Distinguished Visiting Professor (Sustainability Management) at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
Kaj Zimmerbauer is Docent at the University of Oulu, Finland, and Scientific Coordinator in the RELATE Center of Excellence (Academy of Finland).
"This book could not be more timely as immigration becomes the issue that could break the European Union and border anxieties pervade the world of states. The book focuses on the neglected ethical dilemmas of borders: from the ways migrants are categorized as refugees and ‘economic’ migrants, for example, to the fact that tourism, one of the world's major industries by value-added, depends on easy border crossing even as others are excluded, and the idea of a world without borders as being necessarily more just than the one we presently have. If populist politicians would read more, including this book, they might rant less and reason more."
– Professor John Agnew, UCLA, USA